Boxing at the 2012 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Boxing
at the Games of the XXX Olympiad
Olympic rings without rims.svg
Venue ExCeL Exhibition Centre
Dates 28 July – 12 August
Competitors 286 (250 men, 36 women)
«2008 2016»
Boxing at the
2012 Summer Olympics

Boxing pictogram.svg
Men Women
  49 kg     51 kg  
  52 kg     60 kg  
  56 kg     75 kg  
  60 kg      
  64 kg      
  69 kg      
  75 kg      
  81 kg      
  91 kg      
  +91 kg      
ExCeL Exhibition Centre, the venue for the boxing at the 2012 Olympic Games.

The boxing tournaments at the 2012 Olympic Games in London were held from 28 July to 12 August at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre.[1]

A total of 286 competitors took part in 13 events. For the first time at an Olympic Games, women competed in three boxing events. The first[citation needed] Olympic gold medal in women's boxing was awarded to Nicola Adams from Great Britain, who won the flyweight tournament on 9 August 2012. Great Britain topped the overall boxing medal table with three golds and five in total. Russia won the most medals in boxing, six.

Competition format[edit]

Men competed in the following ten events:

Women's boxing was included in the Olympic programme for the first time, with female boxers able to participate in three events:[2]

Qualifying criteria[edit]

Each National Olympic Committee was permitted to enter up to one athlete in each event. Nine places were reserved for the host nation, Great Britain, from which it chose up to six (five male and one female), while the remaining places were allocated to the Tripartite Invitation Commission. For each athlete from the host nation who qualified through the World Amateur Boxing Championships, the host lost a guaranteed place. Each continent had a quota of places to be filled through the two championships. Asia had 56 spots, the Americas 54, Africa 52, Europe 78 and Oceania 10.[3]

Qualification events were:

Competition schedule[edit]

There will be two sessions of competition on most days of the 2012 Olympics Boxing program, an afternoon session (A), which will start at 13:30 BST (except for 9 August when it will start at 16:30 BST), and an evening session (E), starting at 20:30 BST.[7]

P Preliminary rounds R Round of 16 ¼ Quarterfinals ½ Semifinals F Final
Date → Sat 28 Sun 29 Mon 30 Tue 31 Wed 1 Thu 2 Fri 3 Sat 4 Sun 5 Mon 6 Tue 7 Wed 8 Thu 9 Fri 10 Sat 11 Sun 12
Event ↓ A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E A E E A
Men's light flyweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's flyweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's bantamweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's lightweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's light welterweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's welterweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's middleweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's light heavyweight P R ¼ ½ F
Men's heavyweight R ¼ ½ F
Men's super heavyweight R ¼ ½ F
Women's flyweight R ¼ ½ F
Women's lightweight R ¼ ½ F
Women's middleweight R ¼ ½ F


Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light flyweight
details
 Zou Shiming
China (CHN)
 Kaeo Pongprayoon
Thailand (THA)
 Paddy Barnes
Ireland (IRL)
 David Ayrapetyan
Russia (RUS)
Flyweight
details
 Robeisy Ramírez
Cuba (CUB)
 Nyambayaryn Tögstsogt
Mongolia (MGL)
 Misha Aloyan
Russia (RUS)
 Michael Conlan
Ireland (IRL)
Bantamweight
details
 Luke Campbell
Great Britain (GBR)
 John Joe Nevin
Ireland (IRL)
 Lázaro Álvarez
Cuba (CUB)
 Satoshi Shimizu
Japan (JPN)
Lightweight
details
 Vasyl Lomachenko
Ukraine (UKR)
 Han Soon-Chul
South Korea (KOR)
 Yasniel Toledo
Cuba (CUB)
 Evaldas Petrauskas
Lithuania (LTU)
Light welterweight
details
 Roniel Iglesias
Cuba (CUB)
 Denys Berinchyk
Ukraine (UKR)
 Vincenzo Mangiacapre
Italy (ITA)
 Uranchimegiin Mönkh-Erdene
Mongolia (MGL)
Welterweight
details
 Serik Sapiyev
Kazakhstan (KAZ)
 Fred Evans
Great Britain (GBR)
 Taras Shelestyuk
Ukraine (UKR)
 Andrey Zamkovoy
Russia (RUS)
Middleweight
details
 Ryōta Murata
Japan (JPN)
 Esquiva Falcão
Brazil (BRA)
 Anthony Ogogo
Great Britain (GBR)
 Abbos Atoev
Uzbekistan (UZB)
Light heavyweight
details
 Egor Mekhontsev
Russia (RUS)
 Adilbek Niyazymbetov
Kazakhstan (KAZ)
 Yamaguchi Falcão
Brazil (BRA)
 Oleksandr Hvozdyk
Ukraine (UKR)
Heavyweight
details
 Oleksandr Usyk
Ukraine (UKR)
 Clemente Russo
Italy (ITA)
 Tervel Pulev
Bulgaria (BUL)
 Teymur Mammadov
Azerbaijan (AZE)
Super heavyweight
details
 Anthony Joshua
Great Britain (GBR)
 Roberto Cammarelle
Italy (ITA)
 Magomedrasul Majidov
Azerbaijan (AZE)
 Ivan Dychko
Kazakhstan (KAZ)

