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2008 Bathurst Boys in Red accident

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Boys in Red accident
Flowers and basketball nets behind a puddle and in front of trees.
Flowers at the site of the accident on October 27, 2008
Details
Date 0:08 AST (4:08 UTC)[1] January 12, 2008 (2008-01-12)
Location Route 8 near Bathurst, New Brunswick
Statistics
Vehicles Ford Club Wagon, Mack truck
Passengers 12
Deaths 8
Injuries 4

The Boys in Red accident[a] was a January 12, 2008 collision just outside the city of Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada, between a semi-trailer truck and a van carrying the basketball team from Bathurst High School. The accident killed seven students, the wife of the coach and injured four other occupants in the van.[2] It was the deadliest transportation accident in New Brunswick since 1989, when a logging truck tipped onto a hayride in Cormier Village, killing 13.[3]

The accident was followed by a national day of mourning in Canada, and a ban on all E350 Ford Club Wagon type vehicles being used for student transport in New Brunswick. Two investigations, one by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the other by Transport Canada, found that the cause of the disaster was a combination of poor road conditions, lack of proper snow tires, and possible driver error. Pressure from the public and victims' families prompted the chief coroner of the province to launch an inquiry, which produced recommendations to improve student transport safety in New Brunswick. The provincial government agreed with the majority of the suggestions and has since enacted many of them.

Accident[edit]

The accident occurred on New Brunswick Route 8 shortly after midnight on January 12, 2008, when the team coach was driving the Bathurst High School basketball team northward back from a game in Moncton against the Moncton High School Purple Knights in an E350 Ford Club Wagon. Light freezing rain and low visibility created poor, slippery driving conditions. As the van approached the Bathurst city limits, the coach lost control and veered in front of a southbound semi-trailer truck. The truck collided with the side of the van and the two vehicles came to rest on the shoulder of the southbound lane of the highway approximately 40 metres (130 ft) from the point of impact.[4][5][6]

Deaths
1. Javier Acevedo, age 17
2. Codey Branch, age 17
3. Nathan Cleland, age 17
4. Justin Cormier, age 17
5. Daniel Hains, age 17
6. Nick Kelly, age 16
7. Elizabeth "Beth" Lord, age 51
8. Nickolas Quinn, age 16

The police officer who discovered the wreck initially suspected that only the semi had gone off the road. After further investigation, he found the van and called for emergency services, whose arrival was delayed by freezing rain. The rear wall and a large portion of the right-hand side of the van, including three rows of seats, had been torn away, ejecting several occupants.[4] Seven players and the wife of the team coach were pronounced dead at the scene. The coach, his daughter and the two other players survived the accident and were rushed to Chaleur Regional Hospital in Bathurst. Of the injured, one was listed in critical condition, and two in stable. The fourth was released shortly after the accident. The driver of the truck was not injured.[7]

Reaction[edit]

The accident was met with grief and condolences from New Brunswick and around Canada.

John McLaughlin, School District 15 Superintendent, stated that the community of Bathurst was in a state of shock and mourning. McLaughlin also noted that the coach held the appropriate license to drive the vehicle and that there were no laws or regulations in the province which regulated team transportation in the event of poor weather. He also added:

That's really hard because you have to gauge the weather each time you have to make a decision. As for what happened last night, I can't comment. I don't have that information. But in general, our people take great care in making decisions based on the information that they have at the time.[8]

Premier Shawn Graham said "I just want to extend sympathies to the affected families. This is a tragic situation for the community of Bathurst and our province."[9] Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper said the incident had "shocked the nation" and called for a day of mourning.[5] Valery Vienneau, Bishop of Bathurst, read a message on behalf of Pope Benedict XVI stating: "[The Pope] expresses sentiments of deep sympathy and spiritual closeness to the members of their families and to all staff and students who have been touched by this tragedy. The Pope assures all concerned of his prayers for those who died and for their families."[10]

On January 16, all sports-related extracurricular activities in New Brunswick were cancelled. Services were held across the country. Some schools asked students to wear red and black, the colours of Bathurst High School. The funeral for the seven deceased players was held in Bathurst at the K. C. Irving Regional Centre, which was filled with 6,000 people. An additional 3,500 mourners filled the adjacent rink to watch the service on a widescreen television.[11] Elizabeth Lord's private funeral followed the next day.[12]

Investigation[edit]

Both the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and Transport Canada conducted investigations on the accident. The RCMP released its report on July 29, 2008. The report stated that the van would not have passed a safety inspection at the time of the accident because of rust in its body, worn all-season tires, and faulty brakes. None of these factors could be identified as the sole cause of the accident, but the report noted that "together, they certainly contributed".[6] The report added that speed was not a factor in the crash, as the van was only travelling about 73 kilometres per hour (45 mph) and the truck at approximately 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph) at the time of impact, both of which were well below the posted limit of 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph). The van had been inspected on October 29, 2007, just over two months prior to the collision, and was four months away from its next inspection. The report resulted in public questioning of New Brunswick's motor vehicle inspection program.[6][13]

