Branch County, Michigan

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Branch County, Michigan
Seal of Branch County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Branch County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded October 29, 1829 (created)
1833 (organized)[1]
Named for John Branch
Seat Coldwater
Largest city Coldwater
Area
 • Total 520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 • Land 506 sq mi (1,311 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 2.6%
Population
 • (2010) 45,248
 • Density 89/sq mi (34/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.branch.mi.us

Branch County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,248.[2] The county seat is Coldwater.[3] As one of the "cabinet counties" it was named for the U.S. Secretary of the Navy John Branch under President Andrew Jackson.[1] The county was founded in 1829 and organized in 1833.

Branch County comprises the Coldwater, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 520 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 506 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (2.6%) is water.[4] It is the third-smallest county in Michigan by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,715
1850 12,472 118.2%
1860 20,981 68.2%
1870 26,226 25.0%
1880 27,941 6.5%
1890 26,791 −4.1%
1900 27,811 3.8%
1910 25,605 −7.9%
1920 23,997 −6.3%
1930 23,950 −0.2%
1940 25,845 7.9%
1950 30,202 16.9%
1960 34,903 15.6%
1970 37,906 8.6%
1980 40,188 6.0%
1990 41,502 3.3%
2000 45,787 10.3%
2010 45,248 −1.2%
Est. 2013 43,649 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[2]

The 2010 United States Census[9] indicates Branch County had a 2010 population of 45,248. This is a decrease of -539 people from the 2000 United States Census. Overall, the county had a -1.2% growth rate during this ten-year period. In 2010 there were 16,419 households and 11,350 families in the county. The population density was 89.4 per square mile (34.5 square kilometers). There were 20,841 housing units at an average density of 41.2 per square mile (15.9 square kilometers). The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 90.9% White, 3.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 4.0% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races.

There were 16,419 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were husband and wife families, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.9% were non-families, and 25.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.9% under age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 111.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.9 males.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[9] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $41,855 and the median income for a family was $48,959. Males had a median income of $25,595 versus $17,263 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,289. About 2.5% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under the age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Branch County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau accessdate=March 11, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Branch County Government Website.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°55′N 85°03′W / 41.92°N 85.05°W / 41.92; -85.05