|Founded||4 October 1883|
|Founder(s)||Sir William Alexander Smith|
|Motto||'Sure & Steadfast' (Hebrews 6:19)|
The Boys' Brigade (BB) is an interdenominational Christian youth organisation, conceived by Sir William Alexander Smith to combine drill and fun activities with Christian values. Following its inception in Glasgow in 1883, the BB quickly spread across the United Kingdom and became a worldwide organisation by the early 1890s. As of 2003, there were 500,000 Boys' Brigade members in 60 countries.
- 1 Object, motto and emblem
- 2 History
- 3 Establishment of recreational camping
- 4 Sections in the BB
- 5 Leadership
- 6 Awards
- 7 Other countries
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Sources
- 11 External links
Object, motto and emblem
The stated object of the Boys' Brigade is "The advancement of Christ's kingdom among Boys and the promotion of habits of Obedience, Reverence, Discipline, Self-respect and all that tends towards a true Christian manliness." Except for the addition of the word "obedience" in 1893, the contents of the object has remained unchanged from the beginning. However, some countries, particularly those which permit girls on their membership roll, have re-worded the object for gender neutrality. For example, in Malaysia, the word "manliness" has been changed to "character".
When designing the Brigade's motto and crest, William Smith referred directly to Hebrews 6:19 in the King James Version of the Bible, "Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast...".
From this verse came the BB motto, "Sure and Stedfast", retaining the old spelling of the latter word. Today, some parts of the movement (only the UK and the ROI) have adopted the modern spelling of "steadfast", whilst all others continue to use the older spelling.
The crest was originally a plain anchor, bearing the BB motto with a capital 'B' on either side. Upon the merger between the Boys' Brigade and the Boys' Life Brigade in 1926, the red Greek cross was placed behind the anchor to form the current emblem. The cross originally formed part of emblem of the Boys' Life Brigade.
The Boys' Brigade was founded in Glasgow by Sir William Alexander Smith on 4 October 1883 to develop Christian manliness by the use of a semi-military discipline and order, gymnastics, summer camps and religious services and classes.
By 1910, there were about 2200 companies connected with different churches throughout the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the United States, with 10,000 officers and 100,000 boys.
Robert Baden-Powell who as Vice President of the Boys' Brigade used it alongside initiatives in schools, particularly Eton, to promote the idea of scouting and outdoor pursuits based on those of the military for boys. This was done with an experimental camp on Brownsea Island Scout camp with the Boys from Eton College, together with members of the Bournemouth & Poole Battalion of The Boys' Brigade. At the time, he did not originally intend that any individual organization would later arise from this aim in the form of the various Scouting movements. Scouting badges (Silver & Gold) were awarded in The Boys' Brigade and there were specialised Boys' Brigade Scout sections, which operated as part of a BB Company, but met at different times, who wore a blue uniform with shorts and the distinctive Smokey Bear hat traditionally identified with Scouts. However, nowadays there is a certain friendly rivalry between the two groups. Two of the Original Boys' Brigade Scout units still exist in the names of 1st Parkstone Scout Group and 1st Hamworthy Scout Group, both formerly sub units of the 1st Poole Boys Brigade.
The 1st Bournemouth Scout Group which was run by the 1st Bournemouth Boys' Brigade was in fact a 'BP' Scout Group and never a 'BB Scout 'Section'.
In October 1926 the Boys' Brigade united with The Boys' Life Brigade. The merger also prompted the abandonment of dummy drill rifles that had been used in The Boys' Brigade, due to the Life Brigade's objection to use of weapons or their representations. The Junior organisation of the Boys' Brigade prior to 1926 was called 'The Boy Reserves' but after amalgamation the juniors were called 'The Life Boys'. The name came from the fact that the junior reserve of The Boys' Life Brigade had been known as 'Lifeboys' (all one word). The Life Boys remained as the 'Junior Reserve of the Boys' Brigade until 1966 when the name was changed to 'The Junior Section'.
The Boys' Life Brigade (1899) was one of many similar movements formed as 'clones' of the Boys' Brigade. The BLB was formed by the National Sunday School Union (Pacifist). Others included the Church Lads' Brigade (1891, Anglican), the Jewish Lads' Brigade (1895) and the Catholic Boys' Brigade (1894). There were many more smaller Brigades in other denominations and even some in individual churches.
Establishment of recreational camping
Drawing from his military experience, William Smith (Knighted in 1909) introduced the concept of camping into the Brigade to allow boys and officers to remain in contact when other activities ceased for the summer break.
