Boyle Heights, Los Angeles
|Neighborhood of Los Angeles|
Breed Street Shul
|• City Council||José Huizar|
|• State Assembly||John Pérez (D)|
|• State Senate||Gil Cedillo (D)|
|• U.S. House||Lucille Roybal-Allard (D)|
|• Total||17 km2 (6.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,507/km2 (14,262/sq mi)|
|ZIP Code||90023, 90033, 90063|
|Area code(s)||213, 323|
Boyle Heights is a working class, heavily Latino, youthful neighborhood of almost a hundred thousand residents east of Downtown Los Angeles in the City of Los Angeles . The district has more than twenty public schools and ten private schools. It has notable buildings and sites, and a number of notable people have lived in Boyle Heights or have been connected with it. Boyle Heights is not part of East Los Angeles, California.
- 1 History
- 2 Population
- 3 Government and infrastructure
- 4 Education
- 5 Geography
- 6 Notable residents
- 7 Notable places
- 8 Film and video
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
|This section requires expansion. (April 2013)|
Boyle Heights was once called Paredon Blanco (White Bluff) when California was part of Mexico.
1950s In the 1950s, Boyle Heights was racially and ethnically diverse, with Jews, Latinos and Japanese Americans living in the neighborhood. Bruce Phillips, a sociologist who tracked Jewish communities across the United States, said that Jewish families did not leave Boyle Heights because of racism, but instead because of redlining and the construction of several freeways through the community; which led to the loss of many houses.
2000 As of the census of 2000, there were 92,785 people in the neighborhood, which was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically, with the racial identification of the neighborhood at 94.0% Latino, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% White (non-Hispanic), 0.9% African American, and 0.8% other races. The household median income was $33,235, low in comparison to the rest of the city. Its population was also one of the youngest in the city, with a median age of just 25.
2011 As of 2011, 95% of the community was Hispanic and Latino. The community had Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and Central American ethnic residents. Hector Tobar of the Los Angeles Times said "The diversity that exists in Boyle Heights today is exclusively Latino".
Government and infrastructure
From 1889 through 1909 the city was divided into nine wards. In 1899 a motion was introduced at the Ninth Ward Development Association to use the name Boyle Heights to apply to all the highlands of the Ninth Ward, including Brooklyn Heights, Euclid Heights and the aforementioned Boyle Heights.
Just 5% of Boyle Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city and the county. The percentage of residents in that age range who had not earned a high school diploma was high for the county.
The schools within Boyle Heights are as follows:
- Francisco Bravo Medical Magnet High School, alternative, 1200 North Cornwell Street
- Theodore Roosevelt High School, 456 South Mathews Street
- Mendez High School 1200 Playa Del Sol
- Animo Oscar De La Hoya Charter High School, 1114 South Lorena Street
- Boyle Heights Continuation School, 544 South Mathews Street* Central Juvenile Hall, 1605 Eastlake Avenue
- Hollenbeck Middle School, 2510 East Sixth Street
- Robert Louis Stevenson Middle School, 725 South Indiana Street
- KIPP Los Angeles College Preparatory, charter middle, 2810 Whittier Boulevard
- Murchison Street Elementary School, 1501 Murchison Street
- Evergreen Avenue Elementary School, 2730 Ganahi Street
- Sheridan Street Elementary School, 416 North Cornwell Street
- Malabar Street Elementary School, 3200 East Malabar Street
- Breed Street Elementary School, 2226 East Third Street
- First Street Elementary School, 2820 East First Street
- Second Street Elementary School, 1942 East Second Street
- Soto Street Elementary School, 1020 South Soto Street
- Euclid Avenue Elementary School, 806 Euclid Avenue
- Sunrise Elementary School, 2821 East Seventh Street
- Utah Street Elementary School, 255 Gabriel Garcia Marquez Street
- Bridge Street Elementary School, 605 North Boyle Avenue
- Garza (Carmen Lomas) Primary Center, elementary, 2750 East Hostetter Street
- Christopher Dena Elementary School, 1314 Dacotah Street
- Lorena Street Elementary School, 1015 South Lorena Street
- Bishop Mora Salesian High School, 960 South Soto Street
- Santa Teresita Elementary School, 2646 Zonal Avenue
- Assumption Elementary School, 3016 Winter Street
- Saint Mary Catholic Elementary School, 416 South Saint Louis Street
- Our Lady of Talpa, elementary, 411 South Evergreen Avenue
- East Los Angeles Light and Life Christian School, 207 South Dacotah Street
- Santa Isabel Elementary School, 2424 Whittier Boulevard
- Dolores Mission School, elementary, 170 South Gless Street
- Cristo Viene Christian School, 3607 Whittier Boulevard
- Resurrection, elementary, 3360 East Opal Street
- White Memorial Adventist School, 1605 New Jersey Street
Boyle Heights' relation to other places, not necessarily contiguous:
|Brooklyn Heights, Los Angeles||
|Arts District, Los Angeles||Boyle Heights, Los Angeles||East Los Angeles, California|
|Vernon, California||Commerce, California|
||This section's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (May 2013)|
- Breed Street Shul, which was declared a historic-cultural monument in 1988.
- Self-Help Graphics and Art, the first community-based organization in the country to create a free public celebration of Day of the Dead.
- Variety Boys and Girls Club
- Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center/Keck School of Medicine of USC
- Los Angeles County Department of Coroner
- Estrada Courts Murals
- Evergreen Cemetery
- White Memorial Hospital
- Hazard Park
- Mariachi Plaza
- Hollenbeck Park
- Linda Vista Community Hospital (former Santa Fe Coast Lines Hospital)
- Sears Building, Olympic Boulevard and Soto St.
