Bourj el-Barajneh

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Bourj el-Barajneh (Arabic: برج البراجنة‎, "Tower of Towers") is a municipality located in the southern suburbs of Beirut, in Lebanon. The municipality lies between Beirut International Airport and the town of Haret Hreik.

In the June 7, 2009 parliamentary election in Lebanon, Bourj al-Barajneh voted in the Baabda electoral division.

Its local population are mainly Shia Muslims but due to its cheap housing and hospitable locals, it has acquired a sizable Sunni, Kurdish, Iraqi and other poor and/or refugee populations that reside mainly in and around the local Palestinian refugee camp.

The Bourj el-Barajneh Refugee Camp is located at the edge of the municipality. The League of Red Cross Societies established the camp in 1948 to accommodate an influx of Palestinian refugees from the Galilee in present-day northern Israel. The camp was laid siege to by the Israeli army and Lebanese Christian Phalangists during 1982, after Israel invaded Lebanon earlier that year. It (and other Palestinian Camps) was also laid siege to by Amal militia from February 1984 to February 1987 for the control of West Beirut. According to UNRWA more than 15,000 Palestinian refugees live in the camp, though originally only 10,000 were planned to live in the one square kilometer site. Another estimate puts that number at 20,000.

The town was founded by Arab settlers. It is known as the Barajneh after a rebel who killed a slave of Fakhr-al-Din II (1590-1635).[citation needed]

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