Bozorgmehr-e Bokhtagan (Middle Persian: Wuzurgmihr ī Bōkhtagān) is the name of a Grand Vizier of the Sasanian Emperor Khosrau I (reign 531–579) attested in the literature and legend of Iran. According to Persian and Arabic sources, he was a man of "exceptional wisdom and sage counsels" and later became a characterisation of the expression. His name appears in several important works in Persian literature, most notably in the Shahnameh.
The historian Arthur Christensen has suggested that Bozorgmehr was the same person as Borzūya the physician, but historigraphical studies of post-Sassanid Persian literature, as well as linguistic analysis show otherwise. However, the word "Borzūya" can sometimes be considered a shortened form of Bozorgmehr.
An early reference to Bozorgmehr is found in the Aydāgār ī Wuzurgmihr, in which he is called an argbed—a high-ranking title in the Sassanid and Parthian periods. Among other sources, later mention of him is made in the Shahnameh and in Ṯaʿālebī’s Ḡorar and Masʿūdī’s Morūj.
Several Middle Persian treatises such as the Ayādgār ī Wuzurgmihr ī Bōxtagān and Wizārišn ī čatrang ("Treatise on Chess") as well as the original versions of the Ketāb al-zabarj, a commentary on Vettius Valens’s Astrologica, and Ketāb Mehrāzād Jošnas (Mehrāḏar Jošnas) as well as the Ẓafar-nāma, a book in Persian said to have been translated from Middle Persian by Avicenna, are attributed to Bozorgmehr.
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