Women[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight
details
 Nicola Adams
Great Britain (GBR)
 Ren Cancan
China (CHN)
 Marlen Esparza
United States (USA)
 Mary Kom
India (IND)
Lightweight
details
 Katie Taylor
Ireland (IRL)
 Sofya Ochigava
Russia (RUS)
 Mavzuna Chorieva
Tajikistan (TJK)
 Adriana Araujo
Brazil (BRA)
Middleweight
details
 Claressa Shields
United States (USA)
 Nadezda Torlopova
Russia (RUS)
 Marina Volnova
Kazakhstan (KAZ)
 Li Jinzi
China (CHN)

Medal summary[edit]

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Great Britain 3 1 1 5
2 Ukraine 2 1 2 5
3 Cuba 2 0 2 4
4 Russia 1 2 3 6
5 Ireland 1 1 2 4
Kazakhstan 1 1 2 4
7 China 1 1 1 3
8 Japan 1 0 1 2
8 United States 1 0 1 2
10 Italy 0 2 1 3
11 Brazil 0 1 2 3
12 Mongolia 0 1 1 2
13 South Korea 0 1 0 1
Thailand 0 1 0 1
15 Azerbaijan 0 0 2 2
16 Bulgaria 0 0 1 1
India 0 0 1 1
Lithuania 0 0 1 1
Tajikistan 0 0 1 1
Uzbekistan 0 0 1 1
Total 13 13 26 52

Controversies[edit]

Alleged gold medal fixing[edit]

In September 2011, the BBC Newsnight programme uncovered evidence that $9 million (£5.9 million) worth of secret payments were paid to World Series Boxing (WSB), a subcompany of the International Boxing Association (AIBA), by Azerbaijan in return for two gold medals. The AIBA denied the allegations, stating that the secret payments were a loan from an Azerbaijani investor.[8][9] The AIBA and the International Olympic Committee both started inquiries into the allegations.[10] The AIBA investigation found in December 2011 that the allegations were "groundless and unsupported by any credible evidence."[11]

Refereeing[edit]

There were several controversies and disputes regarding refereeing and officiating at the boxing events in the 2012 Summer Olympics:

