Bouza Department location in the region
|• Total||3,777 km2 (1,458 sq mi)|
|Time zone||GMT 1 (UTC+1)|
Bouza is a department of the Tahoua Region in Niger. Its capital lies at the city of Bouza, and also includes the town of Déoulé. As of 2011, the department had a total population of 386,093 people.
Culture and situation
Bouza Department is in a largely Hausa speaking area, which has become in the last century an area of marginal agriculture. There are also populations of Fula and Tuareg peoples who traditionally engage in nomadic and semi-nomadic animal husbandry: the Fula Woadabe with cattle and the Turaeg largely with camel. The major highway of the region, completed in the 1970s, bypassed Bouza to the west, heading south from Regional capitol Tahoua to the large southern city of Birni-N'Konni near the Nigerian border. The major (unpaved) road in the area -- RN16 runs through Bouza town from Madaoua to the south to Keita in the north, before reaching Tahoua in the northwest of the Region.
Soil degradation, desertification, and poverty have meant that much of the young male population are involved in seasonal work outside the area, either in the south, Niamey, in other areas of West or North Africa. One side effect of this has left areas of Bouza Department vulnerable to HIV transmission. International Red Cross and Care International studies refer to one area of the department as the "Valley of the Widows", so high is the rate of young male mortality from HIV - AIDS. Because of the poverty of the area, Bouza region was especially hard hit in the 2005 Niger food crisis, and has been reported as a center of ongoing Cholera and childhood malnutrition.
- "Annuaires_Statistiques". Institut National de la Statistique du Niger. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- Projet d’aménagement des routes Tibiri-Dakoro et Madaoua-Bouza-Tahoua. Banque Ouest-Africaine de Développement (BOAD) / République du Niger. OCIN Aprasial of funding, 2006.
- HIV/AIDS and Poverty: CARE International Mata Masu Dubara (Women on the Move): Microcredit and Health Education for HIV/AIDS -Affected Women in Niger, INTERNATIONAL SERVICE PROGRAM, funded by the Zonta International Foundation,2004-2006 PROJECTS.
- WHO Emergency Health Program for the Food crises in Niger Situation Report # 2. 15–22 August 2005
- WHO $ 1.3 million appeal to help meet Niger's health needs, World Health Organisation, 10 Aug 2005
- Niger: International Activity Report, 2007 December 13, 2007, Médecins Sans Frontières