Bourne (film series)
|Bourne (film series)|
DVD set of The Bourne Identity (2002), The Bourne Supremacy (2004), and The Bourne Ultimatum (2007).
|Directed by||Doug Liman
|Produced by||Patrick Crowley
Andrew R. Tennenbaum
Ben Smith[disambiguation needed]
Jeffrey M. Weiner
|Screenplay by||Tony Gilroy
William Blake Herron
Scott Z. Burns
|Based on||The Bourne Series
by Robert Ludlum
|Music by||John Powell
James Newton Howard
|Edited by||Saar Klein
|The Kennedy/Marshall Company
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||477 minutes|
The Bourne films are a series of action/thriller spy films based on the character Jason Bourne (Matt Damon), a CIA assassin suffering from extreme memory loss who must figure out who he is, created by author Robert Ludlum. The Bourne Legacy introduces a new character, Aaron Cross (Jeremy Renner), a Department of Defense operative who runs for his life because of Bourne's actions in Ultimatum.
All three of Ludlum's novels were adapted for the screen, featuring Matt Damon as the titular character in each. Doug Liman directed The Bourne Identity (2002), Paul Greengrass directed The Bourne Supremacy (2004) and The Bourne Ultimatum (2007). Tony Gilroy co-wrote each film and directed The Bourne Legacy (2012).
Damon chose not to return for the fourth film. The character of Jason Bourne does not appear in Legacy, but mention of his name and pictures of Damon as Bourne are shown throughout the film.
The Bourne Identity
A man (Matt Damon) is found floating in the Mediterranean Sea with two gunshot wounds in his back and a device with the number of a Swiss safe deposit box embedded in his hip. Upon reaching shore, the man assumes the name Jason Bourne after finding a passport under the name in the safe deposit box, along with other international passports, large amounts of assorted currencies, and a gun. He subsequently attempts to discover his true identity while countering attempts on his life by CIA assassins, eventually realizing that he is one such assassin who failed to complete his most recent mission. Bourne breaks his connections to the CIA and unites with Marie Kreutz (Franka Potente), a woman who helped him learn about his most recent actions prior to his memory loss. Bourne's conflict with the CIA reaches a climax when he takes the fight to their doorstep. Directed by Doug Liman.
The Bourne Supremacy
Some two years after learning that he is a trained assassin and breaking his connections with the CIA, Jason Bourne (Matt Damon) is framed for a crime connected to one of his past missions. A subsequent attempt on his life results in Marie's death, so he decides to take revenge by hunting down those responsible for her death and his forgotten past, thinking that the CIA is hunting him again. Bourne discovers that Ward Abbott (Brian Cox), one of the men who oversaw Operation Treadstone, the program which trained Bourne to be an assassin, stole millions of dollars from the CIA. Abbott meant to implicate Bourne in the theft with the frame-up, which would have led the CIA on a wild goose chase had Bourne been killed as intended. Bourne exposes Abbott to Pamela Landy (Joan Allen), the CIA officer in charge of finding Bourne, and Abbott commits suicide. During a long car chase with Bourne, the Russian agent who was paid to kill him and was responsible for Marie's death is killed, and Bourne goes into hiding.
The Bourne Ultimatum
After six weeks of hiding, Bourne (Matt Damon) learns that a British journalist has been investigating his past and contacts him to find out who his source is. Bourne is subsequently targeted by Operation Blackbriar, an upgraded Operation Treadstone, which has also taken note of the investigation. Believing that Bourne is a threat and is seeking revenge, Blackbriar's director Noah Vosen (David Strathairn) begins a new hunt for Bourne. Bourne manages to take classified documents proving that Blackbriar has targeted U.S. citizens; he is aided by Landy, who disagreed with Vosen from the beginning and does not support Blackbriar's existence, and former Treadstone logistics technician Nicky Parsons (Julia Stiles). She may have had romantic feelings for Bourne before his final mission and resultant amnesia. Bourne finally comes face to face with the person who oversaw his behavioral modification as the first Treadstone operative some years earlier, memories of which resurface. Those responsible for Treadstone and Blackbriar are exposed, and Bourne goes underground.
The Bourne Legacy
Aaron Cross (Jeremy Renner) is a member of Operation Outcome, a United States Department of Defense black ops program which enhances the physical and mental abilities of field operatives through pills referred to as "chems". Cross, deployed to Alaska for a training assignment, traverses rugged terrain to reach a cabin operated by an exiled Outcome operative. Meanwhile, Jason Bourne has exposed the Blackbriar and Treadstone programs in public, leading the FBI and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence to investigate those involved. Retired Air Force Colonel Eric Byer (Edward Norton), who is responsible for overseeing the Beta program from which the CIA's Treadstone and Blackbriar were developed, decides to end Outcome and kill its agents. Cross manages to survive several attempts on his life and seeks a way to get more chems, as his have run out. Cross eventually comes upon Dr. Marta Shearing (Rachel Weisz), his last link to gain more chems. He discovers she has no pills but that his physical enhancements have actually "viraled-out" and are now genetically permanent, so he no longer needs those. He reveals to her that without the help of the mental enhancements, he possesses a well below average IQ. To avoid this mental regression, and the operatives hunting them, the two travel to a factory in Manila and with Shearing's help, Cross survives the possibly fatal process of "viraling-out" of his dependency of the remaining mental enhancing pills. They evade the Manila police and an operative from the new LARX program, and successfully escape from the Philippines on a junk ship.
