Bournemouth Reform Synagogue
|Bournemouth Reform Synagogue|
|Location||Bournemouth, Dorset, England|
|Leadership||Rabbi Neil Amswych|
Bournemouth Reform Synagogue (Hebrew: קהילה קדושה שערי צדק, Kehillah Kedoshah Sha'arei Tzedek, lit. "the sacred community 'Gates of Righteousness'"), also known as BRS, is a Reform Jewish synagogue of over 500 members in the heart of Bournemouth, England.
Bournemouth Reform Synagogue was founded in 1947 as the Bournemouth New Synagogue, a break-away from the Bournemouth Hebrew Congregation. The split met with fierce opposition from the Hebrew Congregation who at the time refused to share the cemetery. At the time it was the ninth Reform synagogue in the country.
The synagogue has been led by five ministers over its sixty-year history: Rev. Charles Berg (1948–1953), Rev. Stanley Solomons (1953–1969), Rabbi Harold Vallins (1970–1972), Rabbi David Soetendorp (1972–2005) and Rabbi Neil Amswych (2005–June 2014). In 2007, BRS also inducted its first Associate Rabbi – Rabbi Jenny Goldfried Amswych.
Bournemouth Reform Synagogue is a member of the Movement for Reform Judaism, and shares similar goals. It seeks to be welcoming to everyone for social activities, educational programmes, for support or for spiritual nourishment. It seeks to respond to the needs of individuals who need a combination of both tradition and modernity, and says that it believes that "a healthy community is one that prays, socialises, learns, plans and grows together."
BRS is one of the many communities responding to a major difficulty of Reform Judaism – "the question of religious authority with the resulting difficulty of setting limits to a liberal religion." A centralised model of religious leadership under Rabbi Soetendorp was responsible for significantly growing the community in size, and in drawing people into the community.
Under the leadership of Rabbi Neil Amswych the Foundations course was established for adults in 2005, and in 2006 became a partially online course for those who live far away from Bournemouth. Community-led decisions have always been a part of every British Reform community but BRS is one of the communities that has employed a model in which the Ritual Forum, re-established in 2005, advises the Rabbi and Council of ritual decisions after long discussions that can sometimes take place over a period of months.
The community experienced a significant split in 2009  resulting in a steady fall in membership.
Under Rabbi Soetendorp's leadership, the synagogue published two volumes of Emet – books compiled and edited by Eve Cowan – that told the life stories of some of its members. This model was expanded upon by Rabbi Neil Amswych who, on the Kabbalat Shabbat (Friday night) service, will often ask members to share the things that they are thankful for from the week that has been, and the things that they are looking forward to in the week to come. By ritualising story-telling  the synagogue has doubled the number of people attending its Friday night (Shabbat) services.
In 2010 Councillor Barry Goldbart became the fifth Jewish Mayor of Bournemouth. He is the first Reform Jewish Mayor and a member of Bournemouth Reform Synagogue. Rabbi Neil Amswych was appointed as the Mayor’s Chaplain.
Services are in both Hebrew and English and members are encouraged to take part in relevant mitzvot (commandments) regardless of gender. The Friday evening service is usually more fluid with a story as the central focus, while the Saturday morning service has the Torah reading and its exposition as the central point.
A significant development in the liturgy was made in March 2008 when the community voted by a large majority to adopt the eighth edition of the Forms of Prayer siddur written by the Movement for Reform Judaism. For Succot 2009, Rabbi Jenny created a booklet of prayers to allow the community to move away from the 50-year old pilgrim festival liturgy. Another major development in the services was the relocation of the reading desk from the front to the middle of the community, creating a more inclusive atmosphere.
Many decisions regarding community customs are made at the synagogue's Ritual Forum which meets around every six weeks and which is open to all synagogue members.
The Bournemouth Jewish Social Centre
The Bournemouth Jewish Social Centre, formerly called the Day Centre was held on a Monday lunchtime bringing together Jews from all denominations across Bournemouth, however with dwindling attendance the Centre closed in 2013 after 32 years.
