Boys Town (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Norman Taurog|
|Produced by||John W. Considine Jr.|
|Written by||Dore Schary
|Music by||Edward Ward|
|Editing by||Elmo Veron|
|Running time||96 minutes|
Boys Town is a 1938 biographical drama film based on Father Edward J. Flanagan's work with a group of underprivileged and delinquent boys in a home that he founded and named "Boys Town". It stars Spencer Tracy as Father Edward J. Flanagan, and Mickey Rooney, Henry Hull, Gene Reynolds, Edward Norris, and Addison Richards.
Father Flanagan (Spencer Tracy) believes there is no such thing as a bad boy and spends his life attempting to prove it. He battles indifference, the legal system, and often the boys themselves, to build a sanctuary which he calls Boys Town. The boys have their own government, make their own rules, and dish out their own punishment. One boy, Whitey Marsh (Mickey Rooney) is as much as anyone can handle. His brother is in prison for murder, and Whitey himself is a poolroom shark and sometimes a hoodlum. Father Flanagan takes him to Boys Town. Whitey runs away three times, the third time because he hears his brother has escaped. Whitey joins his brother, but Father Flanagan rescues Whitey and helps capture the gang in the act of robbery. Whitey and Father Flanagan return to Boys Town.
- Spencer Tracy as Father Flanagan
- Mickey Rooney as Whitey Marsh
- Henry Hull as Dave Morris
- Leslie Fenton as Dan Farrow
- Gene Reynolds as Tony Ponessa
- Edward Norris as Joe Marsh
- Addison Richards as The Judge
- Minor Watson as The Bishop
- Jonathan Hale as John Hargraves
- Bobs Watson as Pee Wee
- Martin Spellman as Skinny
- Mickey Rentschler as Tommy Anderson
- Frankie Thomas as Freddie Fuller
- Jimmy Butler as Paul Ferguson
- Sidney Miller as Mo Kahn
- Janet Beecher as Mrs. Graves
- Everett Brown as Barky
The film was a massive hit and earned MGM over $2 million in profit.
|Outstanding Production||Nominated||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (John W. Considine, Jr, Producer)
Winner was Frank Capra (Columbia) - You Can't Take It With You
|Best Director||Nominated||Norman Taurog
Winner was Frank Capra - You Can't Take It With You
|Best Actor||Won||Spencer Tracy|
|Best Writing, Screenplay||Nominated||John Meehan and Dore Schary
Winner was Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, George Bernard Shaw - Pygmalion
|Best Writing, Original Story||Won||Eleanore Griffin and Dore Schary|
In February 1939, when he accepted his Oscar for the role, Spencer Tracy responded graciously by spending all of his acceptance speech talking about Father Flanagan. "If you have seen him through me, then I thank you." An overzealous MGM publicity representative announced that Tracy was donating his Oscar to Flanagan without confirming it with Tracy. Tracy's response was: "I earned the damn thing. I want it." The Academy hastily struck another inscription, Tracy kept his statuette, and Boys Town got one, too. It read: "To Father Flanagan, whose great humanity, kindly simplicity, and inspiring courage were strong enough to shine through my humble effort. Spencer Tracy."
Home video releases 
Boys Town was released on VHS by MGM on March 29, 1993 and re-released on VHS on March 7, 2000. On November 8, 2005, it was released on DVD as a part of the "Warner Brothers Classic Holiday Collection", a 3-DVD set which also contains Christmas in Connecticut and the 1938 version of A Christmas Carol, and as an individual disc. The DVD release also includes the 1941 sequel Men of Boys Town as an extra feature.
Sequel: Men of Boys Town 
Released in April 1941, Men of Boys Town takes a darker tone to the plight of homeless and troubled youth. Tracy and Rooney reprise their characters as Father Flanagan and Whitey Marsh as they expose the conditions in a boys reform school. This movie was released on VHS on December 23, 1993, but is now available only as an extra feature on the Boys Town DVD.
Mr. and Mrs. Maitland, a childless couple, invite Whitey to their home on a trial basis. Whitey tries to visit a friend in reform school and inmate Flip is hiding in a car as Whitey leaves. Flip steals money and both boys go to reform school. (This is where the movie takes a darker tone as it depicts, using indirect camera angles, the physical abuse the boys suffer in detention at the facility). Father Flanagan exposes the conditions in the school and the boys are released to him. The Maitlands work to pay off the debts threatening Boys Town.
The film was a hit and became the 9th most popular movie at the US box office in 1941.
Popular culture 
In the Northern Exposure television series 1991 episode "The Big Kiss", orphan Ed Chigliak watches Boys Town and is inspired to find out who his real parents are. He mentions the movie reference to several other characters.
- Clooney, Nick (November 2002). The Movies That Changed Us: Reflections on the Screen. New York: Atria Books, a trademark of Simon & Schuster. p. 205. ISBN 0-7434-1043-2.
- "The Religious Affiliation of Movie Producer Louis B. Mayer".
- James Curtis, Spencer Tracy: A Biography, Alfred Knopf, 2011 p370
- Clooney, p. 212-213
- FILM MONEY-MAKERS SELECTED BY VARIETY: ' Sergeant York' Top Picture, Gary Cooper Leading Star New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 31 Dec 1941: 21.
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- Official website
- Boys Town at the Internet Movie Database
- Boys Town at AllRovi
- Boys Town at the TCM Movie Database
- Boys Town at Rotten Tomatoes