- Malabar Public Library
- St. Mary's Catholic church (4th and Chicago Streets)
- Sheldon Andelson, first openly gay person to be appointed to the University of California Regents or any high position in state government
- Hal Bernson, Los Angeles City Council member, 1979–2003
- Martin V. Biscailuz, attorney and Common Council member, 1884–85
- Howard E. Dorsey, City Council member, 1937
- Oscar Macy, county sheriff and member of the Board of Supervisors
- Judge Harry Pregerson, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
- Edward R. Roybal, Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives for the 30th District and later for the 25th District of California; member of the Los Angeles City Council
- Winfred J. Sanborn, City Council member, 1925–29
- Antonio Villaraigosa, Mayor of Los Angeles
- Zev Yaroslavsky, Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, 3rd District
Arts and culture
- Oscar Zeta Acosta, attorney, wtiter, community activist
- Lou Adler, record producer, manager 
- Mickey Cohen, gangster 
- Norman Granz
- Josefina López, writer
- Anthony Quinn, actor 
- Julius Shulman, photographer
- Taboo (rapper)
- will.i.am, recording artist and music producer
- Victor Manuel Lopez, former Guinness World Record holder
Film and video
- List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments on the East and Northeast Sides
- List of districts and neighborhoods in Los Angeles
- East Los Angeles, California, 96.7%
- Maywood, California, 96.4%
- Walnut Park, California, 95.4%
- Huntington Park, California, 95.1%
- Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, 94.0%
- Cudahy, California, 93.8%
- Bell Gardens, California, 93.7%
- Commerce, California 93.4%
- Vernon, California, 92.6%
- South Gate, California, 92.1%
-  "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Los Angeles Times Neighborhood Project". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-11.
- George J. Sanchez, "What's Good for Boyle Heights is Good for the Jews: Creating Multiculturalism on the Eastside during the 1950s," American Quarterly 56.3 (2004) 663-661
- Tobar, Hector. "A look back at the Boyle Heights melting pot." Los Angeles Times. December 9, 2011. Retrieved on December 10, 2011.
-  Diversity "measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50." —Los Angeles Times
- "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - BOYLE HEIGHTS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 7, 2008.
- "WHAT'S IN A NAME Ninth Ward Citizens Vote in Favor of Boyle Heights", "Los Angeles Herald" 24 May 1899
- "Boyle Heights," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
-  "Boyle Heights Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- The City Project. "Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing". Retrieved 9 September 2012.
-  Jewish Journal
- Kevin Roderick, "Andelson Dies of AIDS; Gay Regent, Activist," Los Angeles Times, December 30, 1987
- Dade Hayes, "Reward Offered in Sexual Assault Case," Los Angeles Times, April 24, 1997
- Online Archive of California
- An Unofficial Guide to Los Angeles County Law Enforcement and Fire Department History Through Photos, Badges, and Patches
- Los Angeles Public Library reference file This file was compiled in 1937 by Works Progress Administration worker Clare Wallace from an interview with Dorsey on June 23 of that year and from newspaper articles.
- Now part of North Cummings Street. Location of the Oscar Macy home here on Mapping L.A.
- "Southland Mourns Death of Edward Roybal," ABC-7 News
- Devin Carroll, Brian Carroll and Wayne Raymond, Winfred and Mamie Sanborn (privately printed)
- Rebecca Spence (2008-02-20). "L.A.'s Latino Mayor Welcomed as One of the Tribe". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- Amy Klein, "Aliyah Perspectives," Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, May 9, 2003
- Los Angeles Times – January 29, 2011 Obituary
- Franz Lidz, "Up and Down in Beverly Hills," Sports Illustrated, April 17, 2000
- Yoli Martinez, "Iconic Hispanic Angelenos in History: Oscar Zeta Acosta", "KCET Departures" Oct 2, 2012
- David Kamp "Live at the Whisky"
- Tere Tereba "Mickey Cohen: The Life and Crimes of L.A.'s Notorious Mobster" ECW Press 2012
- John Thurber "Norman Granz, 83; Visionary of the Jazz World Was Producer, Promoter and Social Conscience", "Los Angeles Times" November 24, 2001
-  Lopez website
- "LifeChums: Be Chums 4 Life"
- Mary Melton, "Lens Master", "Los Angeles Magazine" Jan 1, 2009
- Taboo; Steve Dennis (February 8, 2011). Fallin' Up: My Story. Touchstone. pp. 1, 3–4. ISBN 1-4391-9206-5.
- Dennis, Steve; Taboo (2011). Fallin' Up: My Story. New York City: Simon & Schuster. p. 56. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- Will.i.am on Living in East Los Angeles | Exclusive Interview | NELA TV (Web video). Los Angeles, CA: egentertainment.net. 2011-02-17.
- Christian Comics Pioneers
- Ted Okuda, James L. Neibaur "Stan Without Ollie: The Stan Laurel Solo Films, 1917-1927", McFarland, 2012
- David Parkinson "The Rough Guide to Film Musicals", Rough Guides, 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, California.|
-  CASA 1010 Theater
-  Boyle Heights: Power of Place
-  History of Aliso Village
-  Breed Street Shul Project, Inc.
-  Boyle Heights Learning Collaborative
-  Boyle Heights Historical Society
-  Comments about living in Boyle Heights
-  Boyle Heights crime map and statistics