St.John's Road, Boxmoor
Boxmoor shown within Hertfordshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Hemel Hempstead|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Hemel Hempstead|
Boxmoor, or Boxmoor Village, is a district of Dacorum in Hertfordshire, England. It is now part of Hemel Hempstead. It is a district of mainly 19th century housing and meadowland, repeatedly cut through by transport links from London to the Midlands.
The name Boxmoor derives from the box tree a bushy inhabitant of the chalky hills that surround the location. This is linked together with the word 'mor' which signifies a marshy spot; Boxmoor's ancient watermeadows are still a major feature of the locality.
The Box Moor Trust owns meadow land in the area alongside the River Bulbourne. This was land purchased by tenants in secret during the 16th century to prevent it being enclosed and depriving them of grazing. It is still held by the same trust established at that time and is used for summer grazing and has open access for recreational use.
The ancient Box Lane runs uphill from Boxmoor to Bovingdon. On this lane, close to the Boxmoor end, stood the historic early 17th century Box Lane Chapel, see section below on places of worship.
The Sparrows Herne turnpike, set up in 1762, was the stagecoach route from London to Aylesbury and passed along the valley bottom through Boxmoor following the present day London Road (A4251). The Grand Junction Canal, latterly known as the Grand Union, and the trunk canal from London to the Midlands followed along the same route in 1804. A local pub, the Fishery Inn, was an historic refreshment stop on the canal.
Robert Snooks, in 1802, the last highwayman to be hung and buried at the scene of his crime robbed a post boy on the turnpike on Boxmoor meadows. His remains are interred in Boxmoor meadows near the place where he was hung and the likely spot is marked by two stones, erected by the Box Moor Trust in 1904.
Boxmoor village itself was developed after 1837 when the London and Birmingham Railway was forced, by local landed interests, to build its main line and station about a mile to the west of Hemel Hempstead town. The railway station, originally called Boxmoor, offered fast commuting to London combined with a small country town life, attractive to wealthier commuters and this stimulated the development of Victorian era housing near the railway station but outside the original bounds of Hemel Hempstead. In 1846, it became part of the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR).
In 1877 a branch line - known as the "Nicky Line" - was opened by the Midland Railway running from the London and North Western Railway's Boxmoor railway station, through Hemel Hempstead to Harpenden. Disputes between the railway companies however prevented this from ever being used for a passenger connecting service and the railway station's link to Hemel town was always via horse bus or on foot across the Boxmoor meadows. Hemel Hempstead railway station was from 1912 known as "Boxmoor and Hemel Hempstead".
The area was absorbed into the expanded Hemel Hempstead new town during the 1950s and 1960s but retains a local character. The railway station was then renamed from Boxmoor to Hemel Hempstead.
A four lane dual carriageway, the A41 trunk road, was built through the district in the 1990s, connecting the M25 to Aylesbury. This crosses Boxmoor meadows in a strip of land in which all the earlier links run side by side, turnpike, canal, railway and modern trunk road.
Boxmoor Hall was built in 1889 from surplus funds by the local trust,it has been used as a magistrates' court, more recently as an arts centre run by Dacorum Borough Council, and in 2007 the hall became privately owned as used for performing arts. Boxmoor Hall is now a licenced premises and host special occasions.
The area has little industry and limited commerce but its mostly Victorian family houses are in demand for those who work elsewhere in Hemel Hempstead and especially commuters who use the railway station to reach London in around 30 minutes.
Box Lane Chapel, a Non-conformist chapel founded in 1668 on land owned by the Westbrook Hay estate, was re-built in 1690 and then altered in 1856 and again in 1876. Tradition has it that Oliver Cromwell once worshiped here at an earlier building on the site. It is now a private house after being sold in 1969.
St John's Church in Boxmoor was built, in 1874, on part of the Box Moor Trust land.
- Hertfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes; Ann Roxburgh (Forward) (1986). The Hertfordshire Village Book. Countyside Books. Section on Redbourn ISBN 0-905392-71-X.
- "MONUMENT NO. 359304". English Heritage: Pastscape. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- Baker, John T. (2007). Cultural Transition in the Chilterns and Essex Region, 350 AD to 650 AD: Volume 4. Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-902806-53-2.
- Bowmoor Hall
- "Boxmoor Cricket Club- 150 not out: Boxmoor Cricket Club 150th Anniversary in 2007". hemeltoday from The Hemel Gazette. 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-06.[dead link]
- Yaxley, Susan; others (1981) . History of Hemel Hempstead. Amplion Press: Hemel Hempstead Local History and Records Society. ISBN 0-9502743-0-5.
- Hands, Joan; Hands, Roger (2004). ROYALTY TO COMMONERS – Four Hundred Years of the Box Moor Trust. Boxmoor, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom: The Box Moor Trust. ISBN 0-9504532-2-6..
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