Braj Kumar Nehru

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Braj Kumar Nehru
Braj Kumar Nehru.gif
Indian Ambassador to the United States
In office
1961–1968
Preceded by M.C. Chagla
Succeeded by Ali Yavar Jung
Indian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
In office
1973–1977
Personal details
Born (1909-09-04)4 September 1909
Allahabad, British India
Died 31 October 2001(2001-10-31) (aged 92)
Kasauli, India
Spouse(s) Shobha Nehru (Magdolna Friedman)
Alma mater Oxford
Religion Hinduism

Braj Kumar Nehru MBE, ICS (4 September 1909 – 31 October 2001) was an Indian diplomat and Ambassador of India to the United States (1961-1968).[1] He was the son of Brijlal and Rameshwari Nehru and a nephew of India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Personal life[edit]

Nehru was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India and was son of Brijalal Nehru and Rameshwari Nehru[2] He was educated at the Allahabad University (India), the London School of Economics and at Oxford University.[3] He was awarded the Doctor of Literature degree by the University of Punjab, for his distinguished services in various fields.[4] His grandfather, Pandit Nandlal Nehru, was the elder brother of Pandit Motilal Nehru.[5] He was the cousin to the erstwhile Prime Minister of India, Indira Nehru-Gandhi.[6] Nehru married Magdolna Friedman, a fellow student in UK. The ill-treatment of the Jewish community in Europe prompted her father to change her name to Magdolna Forbath. Her nickname was Fori. After marriage, she changed her name to Shobha (Fori) Nehru.[7]

Career[edit]

National[edit]

Ambassador Braj Nehru stands behind US president John F Kennedy during Kennedy's speech in India (1961)

He joined the Indian Civil Service in 1934 and rose to be governor of seven different states of India. From 1934 to 1937 he held various government positions in the province of Punjab.[2] He was appointed an MBE in the 1945 New Year Honours List.[8] Nehru became the secretary of economic affairs in 1957.[9] He was appointed as Commissioner General for Economic Affairs (external financial relations)of India in 1958.[2] He was Governor of Jammu and Kashmir (1981–84), Assam (1968–73),[10] Gujarat (1984–86), Nagaland (1968–73), Meghalaya (1970–73), Manipur (1972–73) and Tripura (1972–73).

International[edit]

Nehru worked as Executive Director in the World Bank (1949) and was Economic Minister at the Indian Embassy in Washington (1954).[2] He helped to create the Aid India Club in 1958, which was a consortium of donor nations that committed to donate $2 million for the development of India.[6] He also served as a diplomat, as ambassador to several countries and was offered the post of secretary-general of the United Nations in 1951, but declined. Nehru was also the Indian High Commissioner in London from 1973 to 1977.[6] Braj was chairman of the United Nations Investment committee for 14 years.[3] He represented India in the 'Sterlings balances' negotiations with Britain at the post-Second World War reparations conference.[11]

Writer[edit]

Nehru's wrote an autobiography titled Nice Guys Finish Second.[12]

Awards[edit]

He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1999.[13]

The speech "Civil Service in Transition" delivered at the India International Center in New Delhi on the 15th of October, 1999 describes the need and the role played by a strong civil service. It also details out the causes for the prevalent corruption in India's political system and civil services.

Death[edit]

Nehru died in Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh, India on 31 October 2001 at the age of 92. His body was cremated in Delhi & the memorial service was held amongst the chanting of mantras from the holy scriptures.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Braj Kumar Nehru, India's Ambassador to US & UK". highbeam.com. 13 November 2001. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Governors of Gujarat: details of the life sketch of B.K. Nehru". Rajbhavan (Govt of India). Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Braj Kumar Nehru". Scotsman.com. 2 January 2002. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  4. ^ chandigarh (31 October 2001). "B.K. Nehru Dead". tribune.com. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Community: Prominent Kashmiri's". KECSS (Regd). Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Lewis, Paul (9 November 2001). "B.K.Nehru,92,Indian envoy & cousin of Indian Prime minister". New York Times (nytimes.com). Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  7. ^ chauhan, swaraaj (1 Jan 2011). "India's Fori Nehru, the oldest jewish woman alive". themoderatevoice.com. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  8. ^ London Gazette, 1 January 1945
  9. ^ articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (1 October 2001). "B K Nehru dead". TimesOfIndia. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Jammu & Kashmir state Govt, Government of India. "Welcome to Rajbhavan, Jammu & Kashmir". jkrajbhavan.nic.in. Retrieved 5 Aug 2012. 
  11. ^ "Braj Kumar Nehru". scotsman.com. 5 January 2002. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "Living A Full Life". Outlook. 26 March 1997. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "14 get Padma Vibhushan; B.K. Nehru, Chidambaram, Lata in list". The Tribune. January 26, 1999. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Memorial service for B.K. Nehru held". TribuneIndia. 4 November 2001. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
M.C. Chagla
Indian Ambassador to the United States
1961–1968
Succeeded by
Ali Yavar Jung
Government offices
Preceded by
Vishnu Sahay
Governor of Assam
1968–1973
Succeeded by
Lallan Prasad Singh