Berkeley Landmark #120
Bowles Hall as seen from the southern, front side.
|Architect||George W. Kelham|
|Governing body||University of California, Berkeley|
|NRHP Reference #||89000195|
|Added to NRHP||March 16, 1989|
|Designated BERKL||October 17, 1988|
Bowles Hall is an all-male residence dormitory at the University of California, Berkeley, known for its unique traditions, parties, and camaraderie. Designed by George W. Kelham, the dormitory was the first residence hall on campus, dedicated in 1929, and was California's first state-owned dormitory. It was built in 1928 on a $350,000 grant by Mary McNear Bowles in memory of her husband, Cal alumnus and UC Regent Phillip E. Bowles. Mr. Bowles was said to have three loves: horses, horticulture and the University of California. The Bowles family is said to have lost its fortune during the Depression.
The Hall displays appearance of a medieval castle, with a stone exterior and a wood entryway. Although a University-operated residence hall, its male-only tradition, classic facade, partitioned four-man rooms, and community facilities give it a social fraternity atmosphere. Bowlesmen have traditionally been a tight-knit group of students who regularly practice various traditions and rituals that are exclusive to the Hall. In the 1980s, it was listed in the National Register of Historic Places, an example of the style of architecture called 'Collegiate Gothic'. The building is still being used as an all-men's residence, although some traditions have not survived.
Designed by George W. Kelham, the building has eight levels comprising two-room suites and a common room (originally designed to house two, but now housing four). The Julien and Helen Hart Memorial Library was added to the building in 1939 through the gift of Professor James D. Hart, their son, and Mrs. Joseph Bransten, their daughter. Dr. Hart was a professor of English and the editor of the Oxford Handbook of American Literature. After retirement, he ran the Bancroft Library. Bowles Hall also has the distinction of sitting right on top of the Hayward Fault.
In order to avoid having the aging residence hall dismantled in the late 1980s, the Bowlesmen successfully petitioned to have the building added to the National Register of Historic Places (#89000195, 1989), thereby saving it for future generations.
Bowles Hall drinking song
Traditionally the Cal Band parades from nearby Memorial Stadium through the campus and streets of Berkeley after a home football game. The band will play in front of Bowles Hall during their tour, playing "By" for the Bowlesmen. The tradition of playing "By" for Bowles Hall is said to have begun back when the entire football team lived there. The band would play for the players as they walked back to their dorm after the game. However, when the football team was relocated, the band decided not to play in front of Bowles Hall. Subsequently, some of the men of Bowles lay down in the road, blocking the Cal Band from playing, until the band was forced to oblige them. Thus, the tradition of the Cal Band playing for the men of Bowles after a home football game has persisted to this day.
We're the men of Bowles Association,
Coming here from over all the nation.
Drinking here together one and all,
We lift our voices loud for Bowles Hall!
Here's to Bowles Association.
Drink it down and then,
Drink a toast to home sweet home,
Of California men. Rah! Rah! Rah!
Fill your glasses to the brim,
And lift them in the air.
And drink a toast to Bowles Association,
And the Golden Bear.
Men of Bowles are gathered here together,
Toasting everything from girls to weather.
But the very greatest toast of all,
Is the one that we now give to Bowles Hall!
--Joseph Ehrman III, 1948
The UC administration attempted to dismantle Bowles Hall and build a new residence hall in its place, but this was deterred when Bowles Hall was entered into the National Register of Historic Places. In April 2001, food service in the dining hall was ended and the dining room made into a generic "recreation room." The dining hall had previously hosted popular barbecue dinners on Friday evenings.
In the fall of 2006, the Haas School of Business was planning to turn Bowles into an educational center and conference facility, but the university backed down from that decision. At about this time, a group of Bowles alumni formed the Bowles Hall Alumni Association, and then the Bowles Hall Foundation, with the aim of establishing Bowles Hall as a modern residential college.
In the spring of 2014, the Regents of the University of California approved a plan that enables the Bowles Hall Foundation, a 501c(3) entity, to renovate and operate Bowles Hall as a residential college under a 45 year lease. Construction design was begun in May, 2014, with completion planned by May, 2015. The 2014-15 academic year will be the last year that Bowles operates under the jurisdiction of the UC Housing Office. The Hall will close in May, 2015, and extensive renovations will be carried out, with a scheduled completion date of July, 2016. That will allow one month for refurnishing the building before new residents move in at the start of the 2016 fall semester.