Transport Canada released its report on July 30, 2008. It blamed weather conditions, but also focused on driver fatigue and driver error. It cited several breaches of provincial law regarding the operation of commercial vehicles. The coach had been on duty for sixteen hours when the collision happened, contravening the law that one cannot drive if they have been working more than fourteen consecutive hours. The report also identified inadequate pre-trip inspections and log book keeping, and the lack of a contingency plan in the event of poor weather.[4] Transport Canada stated that although they put an added emphasis on some factors, their report was consistent with the RCMP's. They concurred that the vehicle would have failed an inspection in its pre-collision state because of worn tires and brakes.[14]

Six of the dead were not wearing seat belts, while a seventh was not properly restrained. Greg Sypher, a collision analyst and principal Transport Canada investigator, later suggested that seat belts most likely would not have saved all the victims' lives.[15] Randy Arseneau credits the fact that his son, Bradd Arseneau, was not wearing his seatbelt for Bradd's survival, saying that if Bradd had not been thrown to the floor just before the collision he may also have died.[16]

Aftermath[edit]

Black van parked in a parking lot
Ford E350 van similar to the one involved in the accident, only of different color.

Following the accident New Brunswick immediately halted the use of 15 passenger vans and began a thorough review of transportation policy; many other provinces later did the same. At the time of the tragedy only Nova Scotia had a ban on 15 passenger vans, following an accident in 1984.[17][18][19]

Many at Bathurst High School speculated that its senior varsity basketball team would not be able to continue after the crash. Only five team members team remained, including three students who did not go to Moncton because of illness.[20] Despite this, the Bathurst Phantoms' basketball team defeated the Campobello Vikings 82–50 to win the Provincial AA championship a year later.[21]

Recommendations[edit]

On August 26, 2008, a government working group presented New Brunswick Education Minister Kelly Lamrock with eight recommendations for extracurricular transportation. The recommendations included that guidelines for transporting students to school-related extracurricular activities be strengthened, that a school bus be used when transporting ten or more students, that vehicles be equipped with snow tires if travelling between October 15 and April 30, and that the district superintendent be charged with responsibility for ensuring safe transportation of students to and from extracurricular activities. Lamrock initially suggested that schools voluntarily follow the recommendations, though they were later made into enforceable policy.[22][23]

One major effect of the recommendations is that, as of November 2008, it is mandatory that all vehicle operators who intend to use their vehicles to transport students between extracurricular activities be covered by a Third Party Liability and Accident Benefit policy. These policies must be in the amount of no less than CAD$1 million for vehicles with a capacity of fewer than 10 passengers, and no less than CAD$5 million for vehicles with a capacity of 10 or more. This also applies to parents driving others' children to school related extracurricular activities.[24]

The changes were met with critical reception in the province. Many students are now required to pay higher sports fees to cover higher transportation costs.[25] Some schools do not have access to approved vehicles because the Education Act prohibits schools and school districts from owning vehicles. To get around this they use corporate entities to operate vehicles for extracurricular activities. These require money to buy new vehicles and the required insurance, which often requires schools to conduct extra fundraising.[26]

Responsibility[edit]

On November 12, 2008, the RCMP ruled out laying criminal charges in relation to the accident. It stated that the finding had been reviewed by a Crown prosecutor and that no wrongdoing was found.[27] The families of two of the deceased expressed disapproval of the decision and indicated that they may bring a lawsuit against several of the involved parties, though others have publicly stated that they accepted the decision. The chief coroner of the province stated that a provincial inquest was possible, though it would take some time to come to any decision on the matter. No decision on whether or not to have an inquest was made for over a month.[28][29]

Two families accused the Department of Public Safety of "dragging its feet". These families stated that they wanted a "Van Angels" law that would require any driver taking students outside of their community to possess a Class 2 driver's license. They also wanted a weather law that would prevent students from travelling outside of their communities during severe weather.[30][31] Ana Acevedo and Isabelle Hains, mothers of two of the deceased, went so far as to launch a website, vanangels.ca, which is dedicated to the memory of their sons and contains a blog related to the accident formerly included a petition to hold an inquest.[32]

On December 17, 2008, Greg Forestell, the province's acting chief coroner, called for an inquiry into the accident, stating that "[t]he inquest gives us the opportunity to pull all those facts together in a comprehensive manner and look at the issues in their entirety and have the jury make recommendations for prevention."[33] The decision was met with much approval from the victims' families.[33][34] The inquest began on May 4, 2009 and lasted until May 14. It included testimony from survivors, experts, and provincial officials. The inquest did not blame anyone directly for the accident, but the jury returned 24 recommendations. Kelly Lamrock stated that the province intended to implement the "vast majority" of these recommendations and that a third of them had already been initiated.[35]

Atlantic Wholesalers Limited and Loblaws lawsuit[edit]

