Brandywine, Maryland

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Brandywine, Maryland
Census-designated place
Location of Brandywine, Maryland
Location of Brandywine, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°41′55″N 76°50′57″W / 38.69861°N 76.84917°W / 38.69861; -76.84917Coordinates: 38°41′55″N 76°50′57″W / 38.69861°N 76.84917°W / 38.69861; -76.84917
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Prince George's
Area
 • Total 21.1 sq mi (54.7 km2)
 • Land 21.0 sq mi (54.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 220 ft (67 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,719
 • Density 320/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20613
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-09325
GNIS feature ID 0597115

Brandywine is the name of an unincorporated area in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, that refers both to a census-designated place (CDP) and a zip code area which is much larger (20613), whose areas overlap.[1] The population of Brandywine at the 2010 U.S. Census was 6,719,[2] and the population of ZIP code 20613 has not yet been identified for 2010.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

The CDP and town are adjacent to the southern border of Prince George's County, lying east and west of busy Maryland Route 5/U.S. Route 301, which merge at Brandywine. Brandywine CDP is bordered by Accokeek to the west, Clinton and Rosaryville to the north, Croom to the northeast, and Cedarville to the southeast, all in Prince George's County. Waldorf in Charles County borders Brandywine to the south. The Brandywine zip code area encompasses parts of both counties and includes Cedarville and Baden.

Although surrounded on either side by the sizable communities of Clinton and Waldorf, Brandywine itself has remained primarily rural and scenic; however, this is beginning to change, with new housing developments being built. The first phase of Brandywine Crossing shopping center opened in October 2008.[5] The Brandywine community also includes Gwynn Park High School, a golf course, several well-known automobile salvage lots, and a construction equipment sales lot.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the zip code area has a total area of 203,318,527 square meters, of which 152,525 square meters is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,410 people, 478 households, and 377 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 320.4 people per square mile (123.7/km2). There were 501 housing units at an average density of 113.8/sq mi (44.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 56.24% White, 38.23% African American, 1.13% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 478 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $57,063, and the median income for a family was $64,038. Males had a median income of $41,783 versus $35,242 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,035. About 8.6% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

William H. Early named the town of Brandywine as property he owned in the mid-19th century. The CDP consists of the property he owned in the 19th century. It is thought to be named after the Battle of Brandywine of the American Revolutionary War. It was developed on the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad's Pope Creek (Southern Maryland) line in about 1873 and was the only town on the route that developed into a railroad town.[7]

On September 1, 1877, around 4 p.m., a small 2.7 magnitude earthquake struck Brandywine.[8]

In 1912, the Bank of Brandywine was chartered from what had previously been the Southern Maryland German-American Bank.[9][10]

Historic sites[edit]

The following is a list of historic sites in Brandywine, which includes Baden and T.B. identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission, none of which are currently museums:[11][not in citation given][12][not in citation given]

Site Name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Black Swamp School BlackSwampSchool.jpg 19011 Croom Road 87A-057 Designated in 2009; Officially 1899 "Colored School No. 2, District 8" in Horsehead
2 Black Walnut Thicket WalnutThicket.jpg 15508 Letcher Road East 86B-010 Located at Baden; 1856 plantation house, extensively altered in 1930s
3 Chapel of the Incarnation Chapel of the Incarnation Dec 08.JPG 14070 Brandywine Road 85A-032-27 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 2000-12-13
4 Charles S. Early House CSEarlyHouse.jpg 14280 Brandywine Road 85B-010 1870, 2-story, gable roof farmhouse
5 William W. Early House Early House Dec 08.JPG 13907 Cherry Tree Crossing Road 85A-032-09 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as of 1988-06-30; privately owned
6 Gibbons Methodist Episcopal Church Site and Educational Building 14107 Gibbons Church Road 86B-1
7 Gwynn Park Manor 7911 Dyson Road 85A-013 Located at T.B.
8 Kalmia (Kalaird) 15110 Nelson Perrie Road 86B-009 Located at Baden
9 Marlow-Huntt Store and Casket Shop 13700 and 13702 Old Brandywine Road 85A-033-14 Located at T.B.
10 Old Bank of Brandywine 14110 Brandywine Road 85A-032-30
11 Poplar Hill School 19104 Croom Road 87A-12 Located at Baden
12 Rosemount (Skinner-Martin House) 13201 Martin Road 86B-002
13 St. Paul's Parish Church St. Paul's Parish Church Brandywine MD Nov 11.JPG SE of Brandywine off MD 381 86B-014 Located at Baden. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1977-09-15
14 St. Thomas Methodist Episcopal Church 18810 Aquasco Road 87A-10 Located at Baden
15 T.B. School 14000 Crain Highway 85A-26
15 United-Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church 6810 Floral Park Road 85A-018
17 William H. Townshend House 12804 Windbrook Drive 81B-007

Education[edit]

Elementary: Brandywine Elementary School

Middle: Gwynn Park Middle School

High: Gwynn Park High School

Famous residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]