Boynton Beach, Florida

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Boynton Beach
City
Marina Village of Boynton Beach
Marina Village of Boynton Beach
Motto: America's Gateway to the Gulfstream
Location within Palm Beach County and the state of Florida
Location within Palm Beach County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 26°31′41″N 80°4′35″W / 26.52806°N 80.07639°W / 26.52806; -80.07639Coordinates: 26°31′41″N 80°4′35″W / 26.52806°N 80.07639°W / 26.52806; -80.07639
Country United States
State Florida
County Palm Beach
Settled 1894
Incorporated (city) 1920
Government
 • Type Commission-Manager
 • Mayor Jerry Taylor
 • City Manager Kurt Bressner
Area[1]
 • Total 16.25 sq mi (42.1 km2)
 • Land 15.88 sq mi (41.1 km2)
 • Water .37 sq mi (1.0 km2)  2.3%
Elevation 9 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 68,217
 • Density 4,217.5/sq mi (1,628.4/km2)
  2010 Census
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code 33424–33426, 33435–33437, 33472–33474
Area code(s) 561
FIPS code 12-07875[2]
GNIS feature ID 0279303[3]
Website www.boynton-beach.org

Boynton Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. The population was 68,217 at the 2010 census. In 2006, the city had a population of 66,714 according to the University of Florida, Bureau of Economic and Business Research.[4] Boynton Beach is a principal city of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2006 estimated population of 5,463,857.[5] Despite the city's name, it has almost no beachfront; rather, it is located across the Intracoastal Waterway from the oceanfront municipalities of Ocean Ridge and Briny Breezes.

History[edit]

Nathan S. Boynton
See also William S. Linton

In 1894, two years before Henry Morrison Flagler built his railroad, a former American Civil War major named Nathan Boynton first set eyes on the area that now bears his name. Boynton hailed from Port Huron, Michigan. He was so impressed by the natural beauty of the year-round sunshine and pristine beaches, he built the famous Boynton Hotel, where he also spent winters with his family. The first settlers, whom Boynton had brought along from Michigan, soon realized that many fruits and vegetables thrived in the fertile climate. Pineapples, tomatoes, mangoes, and citrus fruit were packed in crates and shipped by the ton on the newly built Florida East Coast Railroad to satisfy the appetites of hungry Americans across the country. Major Boynton died on May 27, 1911 in Port Huron, but the hotel carried through until 1925.

Boynton Beach was originally founded on September 26, 1898 when Byrd Spilman Dewey and her husband filed the original plat in the Dade County courthouse for the Town of Boynton.[6] The town was incorporated in 1920 and was first called "Boynton Beach" by a community that broke off from Boynton in 1931. In 1939 that community changed its name to "Ocean Ridge" while The Town of Boynton took the name "Boynton Beach" in 1941.[7]

A 1940s view of the Boynton Beach Seaboard Air Line Railroad depot, whose demolition was authorized by the city in 2006

In 1926, the Seaboard Air Line Railway entered what was then simply Boynton, spurring land development a mile inland near the Seaboard station, including the town's first planned subdivision, Lake Boynton Estates.[8] As land became more valuable, areas along the Intracoastal Waterway and the Federal Highway in Boynton also saw housing developments. To the west, many dairies were founded so that the Boynton area became the main milk supplier for Palm Beach County.[9] By the 1970s, the dairies were no longer profitable and these lands too were converted to housing developments.

Hurricane Wilma struck Boynton Beach on Monday, October 24, 2005, causing widespread damage to homes and businesses. In 2006, the city government authorized the demolition of the historic Seaboard rail station, which had survived intact in private hands since passenger service to the station halted in 1971.[8] 2006 also saw an increase in gang-related violent crime. This increase mirrored a similar increase across Palm Beach County. A gang-related shooting at the city's popular Boynton Beach Mall on Christmas Eve of 2006 caught national attention on many networks, such as CBS.[10] As of 2009, countywide gang violence has fallen three percent.[11] On 27 January 2012 the mayor, Jose Rodriguez, was suspended from office by the state governor for trying to influence a police investigation into his personal affairs.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Boynton Beach Demographics
2010 Census Boynton Beach Palm Beach County Florida
Total population 68,217 1,320,134 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +13.0% +16.7% +17.6%
Population density 4,217.5/sq mi 670.2/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 62.4% 73.5% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 53.6% 60.1% 57.9%
Black or African-American 30.3% 17.3% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 12.8% 19.0% 22.5%
Asian 2.2% 2.4% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.3% 0.5% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.2% 2.3% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.6% 3.9% 3.6%
Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,326
1950 2,542 91.7%
1960 10,467 311.8%
1970 18,115 73.1%
1980 35,624 96.7%
1990 46,194 29.7%
2000 60,389 30.7%
2010 68,217 13.0%

As of 2010, there were 36,289 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. As of 2000, 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.87.

In 2000, the city's population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 25.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $39,845, and the median income for a family was $47,546. Males had a median income of $32,503 versus $26,399 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,573. About 7.4% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, native speakers of English accounted for 80.09% of all residents, while speakers of French Creole comprised 7.51%, Spanish was at 7.30%, French consisted of 1.02%, Italian at 0.97%, and German made up 0.87% of the population.[13]

Schools[edit]

Like all of Palm Beach County, Boynton Beach is served by the School District of Palm Beach County. As of 2006, it was the fifth largest school district in Florida and the twelfth largest school district in the United States.

Coast of the Boynton Beach Inlet and Ocean Ridge Oceanfront

Elementary schools:

  • Citrus Cove Elementary School
  • Crosspointe Elementary School
  • Crystal Lakes Elementary School
  • Forest Park Elementary
  • Manatee ElementarySchool
  • Freedom Shores Elementary School
  • Galaxy Elementary School
  • Hagen Road Elementary School
  • Poinciana Elementary School (Magnet school for math, science and technology)
  • Rolling Green Elementary School
  • Sunset Palms Elementary School

Middle schools:

  • Christa McAuliffe Middle School
  • Congress Middle School
  • Odyssey Middle School
  • Tradewinds Middle School

High schools:

Public Transportation[edit]

Boynton Beach is served by a Tri-Rail station of the same name, as well as local buses provided by PalmTran.[14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Florida by place Population, Housing Units, Area and Density:2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (XLS). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-08-15. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-08-15. [dead link]
  6. ^ Pedersen, Ginger L. (April 9, 2013). When Curiosity Changes your Life. palmbeachpast.org. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  7. ^ "History of Ocean Ridge". 
  8. ^ a b Pesantes, Erika (June 14, 2007). "Angry neighborhood challenges City Hall". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  9. ^ viagra line uk. "Viagra india online - Canadian Pharmacy. Your DrugStore #1!". Palmbeachpast.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  10. ^ "Shooting At Fla. Mall Leaves One Dead". CBS News. 25 December 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  11. ^ "Gang violence falls in Palm Beach County as law enforcement focuses on prevention". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. 15 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  12. ^ Kleinberg, Eliot (30 January 2012). "Boynton city attorney suggests timetable for mayor's temporary replacement". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  13. ^ "MLA Data Center Results for Boynton Beach, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  14. ^ http://www.pbcgov.com/palmtran/maps_schedules/

External links[edit]