Location of Brahmanbaria in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,927.11 km2 (744.06 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|• Summer (DST)||BDST (UTC+7)|
Brahmanbaria (Bengali: ব্রাহ্মণবাড়ীয়া Bramhonbaŗia) is a district in east-central Bangladesh. It literally means the place where Brahmins reside. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. It was part of greater Comilla District until 1984.
Brahmanbaria district is located at the east-central region of Bangladesh. It has a total area of 1927.11 km². Brahmanbaria is bounded by Kishoreganj District and Habiganj District on the north, Comilla District on the south, Habiganj District and Tripura State, India on the east and Meghna River, Kishoreganj District, Narsingdi District and Narayanganj District on the west.
The geography of the district is characterized by low-lying land with small hills and hillocks of red soil. The annual highest average temperature is 34.3 °C and lowest 12.7 °C. Total annual rainfall is 2551 mm. The main rivers of the district are the Meghna River, the Titas River,Buri and Haora.
- Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila
- Ashuganj Upazila
- Nasirnagar Upazila
- Nabinagar Upazila
- Sarail Upazila
- Shahbazpur Town
- Kasba Upazila
- Akhaura Upazila
- Bancharampur Upazila
- Bijoynagar Upazila (newly created, December 2010)
- National seat no 243 Brahmanbaria 1 (Current MP Mohammad Sayedul Haq)
- National seat no 244 Brahmanbaria 2 (Current MP Ziaul Haque Mridha)
- National seat no 245 Brahmanbaria 3 (Current MP R.A.M. Obaydul Muktadir Chowdhury)
- National seat no 246 Brahmanbaria 4 (Current MP Mohammed Shah Alam)
- National seat no 247 Brahmanbaria 5 (Current MP Shah Zikrul Ahmad)
- National seat no 248 Brahmanbaria 6 (Current MP A B Tajul Islam)
Brahmanbaria has a rich tradition of nurturing art, education and culture. Ustad Allauddin Khan, the great musical talent of the subcontinent and the father of 'Maihar Gharana' of classical Indian music, was born in this district in 1862.
Ustad Ayet Ali Khan established the Alauddin Music College in 1957 Brahmanbaria and Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin established the Alauddin Sangitayan in 1975. Mohorshee Monomohan Dutta is also a remarkable name for his "Molaya" music. Sachin Dev Burman (better known as SD Burman), the renowned musician of the subcontinent, spent some time in Brahmanbaria. Umesh Chandra Roy was one of the greatest musicians of Alauddin Music institute.
One of the most respected and well known military official in the Bangladesh army, Major General Shakil Ahmed who was killed in the BDR mutiny in 2009 was also from Brahmanbaria
During the Mughal era, Brahmanbaria was famous for producing quality cloth Muslin. Brahmanbaria was made one of the 3 Sub-divisions of Comilla District by the British rulers in 1860. Brahmanbaria Municipality was established in 1868. It became part of East Pakistan in 1947 which eventually became independent Bangladesh in 1971. During the 19th century, Brahmanbaria produced great nationalist leaders like Nawab Syed Shamsul Huda, who became president of All India Muslim League in 1921, and Barrister Abdur Rasul a front ranking leader of Indian National Congress.
Gender wise , 49.49% people of the district are male while 50.51% inhabitants are female.
The religious composition of the district is Muslim 90.73%, Hindu 9.07%, Buddhist 0.05%, Christian 0.04% and others 0.11%.
The railway communication of the district is quite extensive in Bangladesh standard. There are four important stations of Bangladesh Railway in this district:
- Brahmanbaria Junction,
- Akhuara Junction,
- Kashba Junction,
- Ashuganj Junction,
- Talshohor Junction.
Places of interest
The principal places of interest in the district are : Deity of Shiva at Kal Bhairab Temple at Medda(Early 19th century), Jame Mosque of Sarail(1662), Shrine of Kella Shahid at Kharampur(Early 18th century), Tofael-Azam Memorial Tower at the City Centre(1958) etc.
Brahmanbaria has a long history of publishing local newspapers in Bengali. The list of locally published newspapers and journals include: Daily Brahmanbaria (1992) which has been published by Md. Nurul Hossain. Daily Pratibedan (1993), Daily Ajker Halchal (1997), Daily Titas Kantha (1999), Daily Samatat Barta (2000), Daily Dindarpan (2000); Md. Nurul Hossain also published Weekly Titas, Weekly Deshdarpan Edited and Published by Journalist, Poet and Rhyme Writer, Jurist and Educationist Barrister Dr Mohammed Yeasin Khan LLB Honours, LLM, PhD, PGDL, Barrister-at-Law (Lincoln's Inn, England), now an Advocate-on-Record of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, who in his PhD thesis ‘Protection and Promotion of Human Rights for Peace and Development’ recommended a new doctrine of world peace: ‘The Man for Man Theory of World Peace’(1981), Weekly Penbridg (1999), Fortnightly Charch (1997); Periodicals- Sahitya Academy Patrika, Nasirnagar Barta, Sarail Barta, Muktaprabaha; extinct- Bangabandhu (1875, Kalikachha), Usha (1893), Hira (1894), Sudhakar (nineteenth century), Santan (1913), Palli Pradip (1920, Kalikachha), Al Bushra (1921), Prajabandhu (1920), Chunta Prakash (1926), Tripura Prakash (1301 BS), Rayat Bandhu (1929, Kalikachha), Jayanti (nineteenth century), Sebak (1957), Parichaya (1964), Samaj (1966), Pari (1966), Vhela (1967), Tridhara (1967), Pratinidhi (1970), Pratibedan (1979),Renessa (1988), Belaseshe (1992, Sarail). Telecommunication : Robi, Airtel, Bangla Link, Grameen Phone etc
- Musa, Muhammad. Brahmanbariar Itibrittyo, Shetu Prokashoni, Brahmanbaria,1998.
- Upazilas of Brahmanbaria. Bangladesh Government.
- Towns of Brahmanbaria. Bangladesh Government.
- Parliament Members from Brahmanbaria.Bangladesh Government.
- Allauddin Khan, The music of India, by Reginald Massey. Abhinav Publications, 1996. ISBN 81-7017-332-9. Page 142-143.
- Poetry, by Hakim Arif, from Banglapedia
- Bangladeshi Novels by Subrata Kumar Das
- Ahmed, Monowar. Bhasha Andoloner Shochitro Dolil, Agamee Prokashani, pp. 110 ISBN 984-401-147-7
- The Listing of Martyr and Details of their Martyrdom Bir Sreshtho - The Highest Gallantry Award
- Bangladesh Burueau of Statistics
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Brahmanbaria District.|
- Shekh Muhammad Sayed Ullah Litu (2012). "Brahmanbaria District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Zia Fertilizer at Ashuganj, Brahmanbaria
- Titas Gas & BGFCL
- Official Website for Brahmanbaria
- Official Facebook Fan Page for Brahmanbaria
- http://bbariatimes.com/ Popular onilne newspaper of Brahmanbaria