Brécourt

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For the French actor and the World War II attack, see :fr:Brécourt and Brécourt Manor Assault.
Brécourt
aliases: Équeurdreville,[1] Martinvast[2]
Part of Nazi Germany
Équeurdreville-Hainneville, in Manche, France
Brecourt.jpg
Dwight Eisenhower visiting the Brécourt1 V-1 flying bomb facility near Cherbourg
Coordinates Coordinates: 49°39′7″N 1°40′12″W / 49.65194°N 1.67000°W / 49.65194; -1.67000
Type bunker
Site information
Site history
Built 1932-1944
In use never used[3]
Materials concrete
Battles/wars Operation Crossbow
Events started 1932
bombed November 11, 1943
captured July, 1944

Brécourt was a Nazi Germany bunker started inside an underground French Naval oil storage facility. On July 7, 1943, the site was ordered to be completed as a V-2 rocket launch facility.[4] Early in 1944,[5] the facility was converted to a V-1 flying bomb launch facility[6] and subsequently completed.[7]

The military installation was virtually undetectable by aerial observation,[3][8] although the 387th Bombardment Group records indicate Operation Crossbow bombing of the "Martinvast V-1 site" on November 11, 1943.[9] The Allies captured the site a few days before July 4, 1944, and both Dwight Eisenhower and Winston Churchill subsequently visited the facility – the latter reportedly dropping an apple he was eating in astonishment of the massive facility.[4]

Notes[edit]

^1 The location for the photo of Eisenhower on the stairs has also been identified as Söttevast.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortifications Built by Prussia or Germany". Fortifications of the World. 2003-05-25. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  2. ^ King, Benjamin. Impact: The History of Germany's V-Weapons in World War II. pp. p112. 
  3. ^ a b "Cherbourg-Brécourt". Bases launch V1 Cotentin and Seine-Maritime. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  4. ^ a b Maridor, Jean. "Le site V1 de Cherbourg Brécourt". Les bombes volantes V1. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  5. ^ "Brecourt". The Atlantik Wall In Normandy. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  6. ^ Collier, Basil (1976) [1964]. The Battle of the V-Weapons, 1944-1945. Yorkshire: The Emfield Press. pp. p35. ISBN 0-7057-0070-4. 
  7. ^ Henshall, Philip (1985). Hitler’s Rocket Sites. New York: St Martin's Press. pp. p147. 
  8. ^ "La fusée A4 V2". Les Sites V1 du Nord de la France. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  9. ^ "Combat Missions". 387th Bombardment Group (Medium). Retrieved 2008-11-12. 

External links[edit]