Boxgrove

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Boxgrove
Boxgrove priory.jpg
Church of St. Mary & St. Blaise
Boxgrove is located in West Sussex
Boxgrove
Boxgrove
 Boxgrove shown within West Sussex
Area  11.69 km2 (4.51 sq mi) [1]
Population 901 [1] 2001 Census
   – density  77 /km2 (200 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU907074
   – London  51 miles (82 km) NNE 
Civil parish Boxgrove
District Chichester
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHICHESTER
Postcode district PO18
Dialling code 01243
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Chichester
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Coordinates: 50°51′33″N 0°42′46″W / 50.85928°N 0.71266°W / 50.85928; -0.71266

Boxgrove is a village and civil parish in the Chichester District of the English county of West Sussex, about five kilometres (3.5 miles) north east of the city of Chichester. The village is just south of the A285 road which follows the line of the Roman road Stane Street.

The parish has an area of 1,169 hectares (2,890 acres). According to the 2001 census it had a population of 901 people living in 423 households of whom 397 were economically active. Included in the parish are the hamlets of Strettington and Halnaker.

Archaeology[edit]

Main article: Boxgrove Quarry

Boxgrove is best known for the Lower Palaeolithic archaeological site discovered in a gravel quarry known as Amey's Eartham Pit located near the village but in Eartham Parish. Parts of the site complex were excavated between 1983 and 1996 by a team led by Mark Roberts of University College London. Numerous Acheulean flint tools and remains of animals (some butchered) dating to around 500,000 years ago were found at the site. The area was therefore used by some of the earliest occupants of the British Isles. Remains of Homo heidelbergensis were found on the site in 1994, the only postcranial hominid bone to have been found in Northern Europe. Teeth from another individual were found two years later.

Boxgrove Priory[edit]

Main article: Boxgrove Priory

A Benedictine monastery was founded at Boxgrove by William de la Haye in 1115. The priory church remains as the Church of England parish church of St. Mary and St. Blaise, minus the original nave, and mostly dates from the 13th century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish". West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Boxgrove at Wikimedia Commons