Bramble Cay

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Bramble Cay
[name]: Naizab Kaur
Bramble Cay is located in Australia
Bramble Cay
Bramble Cay (Australia)
Geography
Location Torres Strait/Coral Sea
Coordinates Coordinates: 9°07′59″S 143°52′01″E / 9.133°S 143.867°E / -9.133; 143.867
Archipelago Torres Strait Islands
Major islands Bramble Cay, Black Rocks
Area 0.0362 km2 (0.0140 sq mi)[1]
Length 0.251 km (0.156 mi)
Width 0.104 km (0.0646 mi)
Highest elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Highest point unnamed
Country
State  Queensland
Shire Shire of Torres
Island Region Eastern Islands
Largest city  (pop. 0)
Demographics
Population 0
Density 0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Torres Strait Islanders
Additional information
northernmost point of Australia
Green Turtle breeding place

Bramble Cay, also called Naizab Kaur,[2] Massaramcoer or Baramaki, and located at the northeastern edge of the Torres Strait Islands of Queensland and at the same time at the northern end of the Great Barrier Reef,[3] is the northernmost point of land of Australia. It is also 55 km southeast of the mouth of the Fly River of Papua New Guinea, at the southeastern tip of Kiwai Island.

It is a sand cay with an area of 3.62 ha (as of 1995), of which 1.72 ha in the center is grassland.[4]

After several shipwrecks, the first lighthouse, a 42 feet (13 m) pyramidal steel tower, was finally erected in 1924. It was demolished in 1954 and replaced by the present lighthouse, a 17 metres (56 ft) stainless steel tower, was equipped with solar power on January 6, 1987. There are maintenance visits by AMSA vessels every three to six months.

The island is a breeding place of Green Turtles. The sea is rich with algae. As a result, algae loving species of fish such as unicornfish, wrasse and trumpetfish are found in the waters around.[5]

About five kilometres to the southwest are the Black Rocks, also called Rebes, which rise one metre above the water.[6] Three kilometres northeast maps show submerged Nautilus Reef,[2] the existence of which is doubtful.

Bramble Cay and the reefs and rocks close by are separated from other reefs and islets further south by Bligh Channel (Bligh Entrance). To the north and northwest, the Great North East Channel separates them from the coast of Papua New Guinea (Parama Island), which is 48 km to the north.

Administratively, Bramble Cay is part of the Shire of Torres, specifically of the Eastern Islands Region. Although the island is located 25 km north of the Seabed and Fisheries Jurisdiction Line between Australia and Papua New Guinea, the Australian sovereignty is undisputed and explicitly recognized by Papua New Guinea.[7]

Customary tenure of Bramble Cay is held by the people of Darnley Island, the closest inhabited island, 45 km south-southwest. Darnley Islanders travel to Bramble Cay to collect turtle and bird eggs during the nesting season, and also grant people of the neighboring Eastern Islands, Stephens Island and Murray Island, permission to collect.[4]

The closest islet is uninhabited Underdown Islet, about 40 km south. Papua New Guinea, specifically Parama Island, is 48 km WNW. The Papua New Guinean city of Daru, the provincial capital of Western Province (Papua New Guinea), is some 70 km west of Bramble Cay.

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