Universal confirmed at a media conference in Los Angeles, California, that they have plans to release more Bourne films, despite Legacy being given mixed reviews by critics. In a December 2012 interview, Matt Damon has revealed that he and Paul Greengrass are interested in returning for the next film as Jason Bourne and the director respectively. On November 8, 2013 Deadline reported that the fifth installment in the franchise will feature Renner's Cross, with Justin Lin directing. Andrew Baldwin was attached for the film's screenplay writing, and the release date was set to July 15, 2016.
Cast and characters
|The Bourne Identity||The Bourne Supremacy||The Bourne Ultimatum||The Bourne Legacy|
|Jason Bourne/David Webb||Matt Damon|
|Aaron Cross/Kenneth Kitsom||Jeremy Renner|
|Nicky Parsons||Julia Stiles|
|Dr. Marta Shearing||Rachel Weisz|
|Marie Helena Kreutz||Franka Potente||(Flashback)|
|Alexander Conklin||Chris Cooper||(Flashback)|
|Ward Abbott||Brian Cox||(Flashback)|
|Danny Zorn||Gabriel Mann|
|The Professor||Clive Owen|
|Nykwana Wombosi||Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje|
|Pamela Landy||Joan Allen|
|Tom Cronin||Tom Gallop|
|Noah Vosen||David Strathairn|
|Martin Kreutz||Daniel Brühl|
|Ezra Kramer||Scott Glenn|
|Dr. Albert Hirsch||Albert Finney|
|Ray Wills||Corey Johnson|
|Simon Ross||Paddy Considine||(Flashback)|
|Desh Bouksani||Joey Ansah|
|Eric Byer||Edward Norton|
|Mark Turso||Stacy Keach|
|Number 3||Oscar Isaac|
|LARX 3||Louis Ozawa Changchien|
|Zev Vendel||Corey Stoll|
Crew and other
The Bourne series was met with both critical and commercial success. Ultimatum won three Academy Awards: Best Film Editing, Sound, and Best Sound Editing. Both Supremacy and Ultimatum won the Empire Award for Best Film.
Box office performance
|Film||Release date||Box office revenue||Box office ranking||Budget||Reference|
|United States||Foreign||Worldwide||All time US||All time worldwide|
|The Bourne Identity||June 14, 2002||$121.661.683||$92.372.541||$214.034.224||#368||#459||$60.000.000|||
|The Bourne Supremacy||July 23, 2004||$176.241.941||$112.258.276||$288.500.217||#173||#302||$75.000.000|||
|The Bourne Ultimatum||August 3, 2007||$227.471.070||$215.353.068||$442.824.138||#92||#136||$110.000.000|||
|The Bourne Legacy||August 10, 2012||$113.203.870||$162.940.880||$276.144.750||#417||#316||$125.000.000|||
|The Bourne Identity||83% (184 reviews)||68 (38 reviews)|
|The Bourne Supremacy||81% (188 reviews)||73 (39 reviews)|
|The Bourne Ultimatum||94% (236 reviews)||85 (38 reviews)|
|The Bourne Legacy||56% (208 reviews)||61 (42 reviews)|
Director Doug Liman stated that he had been a fan of The Bourne Identity by Robert Ludlum since he read it in high school. Near the end of production of Liman's previous film Swingers, Liman decided to develop a film adaptation of the novel. After more than two years of securing rights to the book from Warner Brothers and a further year of screenplay development with screenwriter Tony Gilroy, the film went through two years of production. Liman approached a wide range of actors for the role of Bourne, including Russell Crowe and Sylvester Stallone, before he eventually cast Matt Damon. Liman found that Damon understood and appreciated that, though The Bourne Identity would have its share of action, the focus was primarily on character and plot. Production was difficult, with screenplay rewrites occurring throughout the entire filming and Liman constantly arguing with Universal's executives. The Bourne Identity was released in June 2002.
The films have been noted for their "well placed", "understated" and "tastefully done" product placement of a "diverse" range of brands, which in the case of the third film, earned the producers tens of millions of dollars. The Bourne Identity features brands such as The Guardian newspaper, BT Tower in London and Tag Heuer watches. The Bourne Supremacy features mobile phones made by Sony Ericsson. The Bourne Ultimatum features a total of 54 brands including The Guardian and BT for the second time; mobile phones made by Motorola, Nokia and Carphone Warehouse, most prominently the RAZR 2 and SLVR, as Motorola was a major sponsor and had a movie tie-in customized phone; cars made by BMW, Ford, Mercedes, and Volkswagen, most prominently the Volkswagen Touareg 2, as Volkswagen provided $25 million in funding; and technology products such as CTX computer monitors, Norton AntiVirus and the Google web search engine.
The scores of the first three films of the series were written by English composer John Powell, with James Newton Howard scoring the fourth film, The Bourne Legacy. Powell was not the original choice as composer for The Bourne Identity—a score for the film had already been composed by Carter Burwell and recorded by an orchestra, when director Doug Liman contacted Powell to provide an alternative soundtrack as he was dissatisfied with the music. Partly for budgetary reasons, Powell scaled down the orchestral score to mostly electronic soundtrack with strings overlaid to give it a "cinematic feel".
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