Bowling Green, Ohio

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Bowling Green, Ohio
City
South Main Street, as seen from the intersection of Main and Wooster in Bowling Green.
South Main Street, as seen from the intersection of Main and Wooster in Bowling Green.
Official seal of Bowling Green, Ohio
Seal
Nickname(s): BG, Pull Town, USA
Location in Ohio
Location in Ohio
Coordinates: 41°22′26″N 83°39′3″W / 41.37389°N 83.65083°W / 41.37389; -83.65083Coordinates: 41°22′26″N 83°39′3″W / 41.37389°N 83.65083°W / 41.37389; -83.65083
Country United States
State Ohio
County Wood
incorporated 1901[1]
Government
 • Type "Mayor-Administrator"[2]
 • Mayor Dick Edwards[2]
 • Municipal Administrator John Fawcett[3]
Area[4]
 • City 12.61 sq mi (32.66 km2)
 • Land 12.56 sq mi (32.53 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)  0.40%
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)[6]
 • City 30,028
 • Estimate (2012[7]) 31,384
 • Density 2,390.8/sq mi (923.1/km2)
 • Metro 651,429[5]
  census
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 43402,43403
Area code(s) 419, 567
FIPS code 39-07972[8]
GNIS feature ID 1048538[9]
Website http://www.bgohio.org

Bowling Green is a city in and the county seat of Wood County, Ohio, United States.[10] The population was 30,028 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Toledo Metropolitan Area and a member of the Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments.[11] Bowling Green is the home of Bowling Green State University. A CSX line runs through town.

History[edit]

Bowling Green was first settled in 1832, was incorporated as a town in 1855, and became a city in 1901. Bowling Green was settled by the families of Booth, Hartman, Hollington, Mackie, Manville, Martindale, Maule, Moore, Richards, Shively, St. Johns, Stauffer, Thurstin, Tracy, and Walker. With the discovery of oil in the late 19th and early 20th century, Bowling Green experienced a boom. The wealth can still be seen in the downtown storefronts, and along Wooster Street, where many of the oldest and largest homes were built.[12] A new county courthouse was also constructed in the 1890s, and a Neoclassical post office was erected in 1913.[13] This period was followed by an expansion of the automobile industry. In late 1922 or early 1923, Coats Steam Car moved to the area, but eventually went out of business. According to the BGSU library and an exhaustive study by a History Teaching Fellow, the 1920s brought a chapter of the Ku Klux Klan to the city that flourished until the mid-1930s.[citation needed]

The film Bowling Green This is Your City was made in 1959 and tells a part of the history of Bowling Green as well as showing the viewer around the town.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.61 square miles (32.66 km2), of which 12.56 square miles (32.53 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[4]

Transportation[edit]

  • A public demand response bus service is operated by the city through B.G. Transit.[14]
  • Bowling Green State University offers shuttle services via its own buses with routes throughout campus and the downtown area.[15]
  • Bowling Green is linked to North Baltimore via a 13 mile bike route called the Slippery Elm Trail, with East Broadway Street in North Baltimore on the south end and Sand Ridge Road in Bowling Green on the north end.[16]
  • Supercabin Bowling Green, is a popular taxi service for many students attending Bowling Green State University.[citation needed]

Energy policy[edit]

A wind turbine outside of Bowling Green, Ohio.

Bowling Green is home to Ohio's first utility-sized wind farm.[17] In total, Bowling Green is home to four turbines that are each 257 feet tall. These turbines generate up to 7.2 megawatts of power, which is enough to supply electricity for some 3,000 residents. Located about six miles from the city, the turbines can be seen for miles and have become a local attraction.[18] At the site of the turbines, a solar-powered kiosk provides information for visitors, including current information on wind speeds and the amount of energy being produced by the turbines.

Through the city's Municipal Utilities office, residents can request that their power come from green energy. The current[when?] power cost adjustment is $.009 per KWH.[citation needed]

However, Bowling Green's green credentials were damaged in 2008, when the city signed a power contract with AMP-Ohio to help build a 960-megawatt coal-fired power plant in Meigs County, Ohio. Several large environmental groups, including Sierra Club, the Natural Resources Defense Council, and the Ohio Environmental Council, opposed the building of a coal-fired power plant due to the pollution it would cause. In late 2009, AMP canceled the project, citing an estimated 37% increase in cost to more than $3 billion.[19]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 906
1880 1,539 69.9%
1890 3,467 125.3%
1900 5,067 46.1%
1910 5,222 3.1%
1920 5,788 10.8%
1930 6,688 15.5%
1940 7,190 7.5%
1950 12,005 67.0%
1960 13,574 13.1%
1970 21,760 60.3%
1980 25,745 18.3%
1990 28,176 9.4%
2000 29,636 5.2%
2010 30,028 1.3%
Est. 2012[20] 31,384 4.5%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 30,028 people, 11,288 households, and 4,675 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,390.8 inhabitants per square mile (923.1/km2). There were 12,301 housing units at an average density of 979.4 per square mile (378.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.6% White, 6.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.[citation needed]

There were 11,288 households of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 58.6% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.82.[citation needed]

The median age in the city was 23.2 years. 12.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 43.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.5% were from 25 to 44; 15.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.[citation needed]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 29,636 people, 10,266 households, and 4,434 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,919.0 people per square mile (1,127.3/km²). There were 10,667 housing units at an average density of 1,050.6 per square mile (405.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.84% White, 2.82% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.48% of the population.[citation needed]

There were 10,266 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were people living alone, including 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21, and the average family size was 2.84.[citation needed]

In the city the population was spread out with 13.1% under the age of 18, 46.6% from 18 to 24, 19.5% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.[citation needed]

The median income for a household in the city was $30,599, and the median income for a family was $51,804. Males had a median income of $33,619 versus $25,364 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,032. About 8.0% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[citation needed]

Cultural events[edit]

Black Swamp Arts Festival[edit]

Every September, the Black Swamp Arts Festival takes place in Bowling Green. Started in 1993, the festival has grown in size and prestige. It has been ranked in the top 100 shows by Sunshine Artists Magazine for the past four years[when?].

