Braintree (UK Parliament constituency)

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Braintree
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Braintree in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 72,064 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Brooks Newmark (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Maldon
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Braintree is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Brooks Newmark of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The current boundaries of the Braintree constituency is based on Braintree, Bocking, and Great Bardfield in the northwest, moving in a southwesterly direction towards Coggeshall, Silver End, and Kelvedon.

Latest boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England created for 2010 a modified Braintree constituency with electoral wards:

  • Bocking Blackwater, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree South, Bumpstead, Cressing and Stisted, Gosfield and Greenstead Green, Great Notley and Braintree West, Halstead St Andrews, Halstead Trinity, Hedingham and Maplestead, Panfield, Rayne, Stour Valley North, Stour Valley South, The Three Colnes, Three Fields, Upper Colne and Yeldham.

This modified list allowed a new Witham seat to be created and caused extension out towards the Stour Valley, the border of Suffolk, and took in Bumpstead which shares a civil parish boundary with south-east Cambridgeshire.

History[edit]

The former Leader of the House Tony Newton held the seat for the Conservatives from its creation in 1974 until 1997 when Alan Hurst defeated Newton to gain the seat for Labour. Brooks Newmark defeated Hurst in 2005 to regain the seat for the Conservatives, and has held it since.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
Feb 1974 Tony Newton Conservative
1997 Alan Hurst Labour
2005 Brooks Newmark Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Fincken [3]
General Election 2010: Braintree[4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Brooks Newmark 25,901 52.6 +2.7
Labour Bill Edwards 9,780 19.9 −10.8
Liberal Democrat Steve Jarvis 9,247 18.8 +5.2
UKIP Michael Ford 2,477 5.0 +2.6
BNP Paul Hooks 1,080 2.2 +2.2
Green Daisy Blench 718 1.5 −1.5
Majority 16,121 32.8
Turnout 49,203 69.1 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing +6.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Brooks Newmark 23,597 44.5 +3.2
Labour Alan Hurst 19,704 37.1 −4.9
Liberal Democrat Peter J.R. Turner 7,037 13.3 +2.0
Green James E. Abbott 1,308 2.5 0.0
UKIP Roger Lord 1,181 2.2 +0.7
Independent Michael Nolan 228 0.4 +0.4
Majority 3,893 7.3
Turnout 53,055 65.9 +2.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 4.0
General Election 2001: Braintree[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Hurst 21,123 42.0 −0.7
Conservative Brooks P.V. Newmark 20,765 41.3 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Peter J.R. Turner 5,664 11.3 −0.3
Green James E. Abbott 1,241 2.5 +1.2
Legalise Cannabis Michael A. Nolan 774 1.5 N/A
UKIP Charlie J. Cole 748 1.5 N/A
Majority 358 0.7
Turnout 50,315 63.6 −12.5
Labour hold Swing −0.9

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Braintree[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Hurst 23,729 42.7 +17.0
Conservative Tony Newton 22,278 40.1 −12.2
Liberal Democrat Trevor K. Ellis 6,418 11.6 −9.1
Referendum Party Nicholas P. Westcott 2,165 3.9 N/A
Green James E. Abbott 712 1.3 +0.0
Independent Michael A. Nolan 274 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,451 2.6
Turnout 55,576 76.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +12.9
General Election 1992: Braintree[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 34,415 52.3 −1.9
Labour Ian Willmore 16,921 25.7 +6.4
Liberal Democrat Mrs Diana P. Wallis 13,603 20.7 −5.8
Green James E. Abbott 855 1.3 N/A
Majority 17,494 26.6 −1.1
Turnout 65,794 83.4 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing −4.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 32,978 54.2
Social Democrat I.G. Bing 16,121 26.5
Labour B. Stapleton 11,764 19.3
Majority 16,857 27.7
Turnout 60,863 79.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 29,462 52.6
Social Democrat I.G. Bing 16,021 28.6
Labour J.M. Dyson 10,551 18.8
Majority 13,441 24.0
Turnout 56,034 76.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 31,593 52.0
Labour J.E.B. Gyford 19,075 31.4
Liberal J. Bryan 10,115 16.6
Majority 12,518 20.6
Turnout 60,783 80.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 20,559 39.5
Labour J. Keith Kyle 19,469 37.4
Liberal R. Holme 12,004 23.1
Majority 1,090 2.1
Turnout 52,032 79.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Newton 20,797 38.0 N/A
Labour J. Keith Kyle 18,796 34.3 N/A
Liberal D. Scott 15,204 27.8 N/A
Majority 2,001 3.7 N/A
Turnout 54,797 84.3 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Coordinates: 51°54′N 0°33′E / 51.90°N 0.55°E / 51.90; 0.55