Branko Mikulić

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Branko Mikulić
30th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
15 May 1986 – 16 March 1989
President Sinan Hasani
Lazar Mojsov
Raif Dizdarević
Preceded by Milka Planinc
Succeeded by Ante Marković
3rd President of the Presidency of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
April 1982 – 26 April 1984
Prime Minister Milanko Renovica
Preceded by Raif Dizdarević
Succeeded by Milanko Renovica
6th Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
1967–1969
Preceded by Rudi Kolak
Succeeded by Dragutin Kosovac
Personal details
Born (1928-06-10)10 June 1928
Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Died 12 April 1994(1994-04-12) (aged 65)
Sarajevo, Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political party League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Profession Politician, soldier
Religion Roman Catholic

Branko Mikulić (10 June 1928 – 12 April 1994) was a communist politician and statesman in the Yugoslavia. Mikulić was one of the leading communist politicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the communist rule in the former Yugoslavia.

Biography[edit]

Branko Mikulić was born to a Croat family in 1928 in the vicinity of Gornji Vakuf, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. His father was a prosperous farmer and a leading local member of the Croatian Peasant Party, who during World War II became a deputy on the State Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ZAVNOBiH). Mikulić finished gymnasium in Bugojno. He joined Yugoslav Partisans in 1943. After the war he attended University of Zagreb Faculty of Economy.

Political activity[edit]

As a young and ambitious party leader, after studying in Zagreb he returned to his birthplace to become a full-time politician. He became a deputy for Bugojno, a deputy for the West Bosnian district, and in 1965 secretary of the Bosnian Communist party’s central committee - before being elected its president a year later.

Though Bosnia and Herzegovina was considered a political backwater of the Yugoslav federation for much of the 1950s and '60s, the 1970s saw the ascension of a strong Bosnian political élite.

Mikulić and his team proceeded to build a system of social and national equality on the ZAVNOBiH model, by way of full emancipation of the Bosniak nation and reintegration of the Bosnian Croats into the political system. Meanwhile western Herzegovina enjoyed economic regeneration during the Mikulić's rule

While working within the communist system, politicians that included Branko Mikulić but also Džemal Bijedić and Hamdija Pozderac reinforced and protected the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina and were considered as the backbone of the political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina during much of the 1970s and '80s. Their efforts proved key during the turbulent period following Tito's death in 1980, and are today considered some of the early steps towards Bosnian independence.

President of the Federal Executive Council[edit]

Branko Mikulić was nominated by the Yugoslav presidency as successor to Milka Planinc in January 1986.[1] In Ljubljana, Slovenian sociologist Tomaž Mastnak criticized Mikulić's nomination over the radio. The government subsequently laid charges against Mastnak.[2] On 15 May 1986 Mikulić was appointed President of the Federal Executive Council of Yugoslavia.

In March 1987, Mikulić was publicly rebuked for his economic policy by striking workers who refused to serve him while in Kranjska Gora for a ski-jump competition.[3] After the outbreak of 70 strikes nationally in a two-week period (with strikes being illegal in Yugoslavia), Mikulić threatened to mobilize the army to restore order in May 1987.[4] Mikulić's government devalued the dinar by 25% on 17 November 1987.[5] Mikulić reached a Standby Agreement with the International Monetary Fund in 1988.[6] SR Croatia and SR Slovenia attempted to launch a no-confidence motion against Mikulić in May 1988, but this proved unsuccessful.[7] In June 1988, several thousand people protested in front of the Federal Assembly calling for Mikulić's resignation.[8] After a no-confidence vote in the Federal Assembly, Mikulić resigned his post on 30 December 1988 and returned to Sarajevo. With this, Mikulić's government became the first and only to resign in the history of communist Yugoslavia. Mikulić left office with Yugoslavia in 21 billion USD of debt to Western countries.[9] He was replaced by Ante Marković on 16 March 1989.

He received the last rites shortly before his death. Mikulić died quietly in April 1994 during the Siege of Sarajevo. He was buried in the Catholic cemetery Sv. Josip in Sarajevo.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AROUND THE WORLD; Yugoslav Panel Proposes Croat as Prime Minister
  2. ^ Violations of the Helsinki accords, Yugoslavia: a report prepared for the Helsinki Review Conference, Vienna, November 1986. Human Rights Watch, 1986 (p. 20).
  3. ^ Workers Joke, but Yugoslavian Economy Isn't Funny
  4. ^ YUGOSLAVIA VOWS FIGHT OVER UNREST
  5. ^ Yugoslav Devaluation, New York Times
  6. ^ Bartlett, William. Europe's troubled region: economic development, institutional reform and social welfare in the Western Balkans. Routledge, 2008 (p. 14).
  7. ^ Mikulic survives call for no-confidence vote
  8. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P., Social currents in Eastern Europe: the sources and consequences of the great transformation. Duke University Press, 1995 (p. 38).
  9. ^ Yugoslavian Prime Minister Mikulic and Cabinet resign
  10. ^ Onaj bez kojeg ne bi bilo tako kako je bilo
  11. ^ Groblje „SV. JOSIP“

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Milka Planinc
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
15 May 1986 - 16 March 1989
Succeeded by
Ante Marković
Sporting positions
Preceded by
United States Hugh Carey
President of Organizing Committee for Winter Olympic Games
1984
Succeeded by
Canada Frank King