The notion was initially ill-received due to concerns for the boys' safety. A mother has been quoted saying, "Camp! My children have always had a roof over their heads, and as long as I live, always will!". They did have a roof over their heads because William Smith proceeded with the idea and 1st Glasgow Company held its inaugural one-week camp beginning on Friday, 16 July 1886, at Auchinlochan Hall, Tighnabruaich in a hall. In later years they took to canvas camping on a site at Portavadie in the Kyles of Bute. The First Glasgow continued to attend summer camp at the same location until the summer of 1974 when Portavadie was selected as the location of a proposed yard for the construction of oil production platforms. However the new camp is located only 100 yards away at Stilliag farm. This camp site is now used by many companies of the BB every summer for their camping trip.
The initial reservations towards camping did not last. A tradition developed, where the boys who were marching home on the last day of camp would be greeted by cheers from residents and were each presented with a bouquet of flowers. Camps soon became one of the most anticipated events in the year and early publications of the Boys' Brigade Gazette contained many accounts of camping experiences.
Sir William Smith's plans and notes for his first camps have been preserved, and have been used by many other campers.
Sections in the BB
||The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with United Kingdom and Australia and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (March 2010)|
There are five different age groups, known as "sections", within the organisation for the UK:
- Anchors - 4 to 8 years (companies need special permission to accept boys younger than 5 years old)
- Juniors - 8 to 11 years
- Company - 11 to 15 years
- Seniors - 15 to 18 years
- Amicus - 15 to 22 years
(Companies may choose to run a Girls' Association alongside or in combination with these sections)
Within Australia there are three sections known as:
- Anchors - 5 to 7 years
- Juniors - 8 to 11 years
- Seniors - 12 to 18 years
Seniors is divided into 2 groups based on age. 12-14 Alpha and 15 - 18 Omega
Age groups are typically based on school years, so boys in the same year group would be promoted to the next section together, regardless of the dates of individual boys' birthdays. In some companies, sections may merge or there may be minor variations to the normal age boundaries, to accommodate excessively large or small groups of boys or a lack of leaders. Boys might also move to their next section before the end of the year to allow a smoother transition.
Amicus was launched in 1994, and is intended to either run as an alternative to the Seniors programme or even without any other Boys' or Girls' Brigade sections operating. Unlike other sections which may be for boys only in many companies, Amicus is always run as a mixed-gender group. The Amicus concept emphasises involvement of all its members in decision-making concerning the running of the section, such as the content and whether a uniform is to be worn. The section will be overseen and supervised by leaders aged over 18, who receive training from the Boys' Brigade and may deliver parts of the programme.
Malaysia has three age group which are
- Pre-Juniors - 5 to 7 years
- Juniors - 8 to 11 years
- Seniors - 12 to 18 years
In the United Kingdom and Eire The BB is divided into 4 Regions, each region is then further divided. In Scotland and England & Wales The BB is divided into Districts and then Battalions. In Northern Ireland the BB is divided into 13 Battalions. The Battalions provide a local grouping of companies. The Battalions are normally based on Cities or Counties. Each Battalion has its own local structure that organises events and training on behalf of the member companies.
Officers (adult leaders)
Leaders in training are Warrant Officers, attaining the rank of Lieutenant only when having completed additional formal training in youth leadership. To avoid unnecessary leader hierarchy, all qualified officers are Lieutenants. The post of Captain of a company is a brevet rank with those in the position reverting to Lieutenant when they cease to be in the position; similarly other positions such as the company Adjutant (second to the captain) are considered appointments rather than substantive ranks.
Boys bearing the rank of Staff-Sergeant are non-commissioned officers but act within the company as Officers.
Boys as Non-Commissioned Officers
An older boy can gain promotion from Private to become a Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO). There are four NCO ranks available, each being awarded when a boy is of a certain minimum age and reaches a high enough standard of leadership:
- Lance Corporal (minimum age 14)
- Corporal (minimum age 15)
- Sergeant (minimum age 16)
- Staff Sergeant (minimum age 17)
NCOs often play an important role in the Boys' Brigade, helping the officers and other adult helpers with organising activities and awards classes, particular in the Anchors and Juniors sections. NCOs wear chevrons on their upper right arm.
Staff Sergeants act within the company as officers and do not stand in the ranks; however as Staff Sergeants are boys of the Brigade, they can still partake in company activities and computations, and still earn awards and badges. The uniform of Staff Sergeants is slightly different from that of the normal boy or NCO, they wear still wear a blue shirt. If caps are worn, the BB Anchor is used with no coloured surround. Their rank is denoted with an armband on the right forearm with four inverted chevrons (similar to the rank badge historically worn by senior grades of sergeant in the British Army).
