Bradley County, Tennessee
|Bradley County, Tennessee|
The Bradley County courthouse in Cleveland, Tennessee.
Location in the state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 2, 1836|
|Named for||Edward Bradley, state legislator|
|• Total||332 sq mi (859 km2)|
|• Land||329 sq mi (851 km2)|
|• Water||3 sq mi (7 km2), .84%|
|• Density||112/sq mi (43/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
It is included in the Cleveland, Tennessee, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Communities
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Education
- 8 Health care
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Like many East Tennessee counties, Bradley County was largely opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, the county's residents voted against secession by a margin of 1,382 to 507. Bradley County resident Alfred Cate was one of the leaders of the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy. Cate and his men destroyed three bridges on the night November 8, 1861: one over the Hiwassee River and two near Chattanooga.
- Meigs County (northeast)
- McMinn County (north)
- Polk County (east)
- Murray County, Georgia (southeast)
- Whitfield County, Georgia (south)
- Hamilton County (west)
State protected areas
- Chickamauga Wildlife Management Area (part)
- Charlotte Anne Finnel Neal Wildlife Management Area
- Red Clay State Park
As of the census of 2000, there were 87,965 people, 34,281 households, and 24,648 families residing in the county. The population density was 268 people per square mile (103/km²). There were 36,820 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.98% White, 3.99% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 34,281 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,034, and the median income for a family was $41,779. Males had a median income of $30,654 versus $21,407 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,108. About 9.00% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.
Bradley County has a 14-member county commission, with two commissioners from each of seven districts. The county executive (or "County Mayor"), separately elected, is Republican D. Gary Davis.
Bradley County is considered one of the most heavily Republican counties in traditionally Republican East Tennessee. Virtually all local and state office holders in and from Bradley County are Republicans.
Cities and towns
Interstate 75 traverses the county from the southwest to the north, passing through the western edge of Cleveland. There are four exits on I-75 in Bradley County: three in Cleveland and one in Charleston. U.S. Route 11 and U.S. Route 64 intersect in downtown Cleveland. U.S. 11 connects to Chattanooga to the southwest and Athens to the north. U.S. 64 connects to Murphy, North Carolina to the east. S.R. 60 connects Cleveland to Dayton to the northwest and Dalton, Georgia to the south. APD-40, made up of the U.S. 64 Bypass and a section of S.R. 60 forms a beltway and bypass route around the business district of Cleveland. The U.S. 11 Bypass bypasses downtown Cleveland to the west.
Other major roadways
- Sgt. Paul B. Huff Parkway/Stuart Road
- Blue Springs Road
- Harrison Pike
- Spring Place Road
- Freewill Road
- Eureka Road
- Lauderdale Memorial Highway
- Dry Valley Road/Michigan Avenue Road
- Mouse Creek Road
- Weatherly Switch Road
- Ladd Springs Road
Cleveland State Community College and Lee University are located in Bradley County. Public schools in the county are managed by the Bradley County Schools school district or the Cleveland City Schools school district. The county district has four public high schools: Bradley Central High School, Walker Valley High School, GOAL Academy, and REACH Adult High School. Cleveland High School is operated by the city school district. There is one State-accredited private Christian college preparatory school: Tennessee Christian Preparatory School.
Bradley County Schools
- Black Fox Elementary School
- Blue Springs Elementary School (closed)
- Charleston Elementary School
- Hopewell Elementary School
- Michigan Avenue Elementary School
- North Lee Elementary School
- Oak Grove Elementary School
- Park View Elementary School
- Prospect Elementary School
- Taylor Elementary School
- Valley View Elementary School
- Waterville Community Elementary School
Cleveland City Schools
- Cleveland High School
- Teen Learning Center
- Arnold Memorial Elementary School
- Ernest L. Ross Elementary School
- Donald P. Yates Primary School
- Mayfield Elementary School
- North Lee Elementary School
- Blythe Bower Elementary School
- George R. Stuart Elementary School
- Tennessee Christian Preparatory School
- Cleveland Christian School
- Bowman Hills Adventist School
- Shenandoah Baptist Academy
- United Christian Academy
- Vanguard Christian Academy
- La Petite Academy
- Bachman Academy
SkyRidge Medical Center, formed from the buyout of Bradley Memorial Hospital and Cleveland Community Hospital, are the two hospitals in Bradley County.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Bradley County, Tennessee
- Red Clay State Park
- John C. Bowman, "Bradley County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 31 March 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
- Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War, pp. 370-406.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- SkyRidge Medical Center > About Us (accessed February 24, 2008)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bradley County, Tennessee.|
- Official site
- Cleveland-Bradley Chamber of Commerce
- Bradley County on FamilySearch Wiki – genealogical resources
- Bradley County at DMOZ
||Meigs County||McMinn County|
|Hamilton County||Polk County|
|Whitfield County, Georgia||Murray County, Georgia|