Bozhou

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Bozhou
亳州市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Bozhou City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Bozhou City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 4
Municipal seat Qiaocheng District
(33°52′N 115°45′E / 33.867°N 115.750°E / 33.867; 115.750)
Government
 • Mayor Liu Jian (刘健)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 8,394 km2 (3,241 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Prefecture-level city 168,914
 • Density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)
 • Metro 5,100,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 236800
Area code(s) (+86) 558
License Plate Prefix S
Website bozhou.gov.cn

Bozhou (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bózhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Huaibei to the northeast, Bengbu to the southeast, Huainan to the south, Fuyang to the southwest, and the province of Henan to the north.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Bozhou administers 4 county-level divisions, including 1 district and 3 counties.

English Name Chinese Name (Simplified / Traditional) Pin yin Post Code
Qiaocheng District 谯城区 / 譙城區 Qiáochéng Qū 236800
Woyang County 涡阳县 / 渦陽縣 Guōyáng Xiàn 233600
Lixin County 利辛县 / 利辛縣 Lìxīn Xiàn 236700
Mengcheng County 蒙城县 / 蒙城縣 Méngchéng Xiàn 233500

Geography[edit]

Bozhou features a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with four distinct seasons. With an annual mean temperature of 14.66 °C (58.4 °F), the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 0.6 °C (33.1 °F) in January to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in August. Winters are damp and cold (yet the precipitation is low) while summers are hot and humid. Rainfall is heavily concentrated in the warmer months, as more than half of the annual total occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in January and March to 54% in May, the city receives 2,242 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Bozhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
8.6
(47.5)
13.9
(57)
21.4
(70.5)
26.8
(80.2)
31.2
(88.2)
32.0
(89.6)
31.1
(88)
27.2
(81)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
8.3
(46.9)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.5
(38.3)
9.8
(49.6)
15.1
(59.2)
20.3
(68.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
17.2
(63)
10.9
(51.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
10.1
(50.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.4
(0.646)
21.1
(0.831)
37.4
(1.472)
43.8
(1.724)
69.3
(2.728)
101.9
(4.012)
204.1
(8.035)
131.1
(5.161)
71.8
(2.827)
53.5
(2.106)
25.8
(1.016)
13.9
(0.547)
790.1
(31.105)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 5.0 6.8 6.5 7.6 8.5 12.2 10.5 7.8 7.0 5.4 3.9 85.3
 % humidity 68 66 66 66 68 69 81 82 77 74 70 67 71.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.0 145.4 171.0 206.2 231.4 222.9 212.8 215.7 189.8 187.4 161.8 152.2 2,241.6
Percent possible sunshine 46 47 46 53 54 52 49 52 51 53 52 50 50.4
Source: China Meteorological Administration

History[edit]

Bozhou was, in addition to being a prefecture during the Tang Dynasty, once the Qiao Commandry (谯郡) at the time of the Sui Dynasty.

In 1355, during the Mongol Dynasty, Han Lin'er (韓林兒) was proclaimed by Liu Futong (劉福通) to be the Emperor of Great Song (大宋, a reference to the extinct Song Empire) with the era name Longfeng (龍鳳 "Dragon and fenghuang"). Chao was nicknamed "The Little Ming King" (小明王).

In 1368, Bo Prefecture was downgraded in status and became a county. In 1496, it was again upgraded to a prefecture then later lowered to a county in 1912 when it became Bo County. In May 1986, it was upgraded to a county-level city administered by the Fuyang Region (阜阳地区). In 1996, Bozhou was upgraded to a provincially directly administered city (省直辖市), under the control of Fuyang City on behalf of the province. The province has directly administered Bozhou since February 1998. In June 2000, Bozhou was made a prefecture-level city.

Bozhou is currently the capital of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in mainland China[citation needed], with one of the largest TCM industries in the country. In 2008 companies based in Bozhou exported over 160,000 tons of products (out of total Chinese exports of 240,000 tons). Whilst relatively undeveloped in terms of westernisation, Bozhou continues to be the primary location for TCM within China. The international TCM Expo is held in Bozhou on the 9th of September each year which sees delegates from around the world coming to discuss TCM.

The city is located on two main Chinese train routes running from Beijing to the south and from the east to Shanghai which facilitate the easy transportation of goods and people.

Bozhou's population currently stands at around the three million mark which makes it small by Chinese standards. Whilst Bozhou is currently developing and expanding, it still has few internationally recognized brands based in the city.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]