Bracknell Forest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bracknell Forest
Unitary authority, Borough
Shown within Berkshire
Shown within Berkshire
Coordinates: 51°25′01″N 0°44′49″W / 51.417°N 0.7469°W / 51.417; -0.7469Coordinates: 51°25′01″N 0°44′49″W / 51.417°N 0.7469°W / 51.417; -0.7469
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Status Unitary authority
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Body Bracknell Forest Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
Area
 • Total 42.23 sq mi (109.38 km2)
Area rank 214th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 113,700
 • Rank 196th (of 326)
 • Density 2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 00MA (ONS) E06000036 (GSS)
OS grid reference SU871694
Website www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk

Bracknell Forest is one of six unitary authority areas within Berkshire in southern England. It covers the two towns of Bracknell and Sandhurst as well as surrounding villages including Crowthorne and Binfield. It also includes the areas of North Ascot, Warfield and Winkfield. Parts of the borough border neighbouring boroughs such as Wokingham Borough Council and the Royal Borough of Windsor & Maidenhead. The south of the borough also borders onto Hampshire and Surrey.

History[edit]

Bracknell Forest was formed on 1 April 1974, as the non-metropolitan district of Bracknell. The district took on the territory of the former Easthampstead Rural District (in which the Bracknell new town had been developed). It changed its name in May 1988, at the same time as it was granted borough status.

On 1 April 1998, Berkshire County Council was abolished, as a consequence of the Banham Review, and Bracknell Forest Borough Council became a unitary authority. From 2008, references to 'borough' were phased out in favour of simply Bracknell Forest Council.

Since 1973, Bracknell Forest has been twinned with Opladen in Germany, continued by Leverkusen after Opladen's incorporation in 1975.

There are 265 Listed Buildings in the borough of which 254 are Grade II, 10 are Grade II* and 1 is Grade I which is Point Royal, a tower block built in the early 1960s by Philip Dowson and Derek Sugden of Arup Associates the company responsible for the design of the Sydney Opera House.[1]

There are five sites in the borough included on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens: Ascot Place, Broadmoor Hospital, Newbold College, South Hill Park and Windsor Great Park.[2]

Bracknell Forest Borough Council's offices at Time Square in Market Street were featured in an episode of Road Wars on 4 February 2010 when a pursuit ended in the carpark.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Two rivers run through Bracknell Forest: the River Blackwater forms the borough’s southern boundary, and the Cut meanders through the northern parishes. These receive water from small streams within the borough namely the Bull Brook in the north which feeds into the Cut and the Wish stream which flows into the River Blackwater. The built and developed proportion of the Borough amounts to about 35% of the total land area. Extensive forests cover more than 20% of the total area, consisting principally of parts of Windsor Forest; predominantly conifer plantation owned and managed by the Crown Estate and Forestry Commission. Agricultural land covers 24% of the land, located mainly in the north of the borough.

More than 20% of the borough is recognised as being of a high wildlife value and protected by some form of designation. Nine sites in Bracknell Forest are designated as Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), comprising 1911.5 hectares or 17.48% of the Borough’s total area. The largest, Broadmoor to Bagshot Woods & Heaths SSSI was designated in 2001 to include the majority of Swinley Forest.

The Thames Basin Heaths Special Protection Area (SPA), 1356 hectares of which lie within Bracknell Forest (Sandhurst to Owlsmoor Bogs and Heaths SSSI and the Broadmoor to Bagshot Woods and Heaths SSSI), supports nationally important populations of Dartford Warbler, Nightjar and Woodlark, all of which are Annex I species of the Birds Directive, and a small breeding population of Hobby, an important migratory species in a European context.

