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This article is about the city of Bourbon. For the Duke of Bourbon, see House of Bourbon. For other uses, see Bourbon (disambiguation).
The chateau in Bourbon-l'Archambault
The chateau in Bourbon-l'Archambault
Coat of arms of Bourbon
Coat of arms
Bourbon is located in France
Coordinates: 46°35′03″N 3°03′26″E / 46.5842°N 3.0572°E / 46.5842; 3.0572Coordinates: 46°35′03″N 3°03′26″E / 46.5842°N 3.0572°E / 46.5842; 3.0572
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Allier
Arrondissement Moulins
Canton Bourbonnais
Intercommunality Bocage Bourbonnais
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jacky Belien
Area1 54.84 km2 (21.17 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 2,593
 • Density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 03036 / 03160
Elevation 215–321 m (705–1,053 ft)
(avg. 260 m or 850 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bourbon-l'Archambault is a spa town and a commune in the Allier department in Auvergne in central France. It is the place of origin of the House of Bourbon. In 1300, Louis Bourbon built this city when he was made Grand Chambrier of France.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 2,607 —    
1968 2,607 +0.0%
1975 2,598 −0.3%
1982 2,550 −1.8%
1990 2,630 +3.1%
1999 2,564 −2.5%
2008 2,593 +1.1%


In 1681, Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Tours, the third daughter of Louis XIV and his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan died there at the age of seven.

Over three decades later, on 26 May 1707, Mme de Montespan also died in Bourbon-l'Archambault.

In 1915, mathematician André Lichnerowicz was born here (died 1998).

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