Match Controversy
 Magomed Abdulhamidov (AZE) v.
 Satoshi Shimizu (JPN) (Bantamweight)
Azerbaijani boxer Magomed Abdulhamidov, who started the round with a two-point lead, touched the canvas six times[12] in the final round of a bout against Satoshi Shimizu of Japan but still won a decision that included the round being scored 10–10.[13] Referee Ishanguly Meretnyyazov from Turkmenistan waved off all the knockdowns and only gave a single warning. Shimizu and Japan protested and successfully appealed the decision. Meretnyyazov was removed from the pool of Olympic referees "with immediate effect"[14] afterwards.[15] According to the AIBA report of the incident, Abdulhamidov should have been given three standing eight counts and the bout scored as RSC in favor of Shimizu.[12] As the initial decision was announced, Teddy Atlas, working as a commentator for U.S. broadcaster NBC, said: "Unbelievable! That's what the referee wanted to do. He wanted to save that fighter. That's incredible!"[14]
 Ali Mazaheri (IRI) v.
 Jose Larduet (CUB) (Heavyweight)
German referee Frank Scharmach was suspended for five days after the second-round disqualification of Iran heavyweight Ali Mazaheri for holding Cuba's Jose Larduet. Despite the discipline of the referee, the disqualification of Mazaheri stood, as he received three warnings during the bout.[13] At the time of the disqualification, Mazaheri was ahead by two points. He later called the ruling "a setup."[14]
 Sumit Sangwan (IND) v.
 Yamaguchi Falcão (BRA) (Light heavyweight)
The Indian Olympic Committee lodged a protest against the judges decision in the match between Indian boxer Sumit Sangwan and Brazilian Yamaguchi Falcao. The judges awarded the match 15–14 in favour of the Brazilian. ESPN commentators who were surprised by the verdict called it "daylight robbery".[16] However, the protest which was specific to Round 2 of the disputed match was turned down by the jury.[17]
 Vikas Krishan (IND) v.
 Errol Spence (USA) (Welterweight)
AIBA overturned the decision in the match between Indian boxer Vikas Krishnan and American Errol Spence which was initially awarded 13–11 in favour of Vikas Krishnan. The decision was overturned citing the nine holding fouls committed by the Indian boxer in the third round and for spitting out the gumshield intentionally. As the jury's decision was final, no further appeal by the Indians were permitted.[18] India had approached the Court of Arbitration for Sport,[19] but the appeal was rejected.[20]
 Evhen Khytrov (UKR) v.
 Anthony Ogogo (GBR) (Middleweight)
After the judges awarded the middleweight match to Ukranian world number one boxer Yevhen Khytrov and Britain's Anthony Ogogo where both boxers scored 18 points to the British boxer, Ukranian officials lodged an official protest as they felt aggrieved by the decision in the match where the Ukrainian boxer knocked his opponent down twice. As the appeal was rejected, the National Olympic Committee of Ukraine announced that they would appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).[21]
 Vazgen Safaryants (BLR) v.
 Han Soon-Chul (KOR) (Lightweight)
After the match between Belarussian Vazgen Safaryants and South Korea's Han Soon-chul ended 13–13, and as the boxers remained tied on a countback, the judges awarded the match to the South Korean boxer. Subsequently, the coach of the Belarussian boxer appealed against the verdict but the appeal was turned down.[22]
 Manoj Kumar (IND) v.
 Tom Stalker (GBR)
(Light welterweight)
After the judges decision to award the match between British boxing team captain Tom Stalker and Indian boxer Manoj Kumar 20–16 in favour of Stalker, the Indian boxer questioned the scoring: "It's like a district competition where there's lots of cheating, cheating, cheating." The ring-side judges were also not in total agreement in the second round which was decided 9–5 in favour of Stalker with a Turkish referee awarding it 7–5 in favour of Kumar. Stalker said: "I don't deal with the scoring, I just get in there and fight. In amateur boxing it happens all the time. You think you've won by more points or something like that, and it's just up to the judges."[23]
 Tervel Pulev (BUL) v.
 Yamil Peralta (ARG) (Heavyweight)
After the judges' decision to award the match between Bulgarian boxing team captain Tervel Pulev and Argentinian boxer Yamil Peralta 13–10 in favour to Pulev, the Argentinian media said: "Another theft in the boxing, in spite of losing clearly the second round and only run during the third, Pulev and the judges, classify to semi-finals".[24]
 Mark Anthony Barriga (PHI) v.
 Birzhan Zhakypov (KAZ) (Light flyweight)
The Amateur Boxing Association of the Philippines (ABAP) filed a protest against the decision in the match between Filipino boxer Mark Anthony Barriga and his Kazakh opponent, Birzhan Zhakypov, claiming that Barriga was unfairly warned after being cautioned only once by Canadian referee Roland Labbe, whereas fouls made by Zhakypov (including wrestling Barriga onto the canvas twice) went unnoticed. The protest was turned down by AIBA without the fight tape being reviewed, claiming that the protest was "too subjective to review",[25] and that the protest was lodged on emotional, rather than technical, grounds. In response to the verdict, ABAP president Ricky Vargas noted that "It seems in the battle of ‘giants’ justice is more difficult to attain for a small country like ours", with Philippine media having noted that a similar appeal filed by the United States had that match's result overturned by AIBA,[26] and The Philippine Star noting that Kazakhstan is an influential member in AIBA and the Asian Boxing Confederation.[27] Had the warning not been given, Barriga would have won the match 18–17.
 Teymur Mammadov (AZE) v.
 Siarhei Karneyeu (BLR) (Heavyweight)
