Bradypnea ( Greek from bradys, slow + pnoia, breath; British English spelling bradypnoea) refers to an abnormally slow breathing rate. The rate at which bradypnea is diagnosed depends upon the age of the patient.
Age ranges and bradypnea [ edit ]
Age 0–1 year < 30 breaths per minute
Age 1–3 years < 25 breaths per minute
Age 3–12 years < 20 breaths per minute
Age 12–50 years < 12 breaths per minute
Age 50 and up < 13 breaths per minute
Bradypnea Symptoms [ edit ]
Near-fainting or fainting
Shortness of breath
Memory impairment or confusion
Tiring easily during any physical activity
Causes of Bradypnea [ edit ]
Degeneration of heart tissue because of aging
Damage to tissues in the heart from heart attack or heart disease
High blood pressure or hypertension
Congenital heart defect which is disorder present at birth
Heart tissue infection also known as myocarditis -Complication of heart surgery
Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland
Imbalance of electrolytes which are mineral related substances needed for conducting electrical impulses
Obstructive sleep apnea which is the repeated disruption of breathing during sleep.
Inflammatory disease, such as lupus or rheumatic fever
Buildup of iron in the organs known as hemochromatosis
Medications, such as drugs for other heart rhythm disorders, psychosis as well as high blood pressure
Treatment For Bradypnea [ edit ]
If urgent treatment is needed, supplemental oxygen is given to the individual. Treatment can range from surgery to correcting dangerous intracranial pressure.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2006). Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 28th Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Julie K. Stegman. p. 250. ISBN 0-7817-3390-1.