Bowmore distillery

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Coordinates: 55°45′25.7″N 6°17′23.44″W / 55.757139°N 6.2898444°W / 55.757139; -6.2898444

Bowmore
Morrison Bowmore, Islay.jpg
Region: Islay
Owner Suntory
Founded 1779
Status Operational
Water source River Laggan, Islay
Number of stills 2 wash
2 spirit
Capacity 1,700,000 L
Bowmore
Age(s) Legend
12-year-old
15-year-old
18-year-old
25-year-old
Cask type(s) American Oak (86%)
Sherry (14%)

Bowmore (/bˈmɔr/ BOH-mor[citation needed]) is a distillery that produces scotch whisky on the isle of Islay, an island of the Inner Hebrides.[1] The distillery, which lies on the South Eastern shore of Loch Indaal, is one of the oldest in Scotland and is said to have been established in 1779.[1] The distillery is owned by Morrison Bowmore Distillers Ltd, a holding company owned by Japanese drinks company Suntory. Morrison Bowmore also own the Auchentoshan and Glen Garioch distilleries and produce the McClelland's Single Malt range of bottlings.[1]

History[edit]

The Bowmore Distillery was established in 1779 by a local merchant, John P. Simpson, before passing into the ownership of the Mutter family, a family of German descent.[1] James Mutter, head of the family, also had farming interests and was Vice Consul representing the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, and Brazil through their Glasgow consulates.[1] There are no records that pinpoint the date Mutter acquired the distillery from Simpson. Mutter would introduce a number of innovative processes to the distillery during his tenure and even had a small iron steam ship built to import barley and coal from the mainland and to export the whisky to Glasgow.[1] A bottle of 1850 Bowmore Single Malt was sold at an auction in September 2007 for £29,400.[2]

The distillery was bought from the Mutter family in 1925 by J.B. Sheriff & Co. and remained under their ownership until being purchased by Inverness-based William Grigor & Son, Ltd. in 1950.[1]

During the World Wars the Bowmore Distillery halted production, and hosted the RAF Coastal Command for much of World War II, Coastal Command operated flying boats from Loch Indaal on Anti-submarine warfare missions.[1]

Stanley P. Morrison and James Howat formed Stanley P. Morrison Ltd. in 1951, and this company formed Morrison's Bowmore Distillery, Ltd. in 1963 in order to take over the Bowmore Distillery. Stanley P. Morrison died in 1971, and control of the companies passed to Brian Morrison.[1] The company name has changed slightly, and, following minor restructuring, the distillery is now owned by Morrison Bowmore Distillers Ltd., which is ultimately owned by the Japanese distiller Suntory, following their takeover of Morrison Bowmore Distillers Ltd. during 1994. Suntory had previously been a shareholder in Morrison Bowmore for several years.[3]

Production[edit]

Bowmore Distillery sources as much barley as possible from on the island of Islay, but there are insufficient quantities produced to satisfy the distillery's demand, so barley is also imported from the mainland. The distillery retains a traditional floor malting, but this also lacks sufficient capacity; the barley imported from the mainland is normally already malted.[1][3]

The distillery has an annual capacity of 2,000,000 litres, with fermentation undertaken in traditional wooden washbacks before the liquid is passed through two wash stills and then through two spirit stills.[3][4]

The waste heat from the distillation process goes to heat a nearby public swimming pool that was built in one of the distillery's former warehouses.[4][5]

Morrison Bowmore bottles all whisky produced at Bowmore Distillery and their other distilleries at a facility in Springburn, Glasgow.[6]

Products[edit]

Bowmore 12 Year, 750ml bottle

Standard Range[7]

Bowmore Legend
  • Bowmore Legend
  • Bowmore 12 Year Old
  • Bowmore 15 Year Old
  • Bowmore 18 Year Old
  • Bowmore 25 Year Old

Travel Retail[7]

  • Bowmore Surf
  • Bowmore 12 Years Enigma
  • Bowmore 15 Years Mariner
  • Bowmore 17 Year Old
  • Bowmore Cask Strength
  • Bowmore 100 Degrees Proof

USA Range[8]

  • Bowmore 12 Year Old
  • Bowmore 15 Year Old
  • Bowmore 17 Year Old
  • Bowmore 25 Year Old
  • Bowmore 30 Year Old
  • Bowmore Cask
  • Bowmore Dawn
  • Bowmore Dusk
  • Bowmore Darkest
  • Bowmore Legend

Bowmore also produce a number of special edition bottlings and market-specific bottlings. Independent bottlings are also readily available.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Morrice, Philip. The Schweppes Guide To Scotch. Sherborne, Dorest, England: Alphabooks. pp. 340–342. ISBN 0-906670-29-2. 
  2. ^ "Rare Scotch whisky tops world record auction price". Agence France-Presse (Google). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  3. ^ a b c Milroy, Wallace. The Original Malt Whisky Almanac - A Taster's Guide. Glasgow, Scotland: Neil Wilson Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-897784-68-6. 
  4. ^ a b "Bowmore Distillery - The Distilleries of Scotland". scotchwhisky.net. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  5. ^ "Bowmore - Isle of Islay administrative capital". Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  6. ^ "House of Commons - Scottish Affairs - Minutes of Evidence". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 2004-04-28. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Product Range - Bowmore Single Malt Scotch Whisky". bowmore.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-09-10. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  8. ^ "Product Range - Bowmore Scotch". bowmorescotch.com. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 

External links[edit]