Bournemouth Reform Synagogue often holds events that link up with the South Hampshire Reform Jewish Community, and smaller communities in Salisbury and on the Isle of Wight. Otreach work includes interfaith activities, such as the 2007 Interfaith Seder, and school visits (either to the community or by community representatives such as Rabbi Neil Amswych, Rabbi Jenny Goldfried Amswych, or educators from the community).
The religion school at Bournemouth Reform Synagogue is called "Oseh Shalom" and it brings Jews to Reform Judaism from reception up to teenage years.
In 2006, Rabbi Neil Amswych created the Foundations Course which was designed to teach about matters that lie at the heart of being a Reform Jew. There were sessions three times a month – two Wednesday evenings and one Shabbat afternoon. In 2007, the two Wednesday evening sessions were moved online, so that the Foundations course could be accessed by more people. The website also contains an "Ask the Rabbi" page, a Torah Thoughts page with commentaries on most weekly portions (as well as occasional sermons), and also includes online courses, such as the course for 2007 entitled "Why do Bad Things Happen to Good People?" In place of the Foundations course, the Shabbat afternoon sessions for 2009 were an introduction to key areas of Reform Judaism called "Beyond Survival – Reform Judaism Today." In 2009, the adult education also expanded to include an introduction to Hebrew reading class and also a Talmud class (which has since been disbanded) led by Rabbi Jenny.
Following the name of the community – Gates of Righteousness – Bournemouth Reform Synagogue has a history of social action. Under Rabbi David Sotendorp's guidance, the community was very prominent in the campaign to free Soviet Jewry in the 1980s. Under the guidance of Rabbi Neil Amswych, the community's social action focused on environmental concerns, both locally and globally. Visitors to the synagogue website are also directed to internet charity sites where surfers can give to charity for free.
In 2009, BRS set up "Sha'arei Tzedek" – the BRS Social Action Group. The first event was to synchronise with Mitzvah Day 2009, soon followed by a collection of warm clothes for those in the FSU. The January 2010 earthquake in Haiti also brought a community-wide request for donations to the World Jewish Relief.
- Bournemouth Hebrew Congregation
- List of Jewish communities in the United Kingdom
- List of synagogues in the United Kingdom
- Movement for Reform Judaism
- Ruth Pauline Goldschmidt-Lehmann (1973), Anglo-Jewish Bibliography, 1937–1970, Jewish Historical Society of England
- David Soetendorp (2003). "A Generation Confronting the Loss of Community". European Judaism 36.
- Anne J. Kershen and Jonathan A. Romain, Tradition and Change – A History of Reform Judaism in Britain 1840–1995, London: Vallentine Mitchell, 1995, p.181
- Tony Bayfield (18 June 2007). "Sixty Years Young: Sermon given at Bournemouth Reform Synagogue's 60th Anniversary Service, Saturday 16th June 2007". Movement for Reform Judaism. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- Diamond Jubilee 1947–2007 booklet
- The Bournemouth Reform Synagogue website
- Encyclopaedia Judaica, Volume 14, Jerusalem, 1972, 27 "Reform Judaism"
- See Lawrence A. Hoffman, ReThinking Synagogues – a New Vocabulary for Congregational Life, Jewish Lights Publishing, 2006, Chapter 3 – "Telling the Story"
- Hoffman, ibid. p.54
-  "First Reform Mayor in Bournemouth"
- "The Ritual Forum". Bournmouth Reform Synagogue. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Tu BiSh'vat sermon" (– Scholar search). Movement for Reform Judaism.[dead link]
- Hakol, December 2009, Issue 213, p.25
- The Bournemouth Reform Synagogue website
- The Movement for Reform Judaism
- Bournemouth Reform Synagogue on Jewish Communities and Records – UK (hosted by jewishgen.org).