|Vertical section of human cornea from near the margin. (Waldeyer.) Magnified.
2. Anterior elastic lamina.
3. substantia propria.
4. Posterior elastic lamina.
5. Endothelium of the anterior chamber.
a. Oblique fibers in the anterior layer of the substantia propria.
b. Lamellæ the fibers of which are cut across, producing a dotted appearance.
c. Corneal corpuscles appearing fusiform in section.
d. Lamellæ the fibers of which are cut longitudinally.
e. Transition to the sclera, with more distinct fibrillation, and surmounted by a thicker epithelium.
f. Small bloodvessels cut across near the margin of the cornea.
|Latin||l. limitans anterior corneae|
|Gray's||subject #225 1008|
The Bowman's membrane (Bowman's layer, anterior limiting lamina, anterior elastic lamina) is a smooth layer in the eye. It is located between the superficial epithelium and the stroma in the cornea. It is composed of strong collagen fibers and helps the cornea maintain its shape. If the Bowman's membrane is damaged, scarring will normally occur.
In adult humans this layer is 8-12 μm thick.
Bowman's layer, which (in mammals) is found only in primates, is absent in cats, dogs, mice, and other carnivores.
Part of the tissue ablated by the Photorefractive keratectomy refractive surgery (commonly known as PRK) is the Bowman membrane; the section of the membrane ablated in the procedure is lost forever.
See also 
- Hogan MJ, Alvarado JA, Weddell E: Histology of the Human Eye. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1971
- Merindano MD; Costa J; Canals M; Potau JM, and Ruano D. "A comparative study of Bowman's layer in some mammals: Relationships with other constituent corneal structures." European Journal of Anatomy. Volume 6, Number 3, December 2002.
- BU Histology Learning System: 08002loa
- Diagram at sheinman.com
- Diagram at cornea_crosssection_en.jpg
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