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An aerial view of the centre of Bourail
An aerial view of the centre of Bourail
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Coordinates: 21°34′12″S 165°28′49″E / 21.5701°S 165.4804°E / -21.5701; 165.4804Coordinates: 21°34′12″S 165°28′49″E / 21.5701°S 165.4804°E / -21.5701; 165.4804
Country France
Sui generis collectivity New Caledonia
Province South Province
 • Mayor Jean-Pierre Aïfa
Area1 797.6 km2 (308.0 sq mi)
Population (2004 census)2 4,779
 • Density 6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
Ethnic distribution
 • 1996 census Europeans 55.6%
Kanaks 34.8%
Polynesians 3.3%
Other 6.3%
INSEE/Postal code 98803 / 98870
Elevation 0–1,438 m (0–4,718 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)

1 New Caledonia Land Register (DITTT) data, which exclude lakes and ponds larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bourail is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean.


This is a rural town of Grande Terre (Bush). The municipality is located in both the mountains and along the sea beaches are tourist but remain wild, they are a place popular with surfers. The town lies at the confluence of several rivers, is the crossroads of many valleys Boghen, Bacouya, Nessadiou, Nera, Tene, La Pouéo ...

The territory of the municipality has various natural landscapes:

  • Mining landscapes
  • Landscapes of valleys and alluvial plains making Bourail the capital of the rural New Caledonia
  • landscapes of mangroves
  • a coastline made up of white sand beaches and beaches older
  • seascapes including reefs and passes

With a density of 6 inhabitants / km ², Bourail offers an ideal balance between rural and urban, between tradition and modernity.


Bourail means "lizard's tail."

This comes from Bu Rhaï in the language ajie, Bu meaning "tail" and Rhaï "the lizard".



Logo of Bourail
  • The two casings represent the Kanak population
  • The crescent moon represents the Muslim population
  • Blue Cross is the cemetery of New Zealand
  • The Bird is the yellow-legged Thrush Moluccan imported control such invasions of locusts
  • head of livestock and the Sheaf of Wheat represents the farming community


The slogan of Bourail used for tourism is "Bourail, Earth emotions."

Population and Society[edit]


4900 inhabitants (2006)

This is a young city with half of the population is under 30 years.

Most people Bourail will continue their studies in Nouméa. To avoid this decline in population, the town created more and more schools. There are about 2000 children attending schools up to high school, there is no university.

The inhabitants are called Bouraillais (es), their nickname is "yellow legs" (referring to the birds of the region: blackbirds Moluccas).


  • College Louis-Léopold Djiet
  • Private College Sacré-Coeur
  • Private vocational school Père Guéneau (LPPG-mechanical) and François d'Assise (LPFA-sector)
  • Saint-Joseph school(private elementary school)
  • Lys d'eau school (maternal + CP-CE1)
  • Louise-Michel school (primary school)


  • Church of Bourail
  • Museum of Bourail
  • Cinema
  • Library
  • The Colisé (theater)
  • Music school

Sports grounds[edit]

  • Football stadium
  • Sports hall
  • Gymnasium
  • Tennis courts

People related to Bourail[edit]

The Pole Antoni Berezowski, who in 1867 tried in Paris to assassinate the emperor Alexander II of Russia, lived in exile in Bourail from 1886 until his death in 1916.[1][2][3][4]

Policy and Administration[edit]

Kanak Tribes[edit]

  • Pothé tribe
  • Azareu tribe
  • Bouirou tribe
  • Ny tribe
  • Boregahou tribe
  • Gouaro tribe
  • Oua-Oué tribe

District separated[edit]

Gouaro district
  • Roche Percée
  • Poé
  • Gouaro
  • Téné
  • FSH (Bourail)
  • Nandai
  • Nessadiou
  • Boghen

Sister cities[edit]



Gabé station

Resources are agriculture and livestock, mainly cattle but also pigs, deer, poultry and beekeeping. There are 300 200 hectares of maize and potatoes, we also practice subsistence farming. The town is often considered the "capital of the Bush" and especially "outback" (name given to the rural non Caldoches nouméens), particularly through the annual fair Bourail


Poe beach

The beaches are open to all activities of the sea and the lagoon. At the spawning season, they host several species of turtles very guarded. On the beach of Roche Percee, crates are arranged in nests by volunteers to protect the eggs until they hatch. On this coast, skiers and snowboarders will find their vague or, conversely, their body of water sheltered by the reef. Divers or hikers in the palm, can explore the wonders of underwater preserved and now World Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

In Gouaro Deva, a huge project that combines economics, ecology and tourism aims to create, north of the Southern Province, a hub of integrated and sustainable development. It is planned for 2013.

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Turtle Bay
  • Museum of Bourail
  • Fellow of Bourail
  • Turtle Bay
  • Gouaro Deva
  • Arab Cemetery
  • New Zealand Cemetery of the Second World War


Agricultural fair of Bourail[edit]

Agricultural fair Bourail

The Trade Fair of Agricultural and Craft Bourail (FEAAB) takes place every year during the weekend for the week of Aug. 15, at Bourail in New Caledonia. This event is very famous for its rodeo. The fair takes place on the racecourse Téné, outside the village of Bourail.


The fireworks display takes place every year on or about July 14 at the stage of the village.

Torch Pacific Games 2011 NC[edit]

Following the organization of the Pacific Games in New Caledonia, the "flame of the Games' is spent in several municipalities of the island, including Bourail August 21, 2011. Jean-Pierre AIFA Mayor Bourail, was present and the committee chair Pascale Bastien-Thiry and torchbearers. The flame arrived on horseback and was positioned on the podium near the stadium where speeches and a balloon release have succeeded. Several events and booths were present at the Sports Hall during this special day.

Arrivée flamme.JPG
Mascotte flamme.JPG
Flamme maire.JPG
Laché ballons.JPG


  1. ^ Translated from the French Wikipedia.
  2. ^ (Polish) Witamy w Wydawnictwie Naukowym
  3. ^ (Polish)zowski_antoni,haslo.html
  4. ^ Dictionnaire biographique