|Location||601 S. Queen St., Martinsburg, West Virginia|
|NRHP Reference #||70000649|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1970|
Boydville is a late Georgian style mansion in Martinsburg, West Virginia. The house is near the center of the associated Boydville Historic District in 15.35 acres (6.21 ha). The house was built in 1812 by Elisha Boyd, a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and an officer of the Fourth Virginia Regiment in the War of 1812.
The two story stucco-covered stone house consists of a center wing with nine rooms, a right wing that originally served as the nursery, and a left wing that housed the kitchens. The center-hall main house retains its original woodwork, with hand-carved door frames and mantelpieces imported from England. Interior partitions are brick covered with plaster.
Elisha Boyd left the house to his daughter Mary at his death in 1841. Mary was married to Charles J. Faulkner I (1806-1884), was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates who advocated a gradual abolition of slavery and the forcible annexation of Texas from Mexico. Faulkner served as ambassador to France in the James Buchanan administration, 1859-1861. Faulkner was Stonewall Jackson's assistant adjutant-general during the American Civil War, and was temporary president of the West Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1872. Faulkner's son, Charles J. Faulkner II (1847-1929) became a United States Senator.
During the American Civil War Boydville and two other houses were marked for burning by General David Hunter in retaliation for the burning of Maryland Governor Bradford's house. On an hour's notice Mary Faulkner obtained an exemption from Abraham Lincoln, saving the house.
In addition, Boydville lends its name to a metaphorical location that is said to store all things Boyd, or otherwise unsound interactive initiatives when referred to in the context of digital art & computational or generative design.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Cheesman, Mrs. G. Roderick (April 29, 1969). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Boydville". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
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