In the United Kingdom, those aged 17 to 21 years old who are nominated by their company, may participate in The Boys' Brigade KGVI Youth Leadership Training; this consists of two one-week long residential training experiences containing all the training needed to become an officer in The Boys' Brigade. KGVI is held at each of the Regional Headquarters (Felden Lodge in England/Wales, Carronvale House in Scotland and Rathmore House in Northern Ireland).
Each section within the Boys' Brigade has awards that can be gained by fulfilling achievements.
The Anchors can gain 3 badges: Green, Red and Blue triangles by completing a variety of activities in the areas of Body, Mind, Spirit, Community, and Creativity.
The Juniors award scheme was revised in 2004 and members of the section can now gain the Junior Target Award, followed by Bronze, Silver and Gold awards, by completing a variety of activities in the areas of Body, Mind, Spirit, Community, and Creativity.
Get the Credit
Under the old 'Get the Credit' Scheme, Company Section members could gain one Target badge first (reduced from the required two in an award reorganisation a few years ago, though Target Two could still be completed as an optional extra), then five other badges (Interests, Adventure, Leadership, Physical and Community) with red and blue flashes around them. After about three years, the boys would have gained all five badges with both red and blue flashes. This enabled the boys to attend a Leadership Training Course and potentially attain the President's Badge. This is a necessary prerequisite for the Brigade's highest award - the Queen's Badge.
The current award scheme for 11- to 15-year-olds, called Discover, was launched in August 2007. The award scheme is built around three 'zones': Community; Recreation; and Skills. Badges may be gained at four Levels in each zone, 1 through 4.
Having spent 2 hours working on topics relevant to each of the three zones (a total of 6 hours), the member is awarded the Compass Badge.
The badge for a zone is gained when the required number of hours have been spent working on topics relevant to that zone (Community - 7 hours; Recreation - 10 hours; Skills - 7 hours). A maximum of one badge per zone can be gained in a 12 month period (min 24 hours work). Any additional hours may not be carried over into the next 12-month period. In subsequent 12 month periods, members will work to gain Levels 2, 3, and 4 of each badge.
During a member's second year in Company Section they may gain the Discovery Badge, provided they have: gained a badge in all three zones within the last 12 months; completed an additional 6 hours work in any of the zones; taken part in a residential experience; played an active role in a Company, Battalion, or Church event; and had good attendance for the session.
The Discover programme includes the President's Badge, the requirements for which remain similar to those laid out in the 'Get the Credit' scheme. Including a 'Building Your Skills' Course
See images and logos at BB UK Resources
The award scheme for Seniors (16- to 18-year-olds), is called Challenge Plus, and was launched in time for the start for the 2008/09 Session, and includes the Queen's Badge.
In non-Commonwealth countries, the Founder's Badge is used in place of the Queen's Badge. However, the Boys' Brigade in Malaysia and the Boys' Brigade in Singapore have chosen to use the Founder's Badge, although these countries are members of the Commonwealth.
- There are a number of Boys' Brigade Companies on Antigua. The island has one of the strongest Boys' Brigade movements in the South Eastern Caribbean Region.
- The first BB company was formed at the St. Marks Church of England, Fitzroy, Melbourne in 1890. The Boys' Brigade Australia has since formed an Australian council and has spread throughout the country ever since. The main award boys aim for is the Queen's Badge, that recognises a Boy who has demonstrated the high principles that The Boys' Brigade promotes. It can be gained by consistent effort within the curriculum of the award program.
- Boys' Brigade was established at St. Paul's Anglican Church in 1960 and continues to be active, stating its aim in 2008 is "the advancement of Christ's Kingdom among boys and the promotion of habits of obedience, reverence, discipline, self-respect and all that tends towards a true Christian manliness".
- British Virgin Islands
- Boys' Brigade exists in the British Virgin Islands, and there is one active company.
- The Boys' Brigade was prominent in Canada up until the mid-1980s. The Boys' Brigade owned a camp north of Toronto at Gravenhurst, Ontario. The last of the "Toronto companies" were the 11th and 9th. In addition, there were several companies in Montreal Quebec (6th, 8th Montreal and others), Winnipeg Manitoba, and Calgary Alberta.
- There is currently one Boys’ Brigade Company on the island, situated Marigot, which is a 90 minute taxi ride from the capital, Roseau. The Company has approximately 30 boys within the Junior and Senior Sections who meet on a Monday night.
- Hong Kong
- The Boys' Brigade in Hong Kong has more than 200 companies.
