Bouza Department

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Bouza
Department
Bouza Department location in the region
Bouza Department location in the region
Country Flag of Niger.svg Niger
Region Tahoua Region
Departmental Bouza
Area
 • Total 3,777 km2 (1,458 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 386,093
Time zone GMT 1 (UTC+1)

Bouza is a department of the Tahoua Region in Niger. Its capital lies at the city of Bouza, and also includes the town of Déoulé. As of 2011, the department had a total population of 386,093 people.[1]

Culture and situation[edit]

Bouza Department is in a largely Hausa speaking area, which has become in the last century an area of marginal agriculture. There are also populations of Fula and Tuareg peoples who traditionally engage in nomadic and semi-nomadic animal husbandry: the Fula Woadabe with cattle and the Turaeg largely with camel. The major highway of the region, completed in the 1970s, bypassed Bouza to the west, heading south from Regional capitol Tahoua to the large southern city of Birni-N'Konni near the Nigerian border. The major (unpaved) road in the area -- RN16 runs through Bouza town from Madaoua to the south to Keita in the north, before reaching Tahoua in the northwest of the Region.[2]

Soil degradation, desertification, and poverty have meant that much of the young male population are involved in seasonal work outside the area, either in the south, Niamey, in other areas of West or North Africa. One side effect of this has left areas of Bouza Department vulnerable to HIV transmission. International Red Cross and Care International studies refer to one area of the department as the "Valley of the Widows", so high is the rate of young male mortality from HIV - AIDS.[3] Because of the poverty of the area, Bouza region was especially hard hit in the 2005 Niger food crisis,[4] and has been reported as a center of ongoing Cholera[5] and childhood malnutrition.[6]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 14°25′N 6°02′E / 14.417°N 6.033°E / 14.417; 6.033