Bowral

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Bowral
New South Wales
Bowral 1.jpg
Bowral Railway Station
Bowral is located in New South Wales
Bowral
Bowral
Coordinates 34°28′45″S 150°25′5″E / 34.47917°S 150.41806°E / -34.47917; 150.41806Coordinates: 34°28′45″S 150°25′5″E / 34.47917°S 150.41806°E / -34.47917; 150.41806
Population 12,154 (2011)[1]
Established 1861
Postcode(s) 2576
Elevation 690 m (2,264 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Wingecarribee Shire
Region Southern Highlands
State electorate(s) Goulburn
Federal Division(s) Throsby
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.7 °C
66 °F
7.8 °C
46 °F
905.5 mm
35.6 in
Localities around Bowral:
Mittagong
Berrima Bowral East Bowral
Burradoo

Bowral /ˈbrəl/[2] is the largest town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, and the main business and entertainment precinct of the Wingecarribee Shire and Highlands. As of 2011 the population numbered 12,154.

In a past era, Bowral served as a rural retreat for the elite gentry of Sydney, resulting in the establishment of many historic estates and manor houses in the district. Today, Bowral is universally associated with the cricketer Sir Donald Bradman.

Bowral is close to several other historic towns, being 5 kilometres (3 mi) from Mittagong, 9 kilometres (6 mi) from both Moss Vale and Berrima. The suburb of East Bowral and the village of Burradoo are nearby.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Bowral

Etymology[edit]

Bowral and the former spelling Bowrall.[3] may have been derived from an Aboriginal word meaning "high and large".[4]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Bowral had a population of 12,154.[1] In the 21st century, Bowral has become a haven for retirees and empty nesters, commonly from Sydney: 15% of Bowral's population is aged 55–64 years (compared with the national average of 11.6%) and 29% is aged over 64 years (compared with the national average of 14%).[1] Consequently, the town has a number of retirement villages,[5] some located only minutes' walk from the central business district and hospitals. Also, as measured during the 2011 census, 42.4% of the town's population are under the age of 45, whereas for the nation the figure is 60.7%.[1]

Transportation[edit]

Bowral is about 5 kilometres (3 mi) from the Hume Highway, which goes north to Sydney and south to Canberra, the Snowy Mountains and Melbourne. In the past, Bowral served as an overnight stop-over for travellers.

Bowral railway station is served by the Southern Highlands Line with services between Sydney and Moss Vale or Goulburn. Long distance services operate to Canberra and Melbourne.

It has public bus routes to Nowra, Albion Park and Wollongong. A private operator provides a service six days a week from Bowral to Greater Sydney (Campbelltown, Liverpool and Parramatta) and to the Shoalhaven and south coast of New South Wales.

Climate[edit]

Bowral enjoys warm summers and quite cool to cold winters. Frost is common during winter although temperatures rarely fall below −5 degrees Celsius. Snow falls most winters, but settles less frequently and normally only for a few hours, although falls in excess of 15 cm have been recorded.

Climate data for Bowral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.0
(104)
39.1
(102.4)
35.7
(96.3)
31.5
(88.7)
25.5
(77.9)
20.1
(68.2)
20.3
(68.5)
23.8
(74.8)
29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
38.0
(100.4)
37.2
(99)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
24.4
(75.9)
22.4
(72.3)
19.3
(66.7)
15.4
(59.7)
12.4
(54.3)
11.5
(52.7)
13.4
(56.1)
16.3
(61.3)
19.0
(66.2)
21.4
(70.5)
23.8
(74.8)
18.7
(65.7)
Average low °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
13.5
(56.3)
11.6
(52.9)
8.1
(46.6)
5.3
(41.5)
3.4
(38.1)
2.0
(35.6)
3.1
(37.6)
5.2
(41.4)
7.6
(45.7)
9.7
(49.5)
11.6
(52.9)
7.9
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
−2.2
(28)
−6.3
(20.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.1
(21)
−5.7
(21.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.2
(28)
−1.4
(29.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 81.9
(3.224)
99.7
(3.925)
93.1
(3.665)
76.4
(3.008)
70.4
(2.772)
84.9
(3.343)
46.1
(1.815)
56.3
(2.217)
56.2
(2.213)
71.9
(2.831)
93.7
(3.689)
74.8
(2.945)
905.5
(35.65)
Avg. precipitation days 13.5 13.4 13.4 11.1 11.2 11.3 10.0 9.4 10.2 11.8 13.6 12.5 141.4
 % humidity 57 64 61 61 65 68 64 56 54 56 60 56 60
Source: [6]

