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Bourgeois liberalism (simplified Chinese: 资产阶级自由主义 zh; traditional Chinese: 資產階級自由主義; pinyin: zīchăn jiējí zìyóu zhŭyì) refers to either parliamentary democracy or Western popular culture. The foundations for bourgeois liberalism is that of Adam Smith's writing The Wealth of Nations, seen in 19th-century classical economic liberalism. The French term bourgeois' origins are that of 'middle class' however Marxist usage implies bankers or merchants. The late 1980s saw the first major usage of the term when a number of campaigns against bourgeois liberalism were initiated lasting till the early 1990s.
The term is in active use in Chinese politics, with the Communist Party's Constitution stating party objectives include "combat[ing] bourgeois liberalization" in line with the four cardinal principles.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, "Bourgeois Liberalism"
- CPC Constitution, CPC English Website, http://english.cpc.people.com.cn/65732/6758063.html