Demographics[edit]

Bracknell Forest is generally affluent (ranked 291 out of 326 on the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010, Rank of Average Score)[3] with significantly lower than average unemployment levels. Property prices and levels of car ownership are significantly higher than the national average.[4] According to the Office for National Statistics figures the borough’s population is 113,696.[5] 77% of the borough’s population, aged between 16 and 74 years are economically active with the service sector employing the largest proportion, 46.4% of this group. Only 11% of the population is of pensionable age, compared to a national average of 18%, with 7% being over 75 years old.[4]

There are many distinctive local geographical communities within Bracknell Forest, from Sandhurst and Crowthorne in the south, the semi-rural communities of Binfield, Winkfield and Warfield in the north and the former new town of Bracknell in the centre, which contains most of the Borough’s commercial and industrial areas.[6]

According to the Office for National Statistics figures, the majority of the Borough’s residents (89.6%) consider themselves to be 'White'. The second largest group is defined as 'Asian' at 4.34%, third as 'Black' at 2.35%, fourth as Mixed at 1.82%[7] Culturally the population is predominantly Christian (77.8%), but growing and increasingly becoming a more diverse ethnic mix. The second largest group have no religion (19.4%), third largest being Hindu (1.1%), fourth largest is Muslim (0.7%) followed by Buddhists (0.3%) and other religions (0.3%), followed by Jewish (0.2%) and Sikh (0.2%) populations.[8]

The population is quite healthy comparing well regionally and nationally with life expectancy at 80.15 years.[9]

Industry[edit]

Bracknell Forest is a base for high-tech industries and home to companies such as Panasonic, Fujitsu (formerly ICL) and Fujitsu Siemens Computers, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Sharp Corporation and LSI Corporation. The software development and computer services side of the industry also thrives in Bracknell Forest and includes companies like Cable and Wireless, Honeywell, Avnet, Novell, and RSA Security. Pharmaceutical and engineering companies also draw together in Bracknell Forest, these include Boehringer Ingelheim, Syngenta, Minebea, Daler-Rowney and Hyundai Heavy Industries.

Bracknell is also home to the central Waitrose distribution centre and head office which is on a 70-acre (280,000 m2) site on the Southern Industrial Estate. Waitrose has operated from the town since the 1970s. The town is also home to the UK headquarters of BMW and the headquarters of Avis Europe.

Swinley Forest[edit]

Main article: Swinley Woods

There is no forest called 'Bracknell Forest'. This name is often confused with Swinley Forest (or Woods), which is an area of the Windsor Estate between Bracknell and Bagshot. Owned and managed by the Crown Estates, it comprises 2,600 acres (11 km2) of woodland (mainly Scots Pine). It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), and has protected areas for the birds that live there.

It also provides some of the best mountain biking in South-East England, with many off road 'single-track' trails available as well as plenty of fire roads. Mountain biking is permitted with a permit. In recent years, Swinley forest has also been used as a filming location for a number of films including Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Parts 1 & 2.[citation needed]

Civil parishes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Life is for living cultural strategy 2008 – 2012. http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/life-is-for-living-cultural-strategy-2008-to-2012.pdf, Retrieved 2012-03-09, p. 25.
  2. ^ Life is for living Two Cultural Strategy 2008 – 2012. http://democratic.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/Published/C00000102/M00001566/AI00008338/$LifeisforLiving.doc.pdf, Retrieved 2012-10-15, p. 12.
  3. ^ Department for Communities and Local Government, Indices of Deprivation 2010, http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/corporate/statistics/indices2010
  4. ^ a b All of Us Community Cohesion Strategy, p19, http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/all-of-us-community-cohesion-strategy.pdf, Retrieved 15 March 2012
  5. ^ 2010 ONS Population Estimates Unit published tables, Office for National Statistics Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2011, http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-262039
  6. ^ All of Us Community Cohesion Strategy, p18, http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/all-of-us-community-cohesion-strategy.pdf, Retrieved 15 March 2012
  7. ^ Estimated resident population by ethnic group and age mid-2009 experimental statistics http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-50029, Retrieved 15 March 2012
  8. ^ Census 2001 Summary theme figures and rankings – Ethnicity and Religion, http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-225846, Retrieved 15 March 2012
  9. ^ All of Us Community Cohesion Strategy, p20, http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/all-of-us-community-cohesion-strategy.pdf, Retrieved 15 March 2012

External links[edit]