The name Black Swamp was chosen for the festival because it is a common term for this area of the state. The Great Black Swamp, which was drained near the end of the 1800s to make farming possible, extended from Lake Erie to Indiana. It was the last area of Ohio to be settled. Bowling Green is the largest city now in the remnants of this vast wetland.

Main Street is closed to traffic for the festival, and artists from around the country display and sell a variety of artwork. There are also musical performances, children's activities, and food. The festival has grown to include over 100 juried artists, 50 local/invitational artists, four live music stages, youth arts, acts of art, and concessions. Numerous types of music, including blues, jazz, and rock, are heard from the main stage. The Festival has a reputation for booking a diverse and entertaining musical line up. The Main Stage features national and international touring bands of all genres. The Black Swamp Arts Festival attracts 40,000 art and music fans to Bowling Green.

National Tractor Pulling championships[edit]

Bowling Green has hosted the National Tractor Pulling Championships since 1967. This annual event, one of the largest in the nation, is held at the Wood County Fairgrounds and draws an estimated 60,000 people. The Fairgrounds is located along Poe Road between Haskins Road (State Route 64) and Brim Road.

Wood County Fair[edit]

Every year Bowling Green hosts the Wood County Fair, a week-long festival that begins shortly before or after the end of July. The fairgrounds are located off Poe Road between Haskins and Brim. Main Events include: Tractor Pull, Altered Farm stock Trackor Pull, Antique Tractor Pull, Mule Pull, Semi-Truck Pull, Youth Parade, Demolition/Combine Derby, Catch-a-pig, Cheerleading Competition, Harness Racing, and the annual Country Music Concert. Another special event is quilt day. Special Days like Senior Citizen day or DARE day allow discounted tickets.

Country singers who have performed at the Wood Country Fair:

Phil Vassar and Miranda Lambert (2006)
Tracy Lawrence and Josh Turner (2007)
Jason Michael Carroll and Billy Currington (2008)
Little Big Town (2009)
Kenny Rogers (2010)
Gretchen Wilson (2012)

Winterfest[edit]

Similar to other winter cities, Bowling Green hosts an annual event for three days in February to celebrate winter, snow, and cold weather activities. Winterfest in Bowling Green centers around the rich ice skating and ice hockey traditions of the town.[21] Winterfest events are held all over Bowling Green, and on and off campus of Bowling Green State University. Notable events include curling, carriage rides, ice sculptures, and live entertainment, plus BGSU Athletic events such as hockey and basketball games and figure skating exhibition with local stars such as Scott Hamilton.[22]

Education[edit]

Primary education

Public elementary schools of the Bowling Green City School District include Kenwood Elementary, Conneaut Elementary and Crim Elementary.[23] Ridge Elementary was closed in 2013[24][25] and Milton Elementary was closed in 2011.[25] Two private primary schools, Bowling Green Christian Academy and the Montessori School of Bowling Green, and one parochial, St. Aloysius, also call Bowling Green home. The Bowling Green Early Childhood Learning Center (Montessori) offers kindergarten and Plan, Do, Talk goes up to grade three.

Secondary education

Post-secondary education

Newspapers[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Television station[edit]

Notable people[edit]

[27]

Sister cities[edit]

Bowling Green has a Sister City relationship with the City of St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bgohio.org/history.html Retrieved December 31, 2006.
  2. ^ a b "The City of Bowling Green, Ohio". Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2006. 
  3. ^ http://www.bgohio.org/administrator/index.html Retrieved December 31, 2006.
  4. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "CPH-T-5. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". census.gov. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder - Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  7. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  11. ^ "TOLEDO METROPOLITAN AREA COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENTS MEMBERSHIP". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  12. ^ Early History of Bowling Green, Ohio
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  14. ^ http://www.bgohio.org/departments/municipal-administrator/grants-administration/public-transportation
  15. ^ http://www.bgsu.edu/parking-services/shuttle-routes.html
  16. ^ "Wood County Park District". Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "Ohio's First Commercial Wind Farm". Green Energy Ohio. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  18. ^ "Ohio gov blows hard with wind-powered energy". Environment Ohio. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  19. ^ "AMP-Ohio abandons plans for coal plant". American City Business Journals. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  20. ^ Bowling Green (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  21. ^ Montessori preps for celebration - Sentinel-Tribune | Sentinel-Tribune | Sentinel-Tribune | Montessori, School, Comments, Staff
  22. ^ Medalist's return warms fans' hearts - and Hamilton's - Toledo Blade
  23. ^ "Bowling Green City Schools :: Schools". Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  24. ^ Alusheff, Alex (7 October 2013). "Bowling Green City Council buys Ridge Elementary to convert to park". The BG News. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  25. ^ a b Rice, Laura (17 May 2011). "BG City Schools to close two schools, cut no teachers". North West Ohio. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  26. ^ http://www.toledoblade.com/Education/2014/09/10/Local-college-enrollment-declines.html
  27. ^ http://robertbone.com

External links[edit]