Brandy Station Union order of battle

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The following units and commanders fought in the Battle of Brandy Station of the American Civil War on the Union side. The Confederate order of battle is shown separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle.[1]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

BG Alfred Pleasonton

Right Wing[edit]

BG John Buford

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG John Buford
     Col Thomas C. Devin

1st Brigade


   Col Benjamin F. Davis (k)
   Maj William S. McClure

  • 8th New York: Maj Edmund M. Pope
  • 8th Illinois: Cpt Alpheus Clark (mw), Cpt George A. Forsyth (w)
  • 3rd Indiana (battalion): Maj William S. McClure, Maj Charles Lemmon
  • 9th New York (Five companies): Maj William B. Martin (w), Cpt Conway W. Ayres
  • 3rd West Virginia (Two companies): Cpt Seymour B. Conger
2nd Brigade


   Col Thomas C. Devin
   Col. Josiah H. Kellogg

  • 6th New York: Maj William E. Beardsley
  • 17th Pennsylvania: Col Josiah H. Kellogg
Reserve Brigade


   Maj Charles J. Whiting

Attached Infantry Brigade[2]


   BG Adelbert Ames

Horse Artillery


   Cpt James M. Robertson

  • 1st United States, Battery K: Cpt William M. Graham[3]
  • 2nd United States, Batteries B and L: Lt Edward Heaton[4]
  • 4th United States, Battery E: Lt Samuel S. Elder[5]

Left Wing[edit]

BG David McM. Gregg

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     Col Alfred N. Duffié

1st Brigade


   Col Louis P. Di Cesnola

2nd Brigade


   Col John I. Gregg

  • 3rd Pennsylvania: Ltc Edward S. Jones
  • 4th Pennsylvania: Ltc William E. Doster
  • 16th Pennsylvania: Cpt John K. Robison[6]
  • 2nd United States Artillery, Battery M: Lt Alexander C. M. Pennington, Jr.

Third Division
     BG David McM. Gregg

1st Brigade


   Col Judson Kilpatrick

  • 2nd New York: Ltc Henry E. Davies, Jr.
  • 10th New York: Ltc William Irvine (c), Maj Matthew H. Avery
  • 1st Maine: Col Calvin S. Douty
  • Orton's Company Disrtict of Columbia: Cpt William H. Orton
2nd Brigade


   Col Percy Wyndham (w)
   Col John P. Taylor

  • 1st New Jersey: Ltc Virgil Brodrick (k), Maj John H. Shelmire (k), Maj Myron H. Beaumont
  • 1st Pennsylvania: Col John P. Taylor, Ltc David Gardner
  • 1st Maryland: Ltc James M. Deems
  • New York Light Artillery, 6th Battery: Cpt Joseph W. Martin
Attached Infantry Brigade[7]


   BG David A. Russell

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Battle of Brandy Station - Order of Battle
  2. ^ 86th and 124th New York belonged to the Third Corps, 2nd Massachusetts and 3rd Wisconsin to the Twelfth Corps and the 33rd Massachusetts to the Eleventh Corps
  3. ^ Served with Second Brigade
  4. ^ Served with First Brigade
  5. ^ Served with Reserve Brigade
  6. ^ In reserve at Mount Holly Church - no saddles
  7. ^ The 56th Pennsylvania and the 2nd and 7th Wisconsin belonged to the First Corps, the 6th Maine and 119th Pennsylvania to the Sixth Corps and the 5th New Hampshire and 81st Pennsylvania to the Second Corps
  8. ^ Attached to 7th Wisconsin
  9. ^ Attached to 5th New Hampshire

References[edit]