Bradford East (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bradford East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bradford East in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 66,718 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Bradford
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament David Ward (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Created from Bradford North
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Bradford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Bradford East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Liberal Democrat David Ward. He sat an Independent MP when his party whip was withdrawn in July 2013 for three months following comments he had made about the state of Israel.[2][n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency originally existed from 1885 to 1974 and was recreated for the 2010 general election.

Following a 2007-2009 review of parliamentary boundaries in West Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England the Bradford North constituency was abolished and Bradford East created.

Boundaries[edit]

Municipal boundaries of Bradford[edit]

Bradford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford, Horton and Manningham. It became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bolton and Undercliffe, Bowling, Heaton, Thornbury and Tyersall. In 1899 it was further expanded by adding North Bierley, Eccleshill, Idle, Thornton, Tong and Wyke. Clayton was added in 1930.

From 1973 the county borough was merged with the Borough of Keighley, the Urban Districts of Baildon, Bingley, Denholme, Cullingworth, Ilkley, Shipley and Silsden, along with part of Queensbury and Shelf Urban District and part of Skipton Rural District by the Local Government Act 1972.

Parliamentary boundaries of Bradford East[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, was divided into three single-member constituencies from the 1885 general election. Bradford East was the eastern third of Bradford and was approximately rectangular in shape. It bordered on Pudsey to the east, Elland in the south, Bradford Central to the west and Shipley in the north.

1918-1950: In this period the constituency comprised the local government wards of Bradford Moor, East Bowling, Tong, and West Bowling. It was located in the south-east corner of the city of Bradford.

1950-1955: The constituency was expanded to the south-west, into territory formerly in the Bradford South seat. The Bradford Moor area, in the north of the old East division, was transferred to Bradford Central. The wards allocated to the East division from 1950 were East Bowling, Little Horton, North Bierley East, Tong, and West Bowling.

1955-1974: The redistribution removed the western part of the old East division and expanded the new seat north. North Bierley East and West Bowling wards were transferred to the Bradford South constituency. The East seat, from 1955, comprised the East Bowling, Exchange, Listerhills, Little Horton, South, and Tong wards.

In 1974 the East seat disappeared. The city had been re-warded since the 1955 redistribution, but it is clear that parts of the division were distributed to each of the three Bradford seats which existed from 1974. The Bowling area became part of Bradford North; Tong joined Bradford South; and Little Horton became part of Bradford West.

From 2010: The new Bradford East is the successor seat to the Bradford North constituency, which was created for the 1918 general election. The report into the boundary review says;

"5. The Assistant Commissioner reported that he was also called upon to consider alternative names submitted for Bradford East. He rejected a number of alternatives...as he considered they did not have any merit...He also rejected the submissions that proposed that the name Bradford North should be retained...."

The wards in this new constituency are entirely within Bradford city boundaries:

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1974[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Sir Angus Holden, later Baron Holden Liberal
1886 Henry Byron Reed Conservative
1892 William Sproston Caine Liberal
1895 Henry Byron Reed Conservative
1896 by-election Ronald Henry Fulke Greville Conservative
1906 Sir William Edward Briggs Priestley Liberal
1918 Charles Edgar Loseby Coalition National Democratic
1922 Frederick William Jowett Labour
1924 Thomas Davis Fenby Liberal
1929 Frederick William Jowett Labour
1931 Joseph Hepworth Conservative
1945 Frank McLeavy Labour
1966 Edward Lyons Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
2010 David Ward Liberal Democrats
Jul 2013 Independent
Oct 2013 Liberal Democrats

Elections[edit]

The original constituency had its first contest at the 1885 general election and its last at the 1970 general election.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Bradford East[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat David Ward 13,637 33.7 +3.9
Labour Terry Rooney 13,272 32.8 −11.3
Conservative Mohammad Riaz 10,860 26.8 +9.4
BNP Neville Poynton 1,854 4.6 −1.0
Independent Raja Hussain 375 0.9 +0.9
Independent Peter Shields 237 0.6 +0.6
National Front Gerry Robinson 222 0.5 +0.5
Majority 365 0.9
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing 7.6[n 3]
Turnout 40,457 62.1 +8.0

Election in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Lyons 17,346 66.17
Conservative CJ Barr 8,208 31.31
Liberal G Musa 660 2.52
Majority 9,138 34.86
Turnout 64.75
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Lyons 18,435 69.50
Liberal National H Sissling 8,091 30.50
Majority 10,344 39.00
Turnout 65.12
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 17,945 61.84
Liberal National DT Lewis 11,075 38.16
Majority 6,870 23.67
Turnout 66.84
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 20,056 57.99
Liberal National DA Dagleish 14,529 42.01
Majority 5,527 15.98
Turnout 72.79
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 23,588 61.59
Liberal National GC Barber 14,713 38.41
Majority 8,875 23.17
Turnout 74.44
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 28,796 62.88
Liberal National FWH Cook 16,999 37.12
Majority 11,797 25.76
Turnout 84.28
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Bradford East[6]

Electorate 54,730

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 27,694 59.8
Liberal National Geoffrey F Greenbank 12,527 27.0
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,565 12.0
Communist H Green 543 1.2
Majority 15,167 32.7
Turnout 84.6
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bradford East[7]

Electorate 44,305

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank McLeavy 15,743 45.0
Conservative William Johnson Taylor 9,109 26.1
Ind. Labour Party William Ballantine 5,105 14.6
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,010 14.3
Majority 6,634 19.0
Turnout 78.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Hepworth 11,131 32.98
Ind. Labour Party Rt Hon. Frederick William Jowett 8,983 26.61
Labour Wilfred Lanceley Heywood 7,329 21.71
Liberal Thomas Davies Fenby 6,312 18.70
Majority 2,148 6.36
Turnout 73.04
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Hepworth 22,532 58.81
Ind. Labour Party Rt Hon. Frederick William Jowett 15,779 41.19
Majority 6,753 17.63
Turnout 82.40
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1920s[edit]

Thomas Fenby
General Election 1929:

Electorate 46,856

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Frederick William Jowett 21,398
Liberal Thomas Davies Fenby 17,701
Majority 3,697
Turnout
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1924:

Electorate 46,856

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Davies Fenby 15,240 50.1
Labour Rt Hon. Frederick William Jowett 15,174 49.9
Majority 66 0.2
Turnout 30,414 64.9
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 6 December 1923

Electorate 37,323

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Frederick William Jowett 13,579
Liberal Eckersley Mitchell 8,017
Conservative James Clare 6,622
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Briggs Priestley 6,185 45.64
Conservative V H Caillard 4,277 31.56
Social Democratic Federation Edward Hartley 3,090 22.80
Majority 1,908 14.08
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Turnout

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Based on notional 2005 results by ward
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Gary O'Donoghue (18 July 2013). "MP David Ward has Lib Dem whip withdrawn over Israel comment". BBC News. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://www.bradford.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/24631AFB-BCDB-4306-9C0A-5905FD1EF7C3/0/BradfordEastStatementofPersonsNominated.pdf
  5. ^ "Election 2010: Bradford East". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1970, Craig, F.W.S.
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.

Sources[edit]