After the match between Azerbaijani boxer Teymur Mammadov and Belarussian boxer Siarhei Karneyeu ended 19–19, the judges awarded the match to Mammadov. Karneyeu seemed to land the wide majority of punches in a third round where he was repeatedly held by Mammadov. The rules state if a boxer receives three warnings in one round, he is automatically diqualified. The excessive clutches, which were illegal, caused Greek referee Nikolaos Poutachidis to give Mammadov two warnings, but stopped short of giving him a third one. NBCOlympics.com replays showed that Mammadov had appeared to initiate more than three clinches during that period. Also if a fighter receives a warning for an infraction, his opponent can receive two points. The official scorecard showed that Karneyeu won the third round 6–4, meaning that if the judges gave Krneyeu full credit for Mammadov's conduct, he would have received four points for penalties—and just two points for punches landed. Belarus filed a protest but it was denied by the AIBA.[28]
 Custio Clayton (CAN) v.
 Fred Evans (GBR) (Welterweight)
The match between Canadian boxer Custio Clayton and British boxer Fred Evans ended with the scores tied at 14–14 and the judges awarded the match to Freddie Evans on the basis of a countback. Not satisfied with the decision, Canada lodged an appeal against the decision, on the basis that Evans was cautioned three separate times for holding during the bout but was not penalized a point for the infraction by the referee. The fight was subsequently reviewed and judged for a second time, but AIBA instead concluded that Evans was "incorrectly cautioned", and as a result did not deserve any point deductions.[29][30] A news release issued by Boxing Canada director Daniel Trepanier stated: "We are very disappointed in this decision. Custio clearly won the fight in our opinion and this is not a good day for Olympic boxing."[31]
 Adilbek Niyazymbetov (KAZ) v.
 Oleksandr Hvozdyk (UKR) (Light heavyweight)
Kazakhstan's Adilbek Niyazymbetov has scored a controversial victory over Ukraine's Oleksandr Hvozdyk in their light heavyweight semi-final. Hvozdyk made a decent start, producing the better quality in a close opening round that ended four points apiece. The Ukrainian was demonstrating some impressive accuracy with single shots that continually tagged Niyazymbetov. Despite being second best for most of the contest, Niyazymbetov found himself just a point behind as the third round approached. Hvozdyk was hardly troubled in the final round but still went on to drop a decision on countback (13–13).[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Boxing". 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "IOC approves new events for 2012 London Olympic Games". 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  3. ^ "Qualification system" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "AIBA Europe Calendar 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "AIBA Women’s World Championships Qinhuangdao 2012". AIBA. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "History to be re-written at AIBA Women's World Boxing Championships Qinhuangdao 2012". AIBA. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Olympic sport competition schedule". London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Retrieved 12 Mar 2012. 
  8. ^ Adams, Anna (22 September 2011). "BBC News – Allegations of deal to fix 2012 Olympic boxing medals". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "BBC News – AIBA and WSB response to Newsnight allegations". Bbc.co.uk. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "BBC Sport – IOC chief demands 2012 boxing bribe evidence from BBC". BBC News. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Halpin, Padraic (2 August 2012). "Boxing judges under fire amid "fix" claims". Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "AIBA overturns the result of Bout #105". AIBA. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Halpin, Padraic (1 August 2012). "Boxing: Judges under fire amid 'fix' claims". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c Maquinana, Ryan (2 August 2012). "Boxing referee expelled from Olympics after scandal". NBC. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Christ, Scott (2 August 2012). "Olympics Boxing 2012: Referees Suspended, Expelled in Iran and Japan-Azerbaijan Controversies". Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Boxing: London 2012 Boxing: Sumit Sangwan loses but India lodges protest". NDTV. 31 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "India's protest against boxer Sumit Sangwan's loss rejected". Times of India. 31 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "Vikas out of Games; AIBA says decision final, India furious". Hindustan Times. 4 August 2012. 
  19. ^ London, Aug 2, 2012, DHNS/PTI: (2012-08-02). "India approach CAS after AIBA decision". Deccanherald.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  20. ^ "CAS rejects India's appeal on Vikas Krishan - Yahoo! News India". In.news.yahoo.com. 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  21. ^ "Ukraine to continue fighting to overturn results of Khytrov-Ogogo boxing match". Kyiv Post. 3 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Boxing - Singh soldiers on as scoring criticism continues". The Star. 3 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "London Olympics: India rage over 'cheated' fighters". Times of India. 5 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "London Olympics: The Another normal day for the boxing". Ole. 5 August 2012. 
  25. ^ Engracia Jr., Artemio (6 August 2012). "Boxer Barriga loses medal bid to ‘wrestler’". Philippine Daily Inquirer (Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inc.). Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  26. ^ Henson, Joaquin (6 August 2012). "Pinoys rue AIBA's double standard". The Philippine Star (PhilStar News, Inc.). Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  27. ^ Henson, Joaquin (6 August 2012). "Barriga physically abused by foe". The Philippine Star (PhilStar News, Inc.). Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  28. ^ Maquinana, Ryan (6 August 2012). "Latest boxing scandal rocks Olympics". NBC. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  29. ^ http://ca.sports.yahoo.com/blogs/eh-game/custio-clayton-appeal-denied-british-fighter-incorrectly-cautioned-021256438.html
  30. ^ http://www.ctvolympics.ca/combat-sports/news/article/clayton-loses-heartbreaker-boxing-quarter-finals.html
  31. ^ "Canadian boxer Custio Clayton loses quarter-final, appeal". CBC Sports. 7 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "Olympics 2012 Boxing Results: Controversy Again in Light Heavyweight Semifinals". 10 August 2012.