||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (August 2012)|
Theodore Lolo Beabrun, Lead Singer
Tuff Gong International
|Members||Theodore "Lòlò" Beabrun, Lead Singer
Mimerose "Manzè" Beaubrun, Lead Singer
Gary Seney, Percusionist
Henry Pierre Joseph, Percussionist
Hans "Bwa Gris" Dominique, Percussionist
Maquel Jean Baptiste, Guitar
Jean Lourdy Coiscou, Keyboards
Willy Calixte, Bass Guitar
Raymond "Samba Drol" Lexis, Percussionist
Ted Gabriel Beaubrun, Tanbou/Artistic Director
Gerald Alfred, Guitar
Michel Melthon Lynch, Bass guitar
Natacha Massillon, Backup vocals
Louis "Toto" Eliphète, Percussionist
Moliere "Moali"Calice, Percussions/Drums
Johanne Dejean, "Dancer"
Johanne Colas, "Dancer"
Boukman Eksperyans is a mizik rasin band from the city of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Grammy Nominated for their debut album Vodou Adjae. The band derives its name from Dutty Boukman, a vodou priest who led a religious ceremony in 1791 that is widely considered the start of the Haitian Revolution. The other half of the band's name, "Eksperyans", is the Kreyòl word for "experience", and was inspired by the band's appreciation of the music of Jimi Hendrix. The band was at the height of its popularity in 1991 when the presidency of Jean Bertrand Aristide was overthrown in a military coup d'etat. Like many other artists and performers, Boukman Eksperyans fled the country to live in exile. During their time abroad, the band performed and spoke out against the military dictatorship of Raoul Cédras. In 1994, after Aristide was restored to power, the band returned to Haiti, where they continued to play concerts, record albums, and perform at the Carnival celebrations.
Boukman Eksperyans was founded in 1978 by Theodore "Lolo" Beaubrun and his sister Marjorie 'Nola' Beabrun and Daniel 'Dadi' Beaubrun and Mimerose Beaubrun and members of various groups who launched the mizik rasin revolution in Haiti in the late 1970s. One of these groups was led by Fanfan Alexis, and included the future musicians of such groups as Group Sa, Foula, and Rara Machine. Beaubrun's father was a comedian and was often referred to as the Bill Cosby of Haiti.Theodore Beaubrun (Languichatte Debordus) While on tour in the United States, he brought back a James Brown LP which left a lasting impression on young Lolo. After his parents divorced, he followed his mother to Brooklyn, New York. In the United States, he studied two years of Business Administration.
Lolo returned to Haiti in 1978, and there were bands playing music known as minidjaz. To Lolo, they seemed to pay no attention to song lyrics that dealt with reality. They were even accused of standing too close to the Duvaliers. When Lolo and Mimrose began to seek their musical goals, they felt a strong desire to incorporate the African element in Haiti's culture into their music. They decided to combine roots music with vodou religious and musical traditions. The greater vision was to use their music to combine the structures found in common throughout world religions with Haitian vodou.
Lolo's grandfather was deeply involved in vodou, but his parents never made this available to him. Lolo and Mimrose entered their first vodou lakou-s, a Haitian spiritual community, where they met musicians and singers. They also got their first real glance at the African culture of Haiti in the form it was handed down from members of various tribes. They founded a group to study vodou music, giving it the name of Moun Ife ("People of the Abode of the Deities"). Lolo stated that Bob Marley, another important musical inspiration, made him think. When he heard the Jamaican legend in 1976, he thought he could create something similar in Haiti with vodou. Lolo and Mimerose began to perform as a live act in the 1980s.
The traditional roots instruments were replaced by electric instruments, like the bass guitar and two guitars played by members Eddy François and Daniel 'Daby' Beaubrun, Lolo's brother and the band's chief arranger. In 1985, the group changed their name to "Boukman Eksperyans", the name of Fan Fan Alexis's former band, of which Lolo was the lead singer. The name was a tribute to the Jamaican born slave leader Boukman Dutty, who launched the Haitian slave rebellion in August 1791. "Eksperyans" was in honor of the "high priest of rock music", Jimi Hendrix. Since the beginning, starting with the first encounters made by the Beaubruns with deep African roots, Boukman Eksperyans has remained steadfastly linked to the Ginen ("Guinea") vodou line. The band calls it vodou adjae after a vodou ceremonial dance. This was also the title of their first album, released in 1991.
Boukman Eksperyans first became famous in 1990 when they presented their song "Ke'm Pa Sote" at the Carnival celebration in Port-au-Prince. The song included the refrain "My heart doesn't leap, I'm not afraid". This song was a protest against the living conditions under the post-Duvalier interim military government of General Prosper Avril. After a young girl was shot dead by a soldier, this song became an out-and-out battle hymn admonishing the government. The band continued to write and perform rebellious songs. The band members were never directly threatened, but were advised 'never go out at night'. When the military junta overthrew president Jean-Bertrand Aristide in 1991, the band decided to leave the country for their own safety.
Just before the second coup d'état against Aristide in 2004, Lolo joined with many others in protesting the abuses at the very least condoned by the President. In the years following, Boukman Eksperyans was not associated with any political party. Their songs depicted the reality of Haiti as they saw it.
Mimerose Beaubrun's book Nan Domi: An Initiate's Journey into Haitian Voudou, is forthcoming from City Lights Publishers in June 2013. ISBN 9780872865747
|1991||Vodou Adjae||Mango Records||Premier album|
|1992||Kalfou Danjere||Island Records|
|1995||Libete (Pran Pou'l!)||Mango Records|
|1998||Revolutíon||Tuff Gong International|
|1998||Revolisyon||Tuff Gong International||Second release of Revolutíon|
|1999||Live at Red Rocks||Tuff Gong International||Live concert recording, August, 1998|
|2000||Kanaval Rasin - Vodou Adjae||Converge Records or Conversa-phone Institute (possibly)||Greatest hits album of songs performed at Carnival|
|2009||La Révolte Des Zombies||Balenjo Music|
|2011||Live at New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival|
- Official websites
Averill, Gage. A Day for the Hunter, a Day for the Prey: Popular Music and Power in Haiti. University of Chicago Press, 1997.