The mission and vision of the Bowles Hall Foundation is to re-establish the Bowles Hall experience in a restored Bowles Hall—breathing life back into a noble dream of a robust residential experience for undergraduate students at UC Berkeley and restoring key aspects of the residential college model and the rich heritage of Bowles Hall, including:
- A self-governed, co-ed residential college academic community of UCB undergraduate and graduate students, emeritus and active faculty, Bowles Hall alumni, BHRC Fellows (selected UCB faculty members) and invited members of the Bay Area community
- Academic support, career counseling and professional direction to enable BHRC student members to achieve their maximum academic potential in an environment conducive to high personal performance
- A focus on achieving a higher four-year graduation rate than the campus at large, thereby reducing student expenses and loans and increasing the throughput of the University while preparing the student to excel in advanced professional education and careers
- On-site dining (the center of the community)
- Financially self-funding, requiring no funds from the University or taxpayers and demonstrating the potential of a lower-cost, higher-function, self-funding collegiate housing model, with an endowment fund that will support the future people, programs and equipment/maintenance needs of the Hall
Working with a cadre of talented alumni, faculty and student volunteers and selected experienced consultants, we have developed a feasible, self-sustaining plan to completely renovate and refurnish Bowles Hall, with features desired by today’s students, and re-establish the Bowles Hall Residential College experience.
- Norman Mineta - United States Secretary of Transportation (2001–2006)
- Les Richter - Pro Football Hall of Fame linebacker for the Los Angeles Rams
- John Tuggle - Former professional player (New York Giants 1983)
- Gale Gilbert - Former professional football quarterback
- David Cudaback, Astronomer (1929–2006)
- "Berkely Landmarks". Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- Harvey Helfand (2002). The Campus Guides: University of California Berkeley. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 257. ISBN 1-56898-293-3.
- "Bowles Halloween Party Nixed By School". Daily Californian. October 19, 2004. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Bowles Hall Halloween Bash Results In Arrests". Daily Californian. November 3, 2003. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Castle with a Thousand Tales". Daily Californian. September 16, 1996. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Bowlesmen Are More Than Boys". Caliber Magazine. Nov 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Bowles Hall History". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Philip E. Bowles". Alameda County Biography. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Maffei, Joe; Redmond, Lucy; Burton, John (2009). "Evaluation and Retrofit for Fault Rupture: UC Berkeley, Bowles Hall". pp. 1281–1294. doi:10.1061/41084(364)118.
- "National Register #89000195 Bowles Hall". National Register of Historic Places in Alameda County, California. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Berkeley Landmarks - U. C. Campus". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Bowles Hall Drinking Song". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Dining Commons at Bowles Shut Down". Daily Californian. May 8, 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- DelVecchio, Rick (February 22, 2007). "Battle of Bowles Hall -- tradition vs. money / UC business school sees cash cow in transforming historic boys dorm into site for executive training center". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications Inc.). Retrieved 2013-01-14.
- The Daily Californian[dead link]
- Delvecchio, Rick (2007-07-15). "BERKELEY / UC backs down on plan to convert dorm". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Brenneman, Richard (January 30, 2007). "Famous Bowles Alum Picks Residence Hall Over Haas Plans for Landmark". The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- Sanders, Robert (February 8, 2011). "Les Richter Finally to NFL Hall of Fame". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Finn, Robert (September 14, 1986). "Tuggle's Fight Against Time". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Sanders, Robert (Avid astronomer, teacher David Cudaback has died). "Avid astronomer, teacher David Cudaback has died". Retrieved 2012-12-09. Check date values in:
- Boys and Girls (2000) - IMDb
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bowles Hall.|
- Bowles Hall Web Site
- Bowles Hall Alumni Association and Bowles Hall Foundation
- Bowles Hall Drinking Song
- Castle With a Thousand Tales[dead link]
- National Register of Historic Places, Alameda County
- Berkeley Landmarks