On December 22, 2009 Atlantic Wholesalers Limited and Loblaws filed a joint claim against the coach and Bathurst Van Inc. In the lawsuit the plaintiffs complained that negligence on behalf of the defendants was responsible for the crash. Atlantic Wholesalers and Loblaws argue that they are owed $40,667.86 in damages, and an additional $847.50 to cover the clean-up costs. After extensive press coverage and public backlash, Atlantic Wholesalers and Loblaws attempted to defend their action stating that this action was "normal insurance procedures follow an accident of this nature". Public outrage spread and on January 8, 2010, Loblaws dropped the suit for unspecefied reasons after enormous public backlash with numerous persons calling for a boycott of the chain.[36]

Memorial[edit]

A memorial for the victims was unveiled on June 6, 2008, at Bathurst High School. An archway with a basketball net was placed in a courtyard behind the school. The memorial was funded by money donations. A temporary memorial at the crash site consisting of two basketball nets and flowers was also erected, and one of the nets featuring pictures of the players remained there as of January 2014. A permanent "Boys in Red" memorial for the victims of the van crash has been erected on an empty lot on King Avenue in the city's downtown area near the Bathurst High School. The memorial was erected in a small walking park near the school. It consists of three vertical columns of red quartz. The site has been used for a memorial space in the past as 2 small stones with plaques are placed by the st john st sidewalks of the park with 2 small trees erected as a memorial of 2 Bathurst High students who were among the class of 2001 who died in automobile accidents as well a few months before graduation.

See also[edit]

Note[edit]

  • ^[a] The accident's name is derived from the Bathurst High School colors, red and black.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°35′25″N 65°37′10″W / 47.59028°N 65.61944°W / 47.59028; -65.61944

  1. ^ "Bathurst, N.B., prepares to mark van crash anniversary". Canadian Television. 2009-01-11. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  2. ^ "Bathurst high school unveils 'Boys in Red' memorial". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-06-06. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  3. ^ "Canada's worst road accidents". Ottawa Citizen. 2006-04-19. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  4. ^ a b c "Special Investigation V ASF5-1210 1997 Ford E 350 Super Club XLT Van Vs. 2005 Mack CXN613 "Vision" tractor towing a 2007 Great Dane Super LT reefer semitrailer" (PDF). Transport Canada Road Safety. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  5. ^ a b "Small N.B. city in disbelief after 8 killed in crash". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  6. ^ a b c "RCMP’s collision reconstructionist report completed into crash which claimed eight lives,, Bathurst, N.B.". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 2008-07-28. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  7. ^ CTV article "N.B. collision kills 8, including 7 teammates". Canadian Television. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  8. ^ "Winter team travel leaves parents nervous". Canadian Television. 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  9. ^ "Condolences on deaths of seven students and teacher (08/01/12)". Government of New Brunswick. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  10. ^ Morris, Chris (2008-01-16). "Mourners fill arena for funeral". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  11. ^ "Arena packed as Bathurst students' funeral begins". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  12. ^ "Schools across Canada remember the Boys in Red". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  13. ^ "Van in Bathurst tragedy would have failed inspection: RCMP report". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-07-29. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  14. ^ "Across Canada, schoolboards following N.B. crash report". Canwest Publishing Inc. 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  15. ^ "Seatbelts might not have saved lives in Bathurst van crash: Transport Canada". National Post. 2008-07-29. Retrieved 2008-10-26. [dead link]
  16. ^ "N.B. survivor recalls crash as community mourns". Canadian Television. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  17. ^ "Use of 15-seat vans suspended in N.B.". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  18. ^ "Edmonton public plans Sept. ban for 'death trap on wheels'". Edmonton Journal. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  19. ^ "Experts question safety of van in N.B. crash". Canadian Television. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  20. ^ "Students find some laughter as grieving continues in Bathurst". CTV. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  21. ^ "Year after tragedy, Bathurst basketball team triumphs". CTV. 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  22. ^ "N.B. adopts new guidelines for student transport". Canadian Television. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  23. ^ "Case closed on Bathurst van crash". Telegraph-Journal. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  24. ^ "Guideline 513 Student Activity Vehicles" (PDF). New Brunswick Department of Education. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  25. ^ "New transport guidelines present challenges for smaller schools". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  26. ^ "Athletic fees may rise, warns high school principal". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-08-28. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  27. ^ "RCMP rule out charges in fatal Bathurst van crash". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  28. ^ "'They just can't get away with that': Moms want charges laid in Bathurst van crash". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  29. ^ "Father calls for coroner's inquest into Bathurst van crash". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-11-14. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  30. ^ "Mothers of 2 students killed in van crash demand inquiry, new laws". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  31. ^ "'I pray to God' for a coroner's inquest into Bathurst van crash: mother". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  32. ^ "Grieving moms want coroner's inquest into van crash". Canadian Television. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  33. ^ a b "N.B. coroner calls inquiry into Bathurst van tragedy". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  34. ^ "Coroner's inquest into Bathurst van crash slated for May". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  35. ^ "Bathurst coroner's jury advises limiting winter travel for sports". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  36. ^ "Loblaws backs off lawsuit against Bathurst coach". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2010-01-08. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 

External links[edit]