Bradford on Tone

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Coordinates: 50°59′56″N 3°10′48″W / 50.9990°N 3.1799°W / 50.9990; -3.1799

Bradford on Tone
Bradford on Tone.JPG
St Giles Church in village centre
Bradford on Tone is located in Somerset
Bradford on Tone
Bradford on Tone
 Bradford on Tone shown within Somerset
Population 622 [1]
OS grid reference ST173228
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TAUNTON
Postcode district TA4
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Bradford on Tone is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated on the River Tone 4 miles (6.4 km) south west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The parish, which includes Tone Green, has a population of 606.[1]

The village is centred on the meeting of three roads: two of these come from the A38, the main road between the towns of Taunton and Wellington, while the third leads north to the nearby village of Oake. Around this junction are situated the local pub, The White Horse, a war memorial, the Church of St Giles, the Village Hall and some older residential buildings. To the east of the village centre is Bradford Court, which has recently been converted from a dwelling to a home for juvenile delinquents.

History[edit]

14th-century Bradford Bridge

The name Bradford is undoubtedly English: it shows the village to have stood in Saxon days near a broad ford, or passage way across the River Tone. The parish of Bradford was part of the Taunton Deane Hundred.[2] The 14th-century bridge over the Tone[3] is said to have been 'built by the monks', though it is not known which particular monks did the work.

Stream running through channel overgrown with vegetation.
The remains of the old canal by Trefusis Farm. One of the canal’s seven lifts was located near here.

In the 1830s the Grand Western Canal was under construction and included a bridge at Trefusis Farm.[4]

On 16 May 1991 Bradford on Tone was the site of a major chemical incident when a train carrying kerosene, petrol and diesel was derailed and caught fire. The fire service took two days to put the fire out and there was significant environmental damage.[5] The cause of the accident was an axle failure on one of the tank wagons.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wellington Rural District.[6] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Church of St Giles[edit]

St Giles' church

Bradford church is dedicated to St Giles, but it hasn't been referred to as such until 1754. It is a Grade II* listed building.[7] An old will of 1466 mentions the Church of "Our Lady" of Bradford, and an inscription on one of the bells refers to 'Ave Maria Gratia Plena', suggesting that the earlier dedication was to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The change was likely made some time after the English Reformation. The church was most fortunate in not being stripped of its bells at the Dissolution during Henry VIII's reign.[8]

The church is assumed to stand on the site of a former Saxon wooden church. The general design and character of the current church are 13th century Early English. In 1858–1859, the church was extensively renovated, with one wall strengthened, the pews and the whole roof replaced.[9] The effigy of Sir John de Merriet, Lord of the Manor and Patron of the Church from 1350–1391, shown as a knight in armour, had its elbow cut away to make room for the pews during the renovation.[8]

The church tower has an historic three-trained clock with no dial, dating back to at least 1720. The clock, striking the quarter and full hours, was restored to working order in December 2001, with automatic winding installed. Four of the six bells in the tower are pre-reformation, two of them dated 1450 and another two 1520. The two newer bells are from 1646 and 1811.[8]

An organ was first installed in the church in 1867, but the present organ dates from 1913, having been completely restored in 1951. Additional improvements to the organ were made in 1981.[8] The pulpit, which may have been moved from St Mary Magdalene in Taunton and dates from the early 18th century.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  3. ^ Images of England: Bradford Bridge
  4. ^ "Bridge over Grand Western Canal at Trefusis Farm". Images of England. Retrieved 6 December 2007. 
  5. ^ "Avon and Somerset local resilience forum — individual risk assessment". Avon Fire. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  6. ^ "Wellington RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Church of St Giles". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d Historical and Architectural Notes: St. Giles Church, Bradford-on-Tone, Somerset, church leaflet, 2011 
  9. ^ "St Giles, Bradford on Tone". Wellington and District Team Ministry. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "St Giles Church". Bradford on Tone. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 

External links[edit]