Bouraq Indonesia Airlines

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"Bouraq" redirects here. For other uses, see Buraq (disambiguation).
Bouraq Indonesia Airlines
Bouraq Airlines logo.svg
IATA
BO
ICAO
BOU
Callsign
BOURAQ[1]
Founded 1970
Ceased operations 2005
Hubs Jakarta Airport
Sultan Aji Muhamad Sulaiman Airport
Fleet size 7
Destinations 10+
Headquarters Jakarta, Indonesia
Key people Jarry Albert Sumendap (owner)
Website [1]

Bouraq Indonesia Airlines, often shortened to Bouraq Airlines or just Bouraq, was an airline headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia, which operated mostly domestic passenger flights out of its bases at Jakarta Airport and Sultan Aji Muhamad Sulaiman Airport.

History[edit]

A Bouraq Indonesia Airlines Boeing 707 at Singapore International Airport in 1978.

Bouraq Airlines was established in April 1970 as a privately owned company by Jarry Albert Sumendap, and it stayed in the possession of his family ever since.[2] Bali Air was another airline owned by Sumendap, which was co-operating with Bouraq. Initially the airline operated Douglas DC-3s. From 1973 the turboprop Hawker Siddeley HS 748 was introduced on Bouraq services.

Both airlines were shut down in 2005 after prolonged financial problems. The last scheduled Bouraq flight took place in July of that year. The airline licence was revoked in 2007.[3]

Destinations[edit]

During the 1980s[edit]

At that time, Bouraq Airlines offered scheduled flights to the following destinations:[4][5]

During the 2000s[edit]

One year prior to closure the network had been greatly reduced compared to the 1980s, which was due to the rising financial problems. In the summer of 2004, Bouraq served the following destinations:[6]

Fleet[edit]

A Boeing 737-200 of Bouraq at Changi Airport in 2004.

Over the years, Bouraq Indonesia Airlines operated the following aircraft types:[7][8]

Aircraft Introduced Retired
Aérospatiale N 262
Boeing 707
Boeing 737-200
1993
2005
BAC One-Eleven
Douglas DC-3
1970
1985
Fokker F28 Fellowship
Hawker Siddeley HS 748
1973
McDonnell Douglas MD-82
2002
2005
NAMC YS-11
Vickers Viscount

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Fatal[edit]

  • On 26 August 1980 at 06:29 local time, a Vickers Viscount of Far Eastern Air Transport (registered PK-IVS) crashed near Jakarta during a scheduled passenger flight from Banjarmasin that was operated on behalf of Bouraq, killed 31 passengers and 6 crew on board. The pilots had lost control of the aircraft whilst approaching Soekarno–Hatta International Airport when the right elevator broke off. It was later determined that the fastenings had exceeded their lifetime by a factor of three without having been substituted during maintenance checkups.[9]
  • On 9 January 1993, a Bouraq Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (registered PH-IHE) crashed near Juanda International Airport, killed 39 passengers and 5 crew on board. The aircraft had just left the airport for a scheduled flight to Banjarmassin, when a failure of one engine was experienced. The pilots tried to return to Juanda Airport, but ultimately failed to do so.[10]
  • On 6 August 1995, a Bouraq HS 748 (registered PK-KHL) crashed into Mount Kumawa at a height of 2,800 metres, killed 4 passengers and 6 crew on board. The aircraft hab been on a chartered flight from Dumatubin Airport to Kaimana Airport.[11]

Non-fatal[edit]

  • On 23 January 1976, a Bouraq Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (registered PK-IHD) was damaged beyond repair in a landing accident at Mutiara Airport. None of the 27 passengers and 5 crew on board were seriously injured.[12]
  • On 9 February 1977, another Bouraq HS 748 (this time registered PH-IHK) had to be written off after a hard landing at Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, which caused the landing gear to collapse. Again, there are no reports concerning any injuries of the 46 passengers and 5 crew on board.[13]
  • On 10 December 1982, the nose gear of a Bouraq HS 748 (registered PH-IHI) collapsed upon landing at Sam Ratulangi International Airport, causing the aircraft to veer off the runway. Even though the plane was destroyed, all of the 42 passengers and three crew survived.[14]
  • On 4 July 1988, a Bouraq Vickers Viscount (registered PK-IVW) was damaged beyond economic repair when the starboard and nose gear collapsed during a tailwind landing at Sultan Aji Muhamad Sulaiman Airport. There were no notable injuries among the 71 passemgers and 5 crew members on board[15]
  • On 4 January 1989, a Bouraq HS 748 suffered extensive damage when the pilots had to perform a belly landing at Syamsudin Noor Airport, following a failure of the landing gears with 47 passengers and five crew on board.[16]
  • On 28 August 1992, a Bouraq Vickers Viscount (registered PH-IVX) was destroyed in an engine fire at Syamsudin Noor Airport. The fire started during the take-off run, but the pilots noticed it in time to abort take-off and evacuate the 64 passengers (plus six crew), before the aircraft was engulfed by the flames.[17]
  • On 26 September 1994, a Bouraq Viscount (registered PK-IVU) was damaged in a landing accident at Pontianak Airport during a ferry flight with only two pilots on board. The aircraft could be repaired and returned to service.[18]
  • On 11 July 1996 at 09:00 local time, Bouraq lost another HS 748 (registered PK-IHN) in a runway overshot at Pattimura Airport. The pilots had to abort the take-off for a scheduled flight to Manado because of an engine failure, but the remaining length of the runway did not suffice to bring the aircraft to a halt, so that it collided with a dyke. There were no noteworthy injuries amongst the 43 passengers and five crew members.[19]

References[edit]

External links[edit]