- It's called Putra Pengabdi in Bahasa Indonesia. One of the school in Jakarta that applies The Boys' Brigade activity is IPEKA Christian School or Sekolah Kristen IPEKA, which adapts the program to some of its Junior High. The school itself also has an international school, IPEKA International Christian School. If in Surabaya, recently the school that applies The Boys' Brigade activity is Mawar Sharon Christian School (MSCS), which adapts the program to Grade 4, 5, and Junior High.
- The Boys' Brigade in Malaysia was first organised in 1946. It has continued a steady growth ever since and now has 6,713 members in 101 Companies.
- The Boys' Brigade is alive in Montserrat, with one active Company as of 2012.
- New Zealand
- The Boys' Brigade began in New Zealand 1889 and continued until World War I in 1914, when insufficient leaders were available. Reactivated in 1926, by the 1960s there were 12,000 members in New Zealand in 220 companies. In 2003 a partial rebranding of Boys Brigade took place. The new sub-organisation is called ICONZ, is less formal than the parent organisation and currently consists of 36 units throughout New Zealand. There were also 3,618 members on various Pacific islands.
- The Boys' Brigade in Singapore was organised in 1930 by former BB members of the South China Battalion who escaped from Swatow, China during the occupation of the region by the Chinese Communist Party. It currently has more than 7,000 members in 117 Companies.
- St Kitts
- The Boys' Brigade was established at the Wesley Methodist Church (located in Basseterre) and was only founded for the boys who went to the Methodist churches around the island. However, over the years we have incooperated boys from all denominations. Today, the Boys' Brigade moves forward as a very active part of St Kitts pushing its motto: "Sure and Stedfast"
- Trinidad and Tobago
- The Boys' Brigade is alive and well throughout Trinidad and Tobago. In 2010 the BB celebrated its 50th anniversary on Tobago, and as of 2012 there are two active Companies attached to the Methodist Church on the island. The 1st Tobago Company also has a marching band, and they are regularly featured on the island's only radio station and parade through the capital city, Scarborough, on a regular basis.
- United States
- Boys' Brigade companies were established by the early 20th century in several major U.S. cities in the northeast such as Baltimore and Boston, the midwest, and California. As of 2003, there were 2,000 members in American companies.
- The Boys' Brigade Australia
- The Boys' Brigade Hong Kong
- The Boys' Brigade Malaysia
- The Boys' Brigade in Singapore
- The Boys' Brigade in the United Kingdom
- The Girls' Brigade
- The Boy's Brigade in Thailand
- "Who We Are...". The Boys' Brigade. 2012. "The Boys' Brigade operates all over the world with over half a million members worldwide."
- Raynor, Tauria (2008-10-30). "Boys' Brigade want alumni to return for a special anniversary". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- Senior Section Handbook, Fifth Edition. Malaysia: The Boys' Brigade in Malaysia. 2003.
- Peterson, Robert (October 2003). Marching to a Different Drummer. Scouting magazine. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- McFarlan, Donald M. (1983). "Sure and Stedfast". First for Boys (Collins). Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- "The Boys' Brigade UK: About Us". Archived from the original on 26 September 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boys' Brigade". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Foster, Michael. "THE ORIGINS OF THE SCOUT MOVEMENT.". Scout History Association. The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Birch, A. E. (1959). The story of the Boys Brigade. Frederick-Muller.
- Badges of The Brigade Vol 1 2000 R. Bolton et al.
- Eager, W. McG. (1953). Making men: the history of Boys Clubs and related movements in Great Britain. University of London Press.
- Boys of the Brigade Vol 1 1993 Robin Bolton
- Sure & Stedfast. Springhall et al 1982
- McFarlan, Donald M. (1983). "Summer Camp". First for Boys (Collins). Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- "Boys' Brigade Uniforms: History". 2003-09-11. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- "The Boys' Brigade UK: Amicus". Retrieved 2012-10-05.
- "KGVI Youth Leadership Training".
- See Boys' Brigade Badges
- BB Asia: Member Countries (URL last accessed on 6 May 2007)
- Dornan, Alford. "An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966". Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- BB Singapore: Factsheet (URL last accessed on 6 May 2007)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- The Boys' Brigade in Australia
- The Boys' Brigade in Hong Kong
- The Boys' Brigade in Ireland
- The Boys' Brigade in Malaysia
- The Boys' Brigade in Malaysia - Official Webzine
- The Boys' Brigade in New Zealand
- The Boys' Brigade in Nigeria
- The Boys' Brigade in Singapore
- The Boys' Brigade in UK
- FDF; Boys' Brigade's partner organisation in Denmark
- PTK; Boys' Brigade's partner organisation in Finland
- Boys' and Girls' Brigade of the Fox Valley (USA)
- Boys' Brigade camp photographs c.1900
- London Stedfast Association for former Boys' Brigade members
- Behind Tourism International Project