Braddock Hills, Pennsylvania
|Official name: Borough of Braddock Hills|
|Named for: Edward Braddock|
|Elevation||1,102 ft (336 m)|
|Area||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|- land||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||1,880 / sq mi (725.9 / km2)|
|- Incorporated||May 2, 1946|
|Mayor||Mark Vogel |
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|School District||Woodland Hills|
Braddock Hills is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. Braddock Hills is located approximately 8 miles (13 km) east of downtown Pittsburgh. The population of Braddock Hills was 1,880 at the 2010 census.
Braddock Hills is located at .
Braddock Hills is located northwest of Braddock's Field, the site of General Edward Braddock's 1755 defeat during the French and Indian War. The main road which winds through the borough, Brinton Road, was originally an Indian trail, used by the area's indigenous people to keep watch for their enemies. The other main road in the borough, Braddock Road, was the main link between Braddock Hills and Braddock used by farmers and coal miners. The first area of the borough to be settled was along Brinton Road, first settled as Hannatown.
First settled in 1753, the area was part of Wilkins Township until 1885, when Braddock Township was incorporated. On May 2, 1946, after Braddock Township had already been broken up into the boroughs of Swissvale, North Braddock, and Rankin, the remaining area incorporated itself as Braddock Hills.
Braddock Hills experienced a housing boom following World War II. Many GI's used their VA loans to acquire newly built homes. Most of the new homes were built on Illinois Ave, Park Ave, Columbia Ave, Circle, McKelvey Ave, and Kings Ave. These homes were generally small brick Cape Cods, colonials, or brick ranches. While much of the borough has new housing, there are many older structures. Miners built shotgun-style homes. Many of these homes were located on Indiana Avenue. Some are still in use.
Many older residents can recall when the Braddock Hills Shopping Center on Yost Boulevard was the location of a drive-in movie theater. The Ardmore Drive-In operated from 1959 to 1976; it was then torn down and was replaced with a shopping center that included a Dollar Bank, Gold Circle Department Store, Giant Eagle, Rite Aid, and several small shops and restaurants. Gold Circle would later close and was replaced with a Builder's Square that also closed. Since 2010 the space has been occupied by the Propel Braddock Hills Elementary and High Schools.
During the 1980s the shopping center's parking lot hosted a Sunday flea market and the Braddock Hills Days Festival. Other long gone businesses include Azinger's (corner store with lunch meat, milk, bread, and candy), Gigante's (Italian grocery store), Stop and Go's, the gas station on the corner of Brinton and Wilkins Avenue, and the infamous Hank's ConCan (bar located on Wilkins Avenue).
Like many Western Pennsylvania communities, Braddock Hills was a coal town. There are many abandoned coal mines located throughout the town. This has resulted in sinkholes in an area that has been called the "coal fields". The coal fields are located in the center of the community. It is a wooded area that is home to deer, raccoons, opossums, squirrels, and many types of wild birds. At one time, there were several "paths" or foot trails that criss-crossed the borough. During the 1970s, the center of the coal fields had a sports field that was accessible by a dirt road. Local softball and baseball teams would play among the trees.
Another prominent historical feature of the borough is the Braddock Catholic Cemetery. It served as the burying ground for many mill workers in the surrounding communities.
Braddock Hills was the home of Leonard A. Funk, a Medal of Honor recipient. A monument dedicated to his exemplary service is located on Brinton Road in front of the senior citizens' building.
Park Avenue is the longest street in this community.
The area along Brinton Road, Hannatown, had its own one-room schoolhouse, which eventually became a small brick elementary school known as Braddock Hills Elementary, on land donated by the Hanna family, that grew until 1966, when a court mandate combined the educational system of Braddock Hills with that of the neighboring borough of Swissvale. Braddock Hills Elementary closed its doors in 1978. It would soon be converted into a community center that would house the police department and a daycare center. In 1981, the Swissvale Area School District combined, after court ordered desegregation, even further to form the Woodland Hills School District that serves Braddock Hills today.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,998 people, 1,020 households, and 513 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,060.4 people per square mile (795.3/km²). There were 1,077 housing units at an average density of 1,110.6 per square mile (428.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 79.38% White, 17.97% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 1.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.
There were 1,020 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.7% were non-families. 46.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the borough the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 28.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 80.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $30,382, and the median income for a family was $40,517. Males had a median income of $32,434 versus $24,009 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,545. About 10.2% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.
- "Braddock Hills Borough" (in English). Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Braddock Hills borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Allegheny County - 2nd Class" (in English). Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.