Bradshaw Mountains

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Bradshaw Mountains
Bradshaw Mts..JPG
The Bradshaw Mountains seen from the peak of
Mount Union
Highest point
Peak Mount Union (Arizona)
Elevation 7,979 ft (2,432 m)
Coordinates 34°24′53″N 112°24′14″W / 34.41472°N 112.40389°W / 34.41472; -112.40389Coordinates: 34°24′53″N 112°24′14″W / 34.41472°N 112.40389°W / 34.41472; -112.40389
Dimensions
Length 40 mi (64 km) north-south
Naming
Native name Yavapai: Wi:kañacha
Geography
Bradshaw Mountains is located in Arizona
Bradshaw Mountains
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yavapai
Borders on Weaver Mountains-W
Sierra Prieta-NW
Black Hills (Yavapai County)-NE & E
New River Mountains-SE
Geology
Period Precambrian
Type of rock granite and schist

The Bradshaw Mountains (Yavapai: Wi:kañacha, "rough, black range of rocks"[1]) are a mountain range in central Arizona, USA, named for brothers Isaac and William Bradshaw after their death, having been formerly known in English as the Silver Mountain Range.[2]

History[edit]

The first known settlements in the Bradshaws were a group of Yavapai people, called the Kwevkapaya who built forts and mined copper from around AD 1100 to 1600.[3] Apaches occupied the area around 1800 as a means of keeping White settlers out. But by 1863, a party led by William Bradshaw was in the area, followed by the Walker party. In 1864, a group of five white settlers was attacked by Apaches at what is now called Battle Flat. One of the settlers went for help, but upon his return found the Apaches had left.[4] The Walker party found gold, and within a few years, the Bradshaws were filling up with settlers mining for gold, silver, and copper. In the early part of the 20th century, most of the towns that had sprung up were little more than ghost towns.

Geography[edit]

Spruce Mountain seen behind Mount Davis, from the peak of Mount Union
View looking South from the Summit of Mount Union the highest peak in the Bradshaw Mountains

Located approximately 5 miles (8 km) south of Prescott, Arizona, between the Agua Fria River on the east, and the Hassayampa River on the west, the range is 40 miles (64 km) long, and almost 25 miles (40 km) wide.

Peaks[edit]

Geology[edit]

The Bradshaw Mountains consist primarily of Precambrian granite, gneiss and schist.

Ecology[edit]

The biotic community of the Bradshaws ranges from interior chaparral and montane conifer forest, to plains and desert grassland, and Sonoran desert scrub. Many species of trees are found in the Bradshaws, including Piñon, Alligator Juniper, Ponderosa pine, Blue Spruce, Quaking Aspen, White fir, and Douglas fir. As well, much wildlife is present, including javelinas, Mule deer, wild turkey and Short-horned Lizards.

Several creeks have been dammed to form reservoirs, including Lynx Lake, Goldwater Lake, Lake Marapai, Hassayampa Lake, Horsethief Lake, and Cedar Tank.

Human use[edit]

An abandoned charcoal kiln, near Walker, Arizona

Gold was first discovered in the Bradshaws in the 1863, over $2,000,000 worth being taken from just the Crown King Mine.[5] Copper and silver were also mined in the early part of the 20th century.

Ghost towns and other settlements[edit]

There are over 40 ghost towns in the Bradshaw Mountains,[5] including Crown King, Bumble Bee, Goodwin, Bradshaw City, Alexandra and Cleator.

Protected areas[edit]

Much of the Bradshaw Mountains are on Prescott National Forest land. Other parks include Horsethief Basin Recreational Area, Lynx Lake Recreational Area, and the Castle Creek Wilderness.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corbusier, William T. (1969). Verde to San Carlos. Dale Stuart King. p. 55. 
  2. ^ "Isaac Bradshaw picked up legacy after brother's death". Sharlot Hall Museum. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  3. ^ Annerino, John (1991). Adventuring in Arizona: The Sierra Club Travel Guide to the Grand Canyon State. San Francisco, California: Sierra Club Books. pp. 134–143. 
  4. ^ Simpson, Claudette (September 18, 1984). "RUGGED BRADSHAWS ONCE BUSTLED WITH MINERS". The Courier. 
  5. ^ a b Ghost Towns & Mining History