|Studio album by George Harrison|
|Released||18 November 2002|
FPSHOT, Oxfordshire; various locations
|Producer||George Harrison, Jeff Lynne, Dhani Harrison|
|George Harrison chronology|
|Singles from Brainwashed|
Brainwashed is the twelfth and final studio album by George Harrison, released in 2002, almost a year after his death at age 58. As Harrison's first posthumous release, Brainwashed garnered much attention upon its unveiling.
Harrison began recording the tracks that eventually saw issue on Brainwashed as early as 1988 (with "Any Road" being written during the making of a video for "This Is Love" from the Cloud Nine album) and continued to do so in a sporadic manner over the next decade and a half. Progress was delayed due to business problems with Harrison's former manager, Denis O'Brien, as well as his work with the Travelling Wilburys, Ravi Shankar, and his work on the Beatles' Anthology. In an interview in 1999, Harrison announced the title of his next album to be Portrait of a Leg End, and played songs entitled "Valentine", "Pisces Fish" and "Brainwashed". During the promotion for the 2001 re-release of All Things Must Pass, Harrison joked that the name of the album would be Your Planet Is Doomed – Volume One. After recuperating from being attacked in his home by Michael Abram on 30 December 1999, Harrison focused on finishing the album, simultaneously sharing his ideas for all its details (from the sound of the finished songs to the album's artwork) with his son Dhani – information that ultimately proved very valuable.
Harrison successfully battled throat cancer in 1997; in 2001 he underwent surgery to remove a cancerous growth from one of his lungs, and radiotherapy for lung cancer which had metastasised to his brain. Once he realised it was an irreversible situation, he worked further on the album's songs – in conjunction with Dhani and his old collaborator Jeff Lynne – until he was unable to do more. Harrison's final work on the album was carried out at a recording studio in Switzerland shortly before his trip to the United States for cancer treatment. On 29 November 2001, Harrison died, leaving Brainwashed not quite finished, but with a guide to completing it in the hands of his son and Lynne.
After a few months away from the project, both the younger Harrison and Lynne returned to working on George's final songs and added the appropriate instruments, as per their composer's specifications, to the recordings. So close to completion was the project that the two used the exact timetable and session bookings that George had booked. After 14 years of indefinite delays and some difficult but rewarding sessions, the work was done and George Harrison's final album was completed.
|The A.V. Club||(favourable)|
|Los Angeles Times|||
Brainwashed was released on 18 November 2002 to mostly favourable reviews. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album scores 77, based on 16 reviews, which means "generally favorable". The album was released on LP and CD. A limited-edition CD box was also released, containing a Brainwashed poster, a Dark Horse sticker, a guitar pick with George's signature on it, and a bonus DVD with a seven-minute featurette about the making of the album. The album sold respectably, reaching number 18 in the US and going gold, and number 29 in the UK, where "Any Road" became a top 40 hit single in spring 2003. A live tribute to Harrison by an assembly of his musical contemporaries, entitled Concert for George, took place at the Royal Albert Hall simultaneously with the release of the album.
In 2004, Brainwashed's "Marwa Blues" won the Best Pop Instrumental Performance Grammy; Also that year, Harrison's former bandmate Paul McCartney named the song as one of his all-time favourites. The album itself had also been nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album, as well as Best Male Pop Vocal Performance (for the track "Any Road").
Three of the tracks from Brainwashed were included on Harrison's career-spanning compilation album, Let It Roll: Songs by George Harrison: "Any Road", "Marwa Blues" and "Rising Sun". Notably absent from the track listing was "Stuck Inside a Cloud", the first promotional single from Brainwashed.
- "Any Road" – 3:52
- "P2 Vatican Blues (Last Saturday Night)" – 2:38
- "Pisces Fish" – 4:50
- "Looking for My Life" – 3:49
- "Rising Sun" – 5:27
- "Marwa Blues" – 3:40
- "Stuck Inside a Cloud" – 4:04
- "Run So Far" – 4:05
- "Never Get Over You" – 3:26
- "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea" – 2:34
- This recording is from a 1992 TV broadcast
- "Rocking Chair in Hawaii" – 3:07
- Originally demoed in 1970 for All Things Must Pass
- "Brainwashed" – 6:07
Certifications and sales
- George Harrison – lead vocals, lead guitar, slide guitar, Dobro, ukulele, keyboards, bass, percussion
- Jeff Lynne – bass, guitar, piano, keyboards, percussion, backing vocals
- Dhani Harrison – guitar, Wurlitzer electric piano, backing vocals
- Jim Keltner – drums
- Additional personnel
- Mike Moran – keyboards (3)
- Marc Mann – keyboards (3), string arrangement (5, 6)
- Ray Cooper – percussion (6), drums (10)
- Jools Holland – piano (10)
- Mark Flannagan – acoustic lead guitar (10)
- Joe Brown – acoustic guitar (10)
- Herbie Flowers – bass (10), tuba (10)
- Bickram Ghosh – tabla (12)
- Jon Lord – piano (12)
- Sam Brown – backing vocals (12)
- Jane Lister – harp (12)
- Isabela Borzymowska – reading from "How to Know God" (The Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali) (12)
- Sharpio, Marc (2002). Behind Sad Eyes. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 180.
- Sharpio, Marc (2002). Behind Sad Eyes. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 190.
- Huntley, pp. 309–10.
- Lyall, Sarah (31 December 1999). "George Harrison Stabbed in Chest by an Intruder". New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Jury, Louise (4 May 2001). "George Harrison undergoes surgery for cancer". The Independent (London). Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- "George Harrison Receives Radiation Treatment". ABC News. 9 November 2001. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- "Brainwashed reviews". metacritic.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- Brainwashed (album) at AllMusic
- Phipps, Keith (22 November 2002). "George Harrison: Brainwashed". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "CG: George Harrison". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- Lynch, Andrew (2 December 2002). "Brainwashed. Review by Andrew Lynch". Entertainment.ie. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- Sinclair, Tom (22 November 2002). "Brainwashed Review". ew.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Hochman, Steve (18 November 2002). "Harrison sings his final odes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- Glauber, Gary. "George Harrison: Brainwashed < PopMatters". Popmatters.com. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- Fricke, David (12 December 2002). "Brainwashed | Albums Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- Paul McCartney's Glastonbury Groove
- "Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)" (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)". danishcharts.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)" (in French). lescharts.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "Album Search: George Harrison – Brainwashed" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- ジョージ・ハリスン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Brainwashed by George Harrison". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "George Harrison – Brainwashed (album)" (in German). hitparade.ch. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "Chart Stats – George Harrison – Brainwashed". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- "George Harrison – Billboard Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "Canadian album certifications – George Harrison – Brainwashed". Music Canada.
- a-ビートルズ "– Yamachan Land (Archives of the Japanese record charts) – Albums Chart Daijiten – The Beatles" (in Japanese). 30 December 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "British album certifications – George Harrison – Brainwashed". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Brainwashed in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – George Harrison – Brainwashed". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "Recorded Music Top 20 Albums 2002–03". EMI Group Annual Report 2003. pp. 18/96. Retrieved 2011-08-31.