Braničevo District

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Браничевски округ
Braničevski okrug
District of Serbia
Location of Braničevo District in Serbia
Location of Braničevo District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Administrative centre Požarevac
Government
 • Commissioner Goran S. Petrović (DS)
Area
 • Total 3,865 km2 (1,492 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 180,480
 • Density 46.7/km2 (121/sq mi)
Municipalities 7 and 1 city
Settlements 189
- Cities and towns 7
- Villages 182

The Braničevo District (Serbian: Браничевски округ / Braničevski okrug), (pronounced [brǎnitʃɛv̞ɔ]; expands in the north-east of Serbia. It has a population of 180,480. The administrative centre of the district is Požarevac, a famous cross-roads, with numerous communications running through it still today. The district corresponds to the Braničevo region.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Serbia

In the 9th century, a Slavic (or Serb[1]) tribe known as Braničevci are mentioned living in the region. In this time, the town named Braničevo also existed in the area, at the estuary of the river Mlava into Danube. In the Early Middle Ages, Braničevo became a part of the First Bulgarian Empire. After the conquest of Bulgaria, the Byzantines established the Theme of Sirmium in the wider region south of the river Danube. Syrmia, and hence Braničevo, came to be contested between Kingdom of Hungary on the one side, and the Byzantine Empire and the Second Bulgarian Empire (after its independence from the Byzantines) on the other. In the 13th century the Hungarians established the Banate of Braničevo (Banovina of Braničevo), but later in the century two local Bulgarian rulers, Darman and Kudelin, became independent and ruled over Braničevo and Kučevo. In 1291, they were defeated by the Serbian king, Stefan Dragutin, who joined Braničevo to his Syrmian Kingdom. Under his rule the town of Braničevo became a seat of the Eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church.[2] The region later belonged to subsequent Serbian states, until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. In the 14th century, the region was in a possession of local rulers from the House of Rastislalić. During the Ottoman rule, Braničevo was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo, and since 19th century, it is again part of the Serbian state.

Culture[edit]

In the mid-nineteenth century, at the time of the Serbian state emancipation, Požarevac became, along with Kragujevac, the second metropolis of Prince Miloš Obrenović. During his lifetime, Prince Miloš Obrenović had erected monuments to his memory in Požarevac:

  • the church in 1819
  • palace (1825)
  • new marketplace (1827)
  • stud-farm - Ljubicevo in 1860.

Some of the places of cultural importance in Požarevac are:

Municipalities[edit]

The district encompasses the municipalities of:

Municipalities of the Braničevo district

Economy[edit]

Business facilities of this district are concentrated in the vicinity of the cities of Požarevac and Costal. The most prominent is the food-industry giant: Agricultural-industrial Combine Požarevac which provides employment to huge number of men and satisfies one quarter of the overall demands of Serbia.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population
1948 246,475
1961 263,344
1971 263,015
1981 263,677
1991 253,492
2002 200,503
2011 180,480

Ethnic groups (2002 census)[edit]

  • Serbs = 174,818 (87.2%)
  • Vlachs = 14,083 (7.0%)
  • Roma = 3,188 (1.6%)
  • other (4.2%)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Note: All official material made by the Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from www.srbija.gov.rs.

Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183