House of Bourbon-Maine

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House of Bourbon-Maine (Légitimé de France)
Blason Batard Vendôme.png
Country France
Parent house

House of Bourbon

(legitimised royal branch)
Titles

duc du Maine,

Founded 1672
Founder Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine
Dissolution 1775

The House of Bourbon-Maine was an illegitimate branch of the House of Bourbon, being thus part of the Capetian dynasty. It was founded in 1672 when Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine was legitimised by his father, King Louis XIV of France.

History and Founder[edit]

Louis-Auguste, founder of the House of Bourbon-Maine, was the first-born illegitimate son of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan.

Immediately after his birth in 1670, he was entrusted to the care of Madame Scarron, one of his mother's acquaintances, who brought him to a private house on the rue de Vaugirard, close to the Luxembourg Palace, in Paris. In 1672, the king legitimised him and other younger siblings he had fathered with Mme de Montespan. At the time of his legitimation, Louis-Auguste received the title of duc du Maine.

In 1692, Louis Auguste married Anne-Louise-Bénédicte de Bourbon-Condé, the daughter of Henry III Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé.

The Children of the duc du Maine[edit]

Louis-Auguste and his wife had seven children, only three of whom lived to adulthood. All died without issue.

The House of Bourbon-Maine became extinct at the death of Louis Charles de Bourbon, comte d'Eu. It had been in existence for just over a century.

Heads of the House[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Louis Auguste de Bourbon, Légitimé de France
Duc du Maine

1672–1736
Duc du Maine2.jpg 31 March 1670
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
son of Louis XIV of France and Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan
Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
Palace of Versailles
19 May 1692
7 children
14 May 1736
Château de Sceaux
aged 66
Louis Auguste de Bourbon, prince de Dombes
1736–1755
Louis-Auguste II de Bourbon, prince de Dombes.jpg 4 March 1700
Versailles
son of Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine and Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
never married 1 October 1755
Fontainebleau
aged 55
Louis Charles de Bourbon, comte d'Eu
1755–1775
Louis Charles de Bourbon, Count of Eu, unknown artist.jpg 5 October 1701
Château de Sceaux
son of Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine and Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
never married 13 July 1775
Château de Sceaux
aged 73

Ancestry[edit]

Other Illegitimate Houses[edit]

See also[edit]