Brașov County

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Brașov County
Județul Brașov
County
Administrative map
Administrative map
Coat of arms of Brașov County
Coat of arms
Location of Brașov County in Romania
Location of Brașov County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°47′N 25°17′E / 45.79°N 25.28°E / 45.79; 25.28Coordinates: 45°47′N 25°17′E / 45.79°N 25.28°E / 45.79; 25.28
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Brașov
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Aristotel Căncescu (National Liberal Party)
 • Prefect2 Adriana Donțu
Area
 • Total 5,363 km2 (2,071 sq mi)
Area rank 25th in Romania
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Total 549,217
 • Rank 13th in Romania
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 50wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x684
Car Plates BV5
GDP US$ 6.63 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 11,262 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Brașov (Romanian pronunciation: [braˈʃov] ( )) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brașov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (țări) Burzenland and Făgăraș.

Name[edit]

In Hungarian, it is known as Brassó megye, and in German as Kreis Kronstadt. During Austro-Hungarian administration, from 1876 to 1918, there was a county with similar name (see: Brassó County).

Demographics[edit]

In October 20, 2011, it had a population of 549,217 and the population density was 100/km².[1]

Year County population[1][2]
1948 300,836
1956 Increase 373,941
1966 Increase 442,692
1977 Increase 582,863
1992 Increase 642,513
2002 Decrease 589,028
2011 Decrease 549,217

Traditionally the Romanian population was concentrated in the West and South-West of the County, the Hungarians are in the East part of the county, and the Germans were in the North and around Brașov city.

Geography[edit]

The county has a total area of 5,363 km².

The South side comprises the Carpathian Mountains (Southern Carpathians and Eastern Carpathians) with Făgăraș Mountains, Bucegi Mountains, Piatra Mare Mountains, Piatra Craiului Mountains and the Postăvarul Massif. In the east side there is the Brașov Depression, and in the west side there is the Olt River valley. Between them there are the Perșani Mountains. The North and West side of the county is crossed by the Olt River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Brașov is one of the most prosperous regions of Romania and has a tradition in industry. During WWII, IAR 80 and towards the end of the war Bf109, fighter aircraft were built in Brașov. During the communist period it was heavily industrialised, and its heritage were some very large industrial complexes. Some of them managed to survive and adapt to the capitalist type market economy, some of them didn't, leaving behind them a high rate of unemployment. Due to new investments, mainly foreign ones, the economy managed to partially recover.[citation needed]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mechanical and automotive industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Food industry.

Around Victoria there are big chemical complexes which pollute the region.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

Brașov contains some of the most attractive tourist destinations in Romania.

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Brașov County has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 48 communes:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002"

External links[edit]