Bran, Brașov

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Bran
Commune
Skyline of Bran
Coat of arms of Bran
Coat of arms
Location of Bran, Braşov
Location of Bran, Braşov
Bran is located in Romania
Bran
Bran
Location of Bran, Braşov
Coordinates: 45°30′41″N 25°21′51″E / 45.51139°N 25.36417°E / 45.51139; 25.36417Coordinates: 45°30′41″N 25°21′51″E / 45.51139°N 25.36417°E / 45.51139; 25.36417
Country  Romania
County Braşov County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Hermeneanu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 67.85 km2 (26.20 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 5,573
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariabran.ro/

Bran (German: Törzburg; Hungarian: Törcsvár) is a commune in Braşov County, Romania. It lies at 30 km from the city of Braşov and is composed of five villages: Bran, Poarta, Predeluţ, Şimon and Sohodol.

The medieval Bran Castle, which was once besieged by Vlad the Impaler, is a popular tourist destination, partly because it resembles the home of Dracula in Bram Stoker's famous novel.[1]

History[edit]

The Teutonic Order began construction of a wooden fort known as Dietrichstein in the early 13th century. After the fort's destruction in 1242 by Mongols, King Sigismund of Hungary ordered the construction of a stone castle in 1377, while the settlement of Bran began to develop nearby. Positioned high atop a steep cliff, the castle guarded a strategic trade route between Transylvania and Wallachia. In 1498, Bran fell under the jurisdiction of Braşov.[2]

After the Kingdom of Hungary was defeated by the Ottoman Empire, Bran became part of the Principality of Transylvania during the 16th century, and eventually passed to the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. The commune became part of the Austrian Empire in 1804 and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1866. It was added to the Kingdom of Romania following World War I.[3]

Bran Castle is one of Romania's most popular visitor sites, made famous in modern times when Queen Marie restored it after receiving it from the residents of Braşov County in the 1920s. The castle is open to tourists, who can view the inside alone or as part of a guided tour. Outside the castle are examples of traditional Romanian farm houses and peasant homes.

Overview of Bran, as seen from the Bran Castle

References[edit]