Brandywine School

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An illustration from Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates (1903) exemplifies the "Brandywine School" style.

The Brandywine School was a style of illustration — as well as an artists colony in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, near Brandywine Creek — both founded by artist Howard Pyle (1853–1911) at the end of the 19th century.[1] The works produced there were widely published in adventure novels, magazines and romances in the early 20th Century.


Pyle brought his protégés to Chadds Ford for summers of study between 1898 and 1902. It was through the absorption of Pyle's particular style and teaching during these five years that the tradition and center known as the "Brandywine School" emerged. The term since has been applied to more of Pyle's students and their followers, whether or not they worked at Chadds Ford. Pyle was mentor to such successful artists as N. C. Wyeth, Frank E. Schoonover, Stanley M. Arthurs, W.J. Aylward, Thornton Oakley, Violet Oakley, Clifford Ashley, Anna Whelan Betts, Ethel Franklin Betts, Jessie Willcox Smith, and Harvey Dunn.