|• Mayor||Dr. Ralf Göck|
|• Total||10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Brühl (help·info) is a municipality in the Rhein-Neckar district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The former fishing village along the Rhine has become a satellite of a growing Mannheim. Many of the residents of Brühl work in Mannheim. Brühl is known as the hometown of former tennis player Steffi Graf.
Mannheim lies directly on Brühl's northern border. The Rhine is to the west near the confluence of the Leimbach. The peninsular Koller Island (Kollerinsel) is one of the few pieces of land on the left bank of the Rhine that belong to Baden-Württemberg. This 4 km² area is part of Brühl. It borders the communities of Altrip, Waldsee, and Otterstadt. To the south is Ketsch and to the east is Schwetzingen.
The municipality consists of two boroughs:
Rohrhof was first mentioned in documents in 976. This was the occasion of a gift from emperor Otto II to Hanno, the bishop of Worms. Brühl (Bruowele) was first mentioned in a document listing the income of the bishop of Speyer in 1157. From 1405 until 1600, the lords of Handschuhsheim governed the land as a temporal fief from Speyer and the Electorate of the Palatinate of the Rhine. This division of temporal and spiritual dominion (condominium) ended with a treaty in which Speyer withdrew its worldly rights in 1709. In 1803 the towns became part of Baden. In 1878 the two independent communities of Brühl and Rohrhof were unified. In 1944 a part of Rohrhof was given to Mannheim.
Live and celebrate on the Rhine is the motto of the communities jubilee, "850 Years Brühl" on 13 March 2007.
|Municipal Council 2004|
|Independent (Freiewähler)||19.12 %||4|
|Citizens' Association||4.31 %||1|
|Voter Participation: 54.01%|
A partial list of the mayors of Brühl:
- 1849–1870 Michael Lindner
- 1870–1897 Wilhelm Eder
- 1897–1973 …
- 1973–1981 Gerhard Stratthaus (CDU)
- 1982–1998 Günther Reffert (CDU)
- 1998–to present Ralf Göck (SPD)
Coat of arms
Azure with a horseshoe argent. The horseshoe was first documented on a road-side shrine in 1496. Later it appeared on all the seals of the community. In 1911 the coat of arms was officially awarded to Brühl by the General State Archive. The white and blue colors refer to the lords of the Electorate of the Palatinate of the Rhine, the Wittelsbachs.
The flag is white and blue and was awarded by the Ministry of the Interior in 1960.
- Ormesson-sur-Marne, France since 1977
- Weixdorf, Saxony since 1993, which has been a borough of Dresden since 1999
- Dourtenga, Burkina Faso since 1997
Culture and sights
- TV Brühl, a gymnastics club with the following work groups:
- Table tennis
- FV Brühl, a football club with the following work groups:
- Track and field
Brühl has a heated outdoor community swimming pool and an indoor swimming pool. There is a youth center in Rennerswald.
- Two fishing festivals
- On the anniversary of the consecration of the church, Brühl has a street festival.
- The Rohrhof Summer Festival
- Steffi Graf, professional tennis player. Graf was actually born in Mannheim. Her father, Peter Graf, still lives in the community.
The following were named honorary citizens in the year mentioned:
- 1905: Johann Baptist Eder, politician
- 1973: Alfred Körber, former mayor
- 1988: Steffi Graf
- 1993: Karl Mauerer, municipal councilor, district assemblyman (CDU)
- 2000: Oliver d'Ormesson, mayor of Ormesson-sur-Marne
- 2002: Gerhard Stratthaus, former mayor and minister of Baden-Württemberg (CDU)
- 2004: Gerd Stauffer, first vice mayor (CDU)
- 2008: Günther Reffert, former mayor
- 2008: Hans Motzenbäcker
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
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- Translated and edited from de:Brühl (Baden), 16 Dec 2006