Tourist attractions[edit]

The Bradman Oval, pavilion and museum at Bowral, NSW
Tulip Time

Bowral is the best known of the towns and villages of the Southern Highlands and is noted for its boutiques, antique stores, gourmet restaurants and cafés.

The Bradman Oval and International Cricket Hall of Fame are dedicated to the achievements of cricketer Sir Donald Bradman and to the game of cricket.

Bowral is the setting for Tulip Time,[7] a springtime celebration with a profusion of tulips and other flowers planted in the town centre. Held each year in September and October, Tulip Time has become one of Australia's leading floral festivals, alongside which gardening enthusiasts may view some of the nation's most beautiful formal gardens.[8] A comprehensive private not-for-profit botanic garden is being established to include a mix of exotic, native, and endemic species including a shale woodland, the endangered ecological community endemic to the site.[9]

The town has a Vietnam War Memorial and Cherry Tree Walk, constructed along the Mittagong Rivulet that flows through the town. Along a walking/cycle track beside the stream are planted 526 cherry trees, each dedicated to a soldier who died in the service of his country.[10]

Bowral and surrounding region was proclaimed a Booktown in 2000[11] having numerous bookshops and associations with many literary figures including P. L. Travers, the author of the Mary Poppins novels,[12] Arthur Upfield, and many others.[13]

Panoramic view of Bowral from the Bowral Lookout on Mount Gibraltar. Moss Vale and the ranges near Bundanoon can be seen in the background.

The Bong Bong Picnic Races, commenced in 1886, attracted crowds of up to 35,000 but were suspended in 1985 and resumed in 1992 as a members-only event. The event still attracts around 5,000 people and is held annually in November,[14] as well as other events during the year.

Bowral is also home to a few vineyards and cellar doors and is close to Mittagong, the winery centre of the Southern Highlands. There are 60 vineyards in the Southern Highlands, which is a recognised cool-climate wine district. Wineries around Bowral are listed in the Southern Highlands Wineries Index.[15]

Bowral is overshadowed by Mount Gibraltar, which rises to 863 metres (2,831 ft) above sea level and has lookouts over Bowral, Mittagong, Moss Vale and the ranges near Bundanoon.

Hospitals[edit]

Schools[edit]

Schools in Bowral:

Churches[edit]

Churches in Bowral:

Past and present notable residents of Bowral[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bowral". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ okTravel – Bowral Profile
  4. ^ "Bowral". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  5. ^ Retirement villages in Bowral at Villages.com.au directory
  6. ^ "Climate statistics for Bowral (Parry Drive)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Tulip Time at southern-highlands.com.au
  8. ^ Gardens at southern-highlands.com.au
  9. ^ Southern Highlands Botanic Gardens Accessed 5 September 2013
  10. ^ Cherry Tree Walk Vietnam War Memorial at Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia website
  11. ^ Australasia's First Book Town launched in NSW Southern Highlands March 2000. Media release at Booktown Australia
  12. ^ Mary Poppins birthplace
  13. ^ BOOKtrail Launched in NSW Southern Highlands Media release at Booktown Australia
  14. ^ Bong Bong Picnic Race Club
  15. ^ Southern Highlands Wineries Index at highlandsnsw.com.au
  16. ^ Bowral Hospital

External links[edit]