Branch Brook Park

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Branch Brook Park
Branchbrook Park.jpg
Branch Brook Park and its cherry blossoms
Branch Brook Park is located in Essex County, New Jersey
Branch Brook Park
Location Roughly bounded by Belleville Park, Washington and Clifton Avenues, 6th and Orange Streets, Newark and Belleville, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°46′13″N 74°10′35″W / 40.77028°N 74.17639°W / 40.77028; -74.17639Coordinates: 40°46′13″N 74°10′35″W / 40.77028°N 74.17639°W / 40.77028; -74.17639
Area 359.7 acres (145.6 ha)
Built 1895
Architectural style Late Victorian, Other, French Renaissance
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 81000392[1]
Added to NRHP January 12, 1981
Branch Brook Park in Newark, New Jersey during the Cherry Blossom Festival

Branch Brook Park is a county park of Essex County, New Jersey in the United States, located in the North Ward of Newark, between the neighborhoods of Forest Hill and Roseville. A portion of the park is also located within the Township of Belleville. At 360 acres (150 ha), Branch Brook Park is the largest public park in the city of Newark. The park is noted for the largest collection of cherry blossom trees in the United States, having over 4,300 in more than fourteen different varieties collectively called Cherryblossomland, as well as its spectacular Cherry Blossom Festival each April.[2][3][4]

The park was formally created in 1895 by the newly created Essex County Parks Commission, making it the nation's first county park. The area had served as an Army training ground during the American Civil War. At the time, the northern portion of the area had been a marsh known as Old Blue Jay Swamp. In 1898, a public appropriation financed the conversion of the swamp into a landscaped lake. The initial park was only 60 acres (24 ha) in size but grew in the 1920s through private donations from prominent Newark families, such as the Ballantines, eventually reaching the city limit with Belleville and becoming one of the largest urban parks in the United States. The Morris Canal originally ran on the park's west side, until its old bed was turned into the Newark City Subway, providing access to the park from Downtown Newark.

The first designs of the park, based largely on romantic garden themes, were proposed in 1895 and 1898, after the Parks Commission hired several architectural firms to plan the park. In 1900, the commission hired the firm of Frederick Law Olmsted to redesign the park. The result was the park's current naturalistic look and feel, with acres of meadows and forests, in a manner similar to Olmsted's earlier designs of Central Park and Prospect Park.

The Ballantine gates, on the east side of the park by Forest Hill, were given to Branch Brook Park by Peter Ballantine in 1899. They are modeled on gates in Scotland
Cherry Blossom Center

The famous cherry trees were the result of a 1927 gift from Caroline Bamberger Fuld, sister of department store magnate Louis Bamberger and widow of the store's vice president. The Cherry Blossom Festival attracts approximately 10,000 visitors each April.

During World War II, the park's grounds served a tent city for recruits, as well as a landing strip for airplanes of the United States Postal Service.

The neighborhood on the east side of the park, Forest Hill, is Newark's most affluent. Also on the east side of the park is the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart Basilica, one of the largest cathedrals in the United States.

It has been placed on both the New Jersey (1980) and National (1981) Registers of Historic Places.

Branch Brook Park is undergoing $25 million, ten-year, restoration program. In 2004, the Park Avenue bridge was repaired, as were the baseball fields in the center of the park. In 2007, a plan was created to provide for more than 5,000 cherry trees in the park and renovate and rename the Welcome Center. The plan uses a $650,000 grant from the Essex County Recreation and the Open Space Trust Fund from 2006 and private donations.[5]

In 2012, statues dedicated to sports figures Althea Gibson and Roberto Clemente were unveiled in the park.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Student scientists track nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees at Essex County park". The Star-Ledger. August 13, 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
  3. ^ Hinds, Kate (March 25, 2012). "Cherry Blossom Trees Flourish in Newark". WNYC. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
  4. ^ Drew Anne, Scarantino (March 14, 2011), "In Full Bloom", New Jersey Monthly, retrieved 2012-04-10 
  5. ^ The County of Essex, New Jersey. Press Release. July 30, 2007. Retrieved May 29, 2012
  6. ^ Lee, Eunice (March 29, 2012), "Statue of first black woman to win Wimbledon unveiled in Newark park", The Star-Ledger, retrieved 2012-06-30 
  7. ^ Simpri, Arlene; Strunsky, Sterve (June 3, 2012), "Roberto Clemente bronze statue unveiled in Newark's Branch Brook Park", The Star-Ledger, retrieved 2012-06-04 

External links[edit]