Branches of Rashtrakuta dynasty

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Several Branches of the Rashtrakuta dynasty were created by the kings, commanders and relatives of the Rashtrakuta family during their expansion into central and northern India in the eighth to the tenth centuries. These kingdoms ruled during the reign of the parent empire or continued to rule for centuries after the its fall or came to power much later. Well known among these were the Rashtrakutas of Gujarat (757-888),[1] the Rattas of Saundatti (875-1230) in modern Karnataka,[2] the Gahadavalas of Kannauj (1068-1223),[3] the Rashtrakutas of Rajasthan (known as Rajputana) and ruling from Hastikundi or Hathundi (893-996),[4] Dahal (near Jabalpur),[5] Mandore (near Jodhpur), the Rathores of Dhanop,[6] Rashtraudha dynasty of Mayuragiri in modern Maharashtra[7] and Rashtrakutas of Kannauj.[8]

Rashtrakuta branches[edit]

These branches emerged as a result of Rashtrakuta conquest of North India.

Rashtrakutas of Lata (Gujarat):[9]

  • Indra (807-818) (brother of Govinda III above)
  • Karka and Govinda (818-826)
  • Dhruva II (835-845)
  • Akalavarsha Shubhatunga (867)
  • Dhruva III (-871)
  • Direct rule from Manyakhet by Krishna II

Rashtrakutas of Hastikundi (Hathundi) (Jodhpur)[10][11][12]

  • Harivarma
  • Vidagdha (916-938)
  • Mammata (939)
  • Balaprasada (997)
  • The Hathundi Rathores (descendants)

Rashtrakutas of Dahal (near Jabalpur) (Madhya Pradesh)[13]

  • Golhanadeva (1023)

Rashtrakutas of Kanauj (11th. century-13th. century)[14]

  • Gopal (4th king)
  • Tribhuvana
  • Madanapala (1119)
  • Devapala (Lost Shravasti to Gahadavalas in 1128)
  • Bhimapala
  • Surapala
  • Amritapala
  • Lakhanpala (In 1202 defeated byQutub-ud-din)
  • Mahasamanta Barahadeva (under Gahadavala Adakkhamalla)

Rashtrakutas of Mandore/Jodhpur

  • The lineage of Rathors 1226 - To date (Mandore/Jodhpur)

Descendants Of Rashtrakuta[edit]

Their descendants are spread out over large areas of India. The Rashtraudha dynasty of Mayuragiri, Maharashtra, described in the Rashtraudha Kavya (1596) of Rudrakavi,[15] the Rathors Rajputs of Rajasthan and the Rattas of Saundatti in Karnataka also claim descent from them.[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reu (1933), p93
  2. ^ Reu (1933), p100
  3. ^ Reu (1933), p113
  4. ^ Reu (1933), p110
  5. ^ Jain (2001), pp67-75
  6. ^ Reu (1933), p112
  7. ^ De Bruyne (1968)
  8. ^ Majumdar (1966), pp50-51
  9. ^ The Chronology of Indian History, C.M. Duff, 1972, pp 300-301
  10. ^ The Age of Imperial Kannauj, R.C. Majumdar Ed, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1964, pp 97, 103
  11. ^ The Rise and Decline of Buddhism in India, K.L. Hazara, Munshiram Manoharlal, 1995, pp 154-155, 103
  12. ^ Pramukh Aitihasik Jain Purush aur Mahilayen, J.P. Jain, Bharatiya Jnanapith, 1975, p217
  13. ^ Bharatiya Digambar Jain Abhilekh: Madhya Pradesh, K. C. Jain, Digambar Jain Sahitya Samrakshan Samiti, 2001, pp 67-75
  14. ^ The Struggle for Empire, R.C. Majumdar Ed, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1966, pp 50-51
  15. ^ J.L. De Bruyne, Rudrakavis Great Poem of the Dynasty of Rastraudha, EJ Brill, 1968
  16. ^ Dr. Jyotsna Kamat. "The Rashrakutas". 1996-2006 Kamat's Potpourri. Retrieved 2006-12-20. 

References[edit]

  • De Bruyne, J.L. (1968) [1968]. Rudrakavi's Great Poem of the Dynasty of Rastraudha. EJ Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-03098-5. 
  • Jain, K.C. (2001) [2001]. Bharatiya Digambar Jain Abhilekh. Madhya Pradesh: Digambar Jain Sahitya Samrakshan Samiti. 
  • Kamath, Suryanath U. (2001) [1980]. A concise history of Karnataka : from pre-historic times to the present. Bangalore: Jupiter books. LCCN 80905179. OCLC 7796041. 
  • Majumdar, R.C. (1966) [1966]. The Struggle for Empire. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 
  • Reu, Pandit Bisheshwar Nath (1997) [1933]. History of the Rashtrakutas (Rathodas). Jaipur: Publication Scheme. ISBN 81-86782-12-5.